The Hindu Vocabulary 23 November 2022

2022-11-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Strategy to save: On the National Suicide Prevention Strategy.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Strategy

Noun

A plan of action or policy designed to achieve a major or overall aim.

(रणनीति)

Action, Approach, Blueprint, Design, Project, Scheme, Policy

Honesty, Openness

I have devised a new strategy to re-launch the product.

Prevention

Noun

The action of stopping something from happening or arising.

(निवारण)

Avoidance, Stop, Blockage, Determent, Halt, Hindrance

Aid, Assistance, Clearance, Go, Help

Prevention is better than cure.

Cascade

Noun

A mass of something that falls or hangs in copious quantities.

A process whereby something, typically information or knowledge, is successively passed on.

(किसी चीज का द्रव्यमान)

Group, Category, Batch, Lot, Section, Clique, Waterfall, Torrent, Flood

Individual, Sole, Only, Solely

A cascade of events was about to take place at the fair.

Malaise

Noun

A general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify.

(बेचैनी)

Unhappiness, Restlessness, Uneasiness, Unease, Melancholy

Comfort, Well-being, Relaxed, Serenity, Repose

I am feeling a general malaise since morning.

Realm

Noun

Kingdom.

Sphere.

A primary marine division of the earth’s surface.

(क्षेत्र/ राज)

Dimension, Domain, Field, Sphere, Area, Arena, Circle, Demesne

Sky

The policy has been placed in the public realm for comments.

Grim

Adjective

Forbidding or uninviting

(विकट)

Bleak, Cruel, Ghastly, Gloomy

Bright, Cheerful, Comforting, Happy

You should wake up and see the grim reality of your life.

Dire

Adjective

Causing great fear or suffering.

(भयानक)

Baleful, Doomy, Foreboding, Menacing, Drastic, Acute, Critical, Desperate, Alarming, Awful, Calamitous, Depressing, Disastrous

Beautiful, Blessed, Bright, Cheerful, Calm, Mild, Good, Unimportant

You have to face dire consequences if you fled with the boy.

Stigma

Noun

A mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person.

(कलंक)

Shame, Disgrace, Dishonor, Stain, Blot

Approval, Benefit, Esteem, Honor, Praise

There shall be an elimination of stigma related to Transgender for their social upliftment.

Gargantuan

Adjective

Tremendous in Size or Volume. 

(विशाल/ महाकाय/ बृहत्काय)

Colossal, Enormous, Gigantic, Huge, Large, Immense, Mammoth, Massive 

Common, Dwarfed, Little, Tiny, Bantam, Infinitesimal, Lilliputian, Micro Miniature, Teeny 

We were shocked to see the gargantuan statue.

Imminent

Adjective

Something that is about to happen very soon.

Likely to occur at any moment.

(करीब/ आसन्न/ निकटस्थ/ समुपस्थित)

Forthcoming, Immediate, Impending, Inevitable, Likely, Looming, Possible, Unavoidable

Avoidable, Distant, Unlikely, Escapable

Our teammates were in imminent danger of being hurt by the opposite team.

Contrary

Noun

Opposite

(विरोध)

Antipode, Counter, Negative, Obverse

-

Contrary to what I promised, I would like to press charges against you.

Etch

Verb

To delineate or impress clearly


(of an acid or other solvent) corrode or eat away the surface of (something)

(खोदना/ धातु अथवा कांच पर तेजाब डालकर छापा करना वा खोदना)

Depict, Engrave, Imprint, Incise, Ingrain, Inscribe, Stamp, Corrode

Build, Confuse, Neglect

The incident has been etched in my memory.

Cohesive

Adjective

characterized by or causing cohesion.

(जोड़नेवाला)

United, Adhesive, Tenacious, Connected

Detached, Loose, Friable, Crumbling, Divided

Caste can be used as a cohesive social force for fulfilling hidden motives.

Intended

Adjective

Planned or meant

(इरादा करने का)

Deliberate, Intentional, Calculated, Planned, Considered, Preplanned, Wilful, Purposeful, Preconceived

Unfixed, Unplanned, Unintentional

The government is working to achieve the intended goals related to climate change.

Relevant

Adjective

Appropriate

(प्रासंगिक)

Admissible, Applicable, Consistent, Compatible

Improper, Inapplicable, Incompatible, Trivial, Unacceptable

Is your research relevant to the project assigned?

Incumbent

Adjective

Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(निर्भर)

Binding, obligatory, Compulsory, Necessary, Required

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Free, Open

It is incumbent on the state government to make the policy a success.

Noun

Officeholder

(पदधारी)

Occupant, Official

-

The incumbent Chief Minister launched a scholarship scheme for high school students.

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat