The Hindu Vocabulary 20 April 2023

2023-04-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 April 2023 is from the Editorial titled Old friends: On Russia-India bilateral ties and the Ukraine issue.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Laggard

 

Adjective

Slow especially compared to others of the same kind

(सुस्त)

Slow, Leisurely, Sluggish, Crawling, Creeping

 

Rapid, Speedy, Swift, Hasty, Rushing, Fast

 

The laggard village condition should be improved.

Noun

A person who makes slow progress and falls behind others

(आलसी)

Straggler, Slug, Snail, Sluggard, Lounger, Lethargic

 

Speedster, hustler, Scrambler, Speeder, Hurrier

 

The School has been a laggard in developing new ideas.

Surge

Noun

A sudden strong movement in a particular direction by a large number of people or things

(बड़ी संख्या में लोगों या वस्तुओं द्वारा एक विशेष दिशा में अचानक तेज गति से जाना।)

Rise, Jump, Boom, Accelerate, Escalate, Heighten

 

Decrease, Diminish, Recede, Lessen

 

Tomato prices have seen a surge in recent months.

Verb

A sudden and great increase (उमड़ पड़ना)

Spurt, Stream, Gush, Squirt, Pour, Erupt, Eject, Expel, Spring

Restrain, Contain, Shut

Sometimes we need to swallow down the surge of excitement.

Surpass

Verb

To do something better than somebody/something else or better than expected

(दूसरों से बेहतर या आशा से बढ़कर काम करना)

Exceed, Better, Excel, Transcend, Beat, Outstrip, Overrun

Decline, Decrease

The result has surpassed the last year’s record.

Circumvent 

Verb

To find a clever way of avoiding a difficulty or rule

(किसी परेशानी या नियम से बचने का उपाय खोजना)

Avoid, Bypass, Deceive, Evade, Ignore, Sidestep

Assist, Aid, Encourage, Follow, Observe, Obey

Criminals always find a way to circumvent the law.

Compliance

Noun

To conform, submit, or adapt (as to a regulation or another's wishes) as required or requested

(अनुपालन)

Compliance, Adherence, Conformity, Obedience, Submissive

Obstinate, Stubborn, Defiant, Contrary, Disobedient

Atul was rewarded for his compliance with the company.

Catapult

Verb

To throw somebody/something suddenly and with great force

(किसी वस्तु या व्यक्ति को एकाएक व बहुत ज़ोर से फेंकना)

Propel, Launch, Hurl, Hurtle, Blast, Shoot, Fire

Delay, hamper, Impede, Limit, Deter Hinder

Don’t catapult the rocks toward the statue.

Hail

Verb

 

To greet with enthusiastic approval

(जयकार करना)

Acclaim, Accredit, Applaud, Cheer, Crack up, Laud, Praise, Salute, Tout

Criticize, Condemn

The people hailed the winner of the elections.

Noun

To pour down or strike like hail (बौछाड़)

Gush, Scurry, Drencher, Hailstorm, Shower, Hail

 

Bullets were hailing down on the criminals.

Impetus

Noun

Something that encourages something else to happen

(ऐसी वस्तु जो दूसरी वस्तु की क्रियाशीलता को बढ़ावा दे; प्रेरणा, प्रोत्साहन)

Catalyst, Impulse, Incentive, Momentum, Motivation, Stimulant

Disincentive, Block, Discouragement, Check, Hindrance

His entry into the strike worked as an impetus to the efforts.

Drastically

Adverb

Severe and sudden, extreme

(अत्‍यधिक)

Acutely, Awfully, Exceedingly, Exceptionally, Excessively, Extra-ordinarily

Little, Mildly, Moderately

The income of the employees should not be reduced drastically.

Traction

Noun

The action of pulling something along a surface; the power that is used for doing this

(सतह पर कुछ खींचने की क्रिया, कर्षण; कर्षण में प्रयुक्त बल का प्रकार)

Suction, Absorption, Adherence, Adhesion,

Constriction, Contraction

Slipperiness, Skip, Skid

Radha was in traction for weeks after the dangerous accident.

Contention

Noun

Arguing, disagreement

(विवाद; झगड़ा, असहमति)

Argument, Conflict Controversy, Dispute, Rivalry, Struggle, Altercation, Battle

Accord, Approval, Harmony, Truce, Peace

Their contention resulted in big violence.

Steadfast

Adjective

Faithful and loyal, not changing your attitudes or aims

(विश्वसनीय एवं निष्ठावान, वफ़ादार)

Abiding, Adamant,

Ardent, Dedicated,

Faithful

Dishonest, Disloyal, Pliable, Flexible, Untrustworthy

We are steadfast friends.

Turmoil

Noun

A state of great noise or confusion

(शोरग़ुल या खलबली)

Anxiety, Confusion, Ruckus, Stir, Strife, Flurry

Calm, Order, Peace, Composure, Pleasure

The economy is in turmoil for the last 10 years.

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Which among the following is a bacterial disease? / निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा एक जीवाणु रोग है?


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