The Hindu Vocabulary 24 November 2022

2022-11-24

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 24 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Space, not time: On Election Commissioner tenures’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tenure

Noun

Time in position of some responsibility (कार्यकाल)

Reign, Term, Occupation, Regime

Misconception, misunderstanding, release

The tenure of Chief Election Commissioner is six years.

Boost

Verb

To push from below.

To increase.

(बढ़ावा)

Addition, Advance, Promote, Push, Improvement, Expansion, Lift, Support, Advance, Raise

Discourage, Dissuade, Undermine, Condemn, Pull, Lower, Drop

The financial support provided by the Ministry will boost the production of steel.

Independence

Noun


The fact or state of being independent.

(आजादी)

Ability, Autonomy, Self-rule, Self-government, Sovereignty, Separation

Dependence, Inaptitude, Subordination

The independence of the body shall be safeguarded by the act.  

Neutral

Adjective

Not helping or supporting either side in a conflict, disagreement, etc.

(तटस्थ)

Impartial, Noncommittal, Disinterested, Evenhanded, Inactive, Unbiased, Undecided, Uninvolved

Biased, Concerned, Decided, Interested, Involved, Prejudiced, Agitated, Excited

He sighted the incident as a neutral observer.

Reputation

Noun

The beliefs or opinions that are generally held about someone or something.

(प्रतिष्ठा)

Character, Fame, Honor, Influence, Name, Position, Standing, Stature

Unimportance, Dislike, Disrespect, Disregard, Disfavor

He is a man of high reputation.

Immune

Adjective

Exempt or protected

(प्रतिरक्षा)

Unaffected, Resistant, Exempt

Unprotected, Vulnerable, Unguarded

The ministers are immune to arrest in civil cases.

Vocal

Adjective

Expressing opinions or feelings freely or loudly.

(मौखिक)

Vociferous, Outspoken, Voice, Express, Said, State

Ignore, Cast aside, Avoid, Debar

You should go Vocal for Local.

Relevant

Adjective

Appropriate

(प्रासंगिक)

Admissible, Applicable, Consistent, Compatible

Improper, Inapplicable, Incompatible, Trivial, Unacceptable

The relevant question now is whether you want to complete your graduation or not.

Recommendation

Noun

The act of recommending

(सिफ़ारिश करना)

Endorsement, Guidance, Instruction, Judgment, Order, Proposal, Proposition

Disapproval, Opposition, Refusal, Rejection

The minister took action based on the recommendations of the committee.

Envisage

Verb

Contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.

(परिकल्पना करना)

Foresee, Predict, Forecast, Anticipate, Foretell, Contemplate

Ignore, Disregard, Neglect, Ignorance, Ignorant

The bill envisages solving all the problems related to environmental clearance.

Enacted

Verb

Legislate

(कानून बनाना)

Accomplish, Execute, Appoint, Formulate

Abandon, Fail, Forget, Neglect

The Parliament has not enacted any law regarding the reservation of seats for women in Parliament.

Apparent

Adjective

Clearly visible or understood; obvious.

(स्पष्ट)

Obvious, Plain, Evident, Visible

Doubtful, Unclear, Obscure, Unknown, Dubious

It was apparent from his behaviour that he is going to leave one day.

Devise

Verb

Plan or invent (a complex procedure, system, or mechanism) by careful thought.

(योजना बनाना)

Conceive, Think, Formulate, Create, Compose, Originate, Blueprint

Destroy, Disorder, Ruin, Forget, Ignore, Neglect

You should devise a mechanism to address customer grievances.

Perceive

Verb

Become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.

(समझना)

Discern, Recognize, Distinguish, Find, Identify

Disbelieve, Disregard, Ignore, Misunderstand, Neglect, Overlook

She was always perceived as a loser.

Convention

Noun

A way in which something is usually done, especially within a particular area or activity.

A large meeting or conference, especially of members of a political party or a particular profession.

(विशेष रूप से सामाजिक मामलों में उपयोग या प्रथा / सम्मेलन

Practice, Tradition, Law, Rule, Meeting, Conference, Pact, Protocol

Discord, Bad manners, Disagreement

You should follow old conventions to live a healthy life.

Scrutiny

Noun

Critical observation or examination.

(छानबीन)

Inspection, Survey, Scan, Study

-

Mr. Saxena sent the file to the senior manager for scrutiny.

Whimsy

Noun

Playfully quaint or fanciful behavior or humor.

(सनक)

Playfulness, Fancifulness, Caprice, Notion

-

This brand has lost a touch of whimsy in the past few years.

Demit

Verb

Resign from (an office or position).

(छोड़ना)

Abandon, Abdicate, Cede, Quit, Renounce, Resign, Surrender, Terminate

 

Ranveer was asked to demit the office after he attains the age of 70 years.

Undermine

Verb

Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

(दुर्बल करना)

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Diminish

Push, Urge, Stimulate, Boost, Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

His criticism cannot undermine my will to become successful.

Contend

Verb

Struggle to surmount (a difficulty or danger).


Assert something as a position in an argument.

(बहस करना)

Face, Deal with, Assert, Maintain, Hold, Claim, Argue, Affirm, Aver, Allege, Declare

Deny, Desert, Forget, Question, Separate, Unmix, Divide

She contends that the teacher’s judgement was wrong.

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat