The Hindu Vocabulary 25 November 2022

2022-11-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Opening stance: On the Australian parliament ratification of trade pact with India’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Stance

Noun

A mental position towards something or someone.

The position of the body while standing.

(उदेश्य/ आसन)

Attitude, Posture, Viewpoint, Poise

-

We expect our family members to take a stance to help each other whenever some problem occur.

Ratification

Noun

The action of signing or giving formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid.

(अनुसमर्थन)

Approval, Authorization, Confirmation, Sanction, Enactment

Disapproval, Opposition, Veto, Refusal

The Cabinet has approved the ratification of the treaty.

Pact

Noun

A formal agreement between individuals or parties.

(संधि)

Arrangement, Compact, Contract, Convention, Covenant, Deal, Protocol

Disagreement, Misunderstanding, Discord

India and US have signed a climate pact for green partnership.

Bodes

Verb

To predict.

To pretend.

To indicate something by signs.

(भविष्यव्दाणी करना)

Augur, Indicate, Forebode, Forecast

-

The recent agreement bodes well for our company.

Paving

Verb

Facilitate development

Cover (a piece of ground) with concrete, asphalt, stones, or bricks; lay paving over.

(मार्ग बनाना)

Arrange, Fix, Provide, Brace, Ease, Facilitate

Worsen, Agitate, Annoy, Trouble

The trade negotiations will pave a way for Free Trade Agreement between the two nations.

Predecessor

Noun

A person who precedes another in the office.

Ancestor.

(पूर्वज/ पुरखा/ पूर्ववर्ती/ पूर्वाधिकारी)

Antecedent, Archetype, Daddy, Foregoer, Forerunner, Forebear, Former, Antecedent

Derivative, Descendant, Successor

His predecessor was a cunning man.

Steered

Verb

Guide the movement or course of.

(मार्गदर्शन करना)

Conduct, Direct, Usher, Escort, Shepherd, Help, Aid

Abandon, Desert, Leave, Cast aside, Vacate, Quit, Evacuate

He steered the company to bag another big project.

Bipartisan

Adjective

Involving the agreement or cooperation of two political parties that usually oppose each other's policies.

(द्विदलीय)

-

-

The EWS reservation bill received considerable bipartisan approval.

Galvanize

Verb

Shock or excite (someone) into taking action

(प्रेरित करना)

Coat (iron or steel) with a protective layer of zinc.

Inspire, Stimulate, Astonish, Energize, Startle, Spur, Jolt, Motivate

Bore, Calm, Comfort, Dissuade, Compose, Depress

Discrimination is an issue that galvanize public opinion.

Clique

Noun

A narrow exclusive circle or group of persons held together by common interests, views, or purposes

(गुट)

Body, Circle, Community, Coven, Gang, Network, Crowd, Pack

Loner, Individualist

Many cliques have been formed across the globe for addressing climate change issues.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving both or two sides.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Respective, Reciprocal

Multilateral, Unilateral

The bilateral trade between India and Australia has increased over the last five years.

Credential

Noun

Evidence or authority of status.

Certified documents or information that identifies an account.

(साख/ स्थिति का प्रमाण या अधिकार/ प्रमाणित दस्तावेज़ या जानकारी जो किसी खाते की पहचान करती है)

Authentic, Conceivable, Convincing, Credible, Persuasive, Plausible, Authorization, Certification

Implausible, Improbable, Inconceivable, Incredible, Breach, Break

He gave me the log in credentials to book my trip.

Verb

To give credentials to someone for academic or professional purposes.

(शैक्षणिक या व्यावसायिक उद्देश्यों के लिए किसी को साख देना)

-

-

Mr. Maurya was credentialed as Vice Chancellor in the University in October.

Adjective

Providing the basis of confidence.

(विश्वास का आधार प्रदान करना)

-

-

You need to earn a credential after high school to make above the median wage.

Dodgy

Adjective

Requiring skill or care in handling or coping with

(पैंतरेबाज़)

Catchy, Difficult, Knotty, Prickly, Spiny, Thorny, Touchy, Delicate, Nasty, Dishonest, Tricky, Foxy

Simple, Easy, Uncomplicated, Straightforward, Unproblematic, Undemanding, Obvious, Public

We got into a dodgy situation and asked help from our parents.

Contours

Noun

An outline, especially one representing or bounding the shape or form of something.

The general form or structure of something

(समोच्च रेखा)

Curve, Silhouette, Delineation, Figure, Form, Lines

-

My husband loved the sleek contours of the car I gifted him.

Comprehensive

Adjective

Covering completely or broadly

(व्‍यापक)

Inclusive, Broad, Complete, Exhaustive, Full, Global, General

Empty, Incomplete, Short, Unfinished, Definite, Partial, Needy, Limited

You need to make a more comprehensive document on your research.

Surge

Noun

A strong wavelike movement.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Flood, Flow, Growth

Decline, Decrease

There was a sudden surge towards the village.

Verb

To rise and fall as in waves

(लहर उठना)

Climb, Flow, Grow, Rise

Decline, Descend, Lessen

The stock market surged to a record high as of today.

Bolster

 

Verb

To support or give a boost to.

(समर्थन या मजबूत करना)

Bear, Brace, Support, Strengthen

Block, Decrease, Discourage, Hinder

I was bolstered by my teacher to perform better in studies.

Noun

Anything used as a support.

(गोल तकिया)

Support

Oppose

My friend acted as a bolster for me throughout my life.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

 

A government in power.

 

A set of rules about food or exercise that some people follow in order to stay healthy.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

There should be a change in the regime of the company.

Envisage

Verb

Contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.

(परिकल्पना करना)

Foresee, Predict, Forecast, Anticipate, Foretell, Contemplate

Ignore, Disregard, Neglect, Ignorance, Ignorant

The trade pact envisaged free movement of goods across the two countries.

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