The Hindu Vocabulary 22 November 2022

2022-11-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Signs of trouble: On explosions in Coimbatore and Mangaluru.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Radicalisation

Noun

The act of becoming more extreme as in beliefs, actions or politics.

(विश्वासों, कार्यों या राजनीति के रूप में अधिक चरम बनने की क्रिया।)

-

-

The wars always end up in the radicalisation of a section of society.

Allegedly

Adverb

According to what has been claimed without proof.

(कथित तौर पर)

Purportedly, Avowedly, Assertedly, Supposedly

-

The waiter allegedly took the money from her purse while her purse was unattended.

Improvise

Verb

To compose and perform without previous preparation.

To compose on the spur of the moment.

(सुधारना/ तुरत-फुरत संगीत तरतीब देना)

Brainstorm, Concoct, Contrive, Devise

Design, Plan, Premeditate

Jacob improvised the dialogues in the play.

Ideologically

Adverb

In a way that relates to ideas or an ideology.

(वैचारिक रूप से)

Academically, Analytically, Assumedly, Formalistically

-

My both brothers are ideologically opposite.

Accomplice

Noun

A person who knowingly helps another in a crime or wrongdoing.

(साथी/ सह-अपराधी/ सहकारी/ अपराध का साथी)

Aide, Associate, Collaborator, Conspirator

Antagonist, Enemy, Adversary, Opponent

Kamlesh has been convicted as an accomplice.

Evade

Verb

To escape from cleverness.

To get around by trickery.

To avoid fulfilling.

(बचना/ टलना/ अपवंचन करना/ छिपाना)

Avoid, Bypass, Circumvent, Conceal

Confront, Disclose, Divulge, Encounter

He has evaded rules and regulations.

Resurface

Verb

To give a new surface to something.

To come to the surface again.

(फिर से बनाना)

Reappear, Reemerge, Recur, Return

-

Problems have resurfaced after many years.

Communalism

Noun

A theory of government according to which each commune is virtually an independent state.

(सांप्रदायिकता/ कौमवाद)

-

-

Government is not able to deal with communalism.

Extremism

Noun

The holding of extreme political or religious views

(उग्रवाद)

Radicalism, Irrationality, Intolerance, Bigotry, Hatred, Fanaticism

Apathy, Calmness, Dislike, Irresolution, Fairness

People are following extremism on social media while trolling others.

Vigilance

Noun 

A state of being vigilant.

(जागरूकता/ सतर्कता/ चौकसी/ मुस्तैदी/ एहतियात/ अनिद्ररोग) 

Alertness, Caution, Diligence, Surveillance, Attention, Attentiveness, Circumspection, Lookout, Acuity 

Indifference, Neglect, Carelessness, Impulsiveness, Indiscretion, Negligence

To keep vigilance, we have installed CCTVs in our office. 

Efficiency

Verb

The state of being efficient.

The ability to accomplish a job with a minimum expenditure of time.

The ratio of work done to the energy supplied to it.

(क्षमता/ कार्यक्षमता/ निपुणता/ योग्यता)

Ability, Adaptability, Capability, Competence

Idleness, Ignorance, Impotence, Inability

We are working on a machine with high efficiency.

Harmony

Noun

A pleasing arrangement of parts.

Internal calm.

Peaceful, agreeable and orderly relations.

(सद्भाव/ एकता/ मेल)

Conformity, Consensus, Consistency, Cooperation, Integration, Integrity, Composition, Melody

Disagreement, Discord, Incompatibility, Dislike, Unevenness, DisorganisationDisproportion, Disharmony

We hope that harmony is established between the two nations.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

Everyone wanted a probe against the minister.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

The police have asked the court for permission to probe into his past.

Rhetoric

Noun

The art or ability to use language effectively.

(भाषण कला)

Hyperbole, Oratory, Address, Bombast

Quiet, Conciseness

The rhetoric against Russia is to sideline it and stop the war.

Majoritarian

Adjective

Constituting majority.

(बहुमत का गठन।)

-

-

Suresh is a supporter of majoritarian politics.

Noun

A person who believes in majoritarianism.

(एक व्यक्ति जो बहुसंख्यकवाद में विश्वास करता है।)

-

-

The majoritarians were against freedom of speech in ancient times.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat