The Hindu Vocabulary 21 November 2022

2022-11-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘On the edge: On the Poland missile incident and the Ukraine conflict.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Incident

Noun

An event or occurrence

(घटना)

Circumstance, Episode, Fact, Scene, Event, Adventure

-

The recent incident has shown that you cannot trust anyone in your neighbourhood.

Adjective

Likely to happen because of; resulting from.

(विशेष रूप से एक मामूली परिणाम के रूप में होने की संभावना)

Accompanying, Attending, Concomitant

Asynchronous, Non-Synchronous, Nonsimultaneous

She was in confusion incident to what she saw with her eyes.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

The two leaders conflict regarding who will speak first at the meeting.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

I had a conflict with my sister over the trip to Manali.

Constructive

Adjective

Having or intended to have a useful or beneficial purpose.

(रचनात्मक)

Beneficial, Useful, Positive, Helpful, Productive, Practical, Valuable

Destructive, Negative, Devastating, Disastrous, Catastrophic, Noxious

Global leaders should encourage Russia and Ukraine for a constructive dialogue.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

An instance of the entrance to take possession.

(आक्रमण/ हमला/ चढ़ाई/ धावा)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The army could not predict a possibility of invasion at their air force base station.

Conflagration

Noun

An extensive fire which destroys a great deal of land or property.

War or Conflict

(आग)

Blaze, Wildfire, Holocaust, Bonfire, Inferno

-

She acted as a conflagration in their fight.

The conflagration between the two countries came to an end with this peace pact.

Escalation

Noun

An increase in intensity.

(वृद्धि)

Enlargement, Expansion, Growth, Rise

Decrease, Abatement, Compressing, Condensation

The escalation of war will cause good to none. 

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

Many people travelled without masks amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Refuted

Verb

Prove (a statement or theory) to be wrong or false; disprove.

(झूठा ठहराना)

Counter, Contradict, Expose, Oppose, Quash, Rebut, Contravene, Discredit

Agree, Approve, Concede, Concur, Endorse, Fix

He refuted my statement in front of the police.

Confirm

Verb

Establish the truth or correctness of (something previously believed, suspected, or feared to be the case).

(स्वीकार करना)

Affirm, Approve, Certify, Corroborate, Endorse, Establish, Explain

Confuse, Contradict, Deny, Disallow, Discredit, Disapprove

Prime Minister confirmed his visit to Ireland for the global summit.

Hair-trigger

Adjective

Immediately responsive to the slightest stimulus

(थोड़ी सी भी उत्तेजना के लिए तुरंत प्रतिक्रिया)

Critical, Sensitive, Touchy, Volatile, Unpredictable, Instantaneous, Rapid

Easy, Calm, Firm, Stable, Coarse, Harsh

You should talk to him with caution as he has a hair-trigger temper.

Justifiable

Adjective

Able to be shown to be right or reasonable; defensible.

(तर्कसंगत)

Reasonable, Valid, Legitimate, Rational, Acceptable, Logical, Sound

Illegal, Unlawful, Irrational, Improbable, Unreasonable

It is not financially justifiable for her to pay the fine alone.

Cautiously

Adverb

In a way that deliberately avoids potential problems or dangers.

(सावधानी से)

Deliberately, Intentionally, Purposely, Knowingly

Hastily, Unknowingly, Accidentally, By mistake

You should cautiously speak about your colleagues as those words might be used against you afterwards.

Tinderbox

Noun

A thing that is readily ignited.

(एक ऐसी चीज जो आसानी से प्रज्वलित हो जाती है)

Flash point, Time bomb, Powder keg, Volcano

-

The situation has turned into a tinderbox and a single spark can now burn down everything.

Deliberately

Adverb

Consciously and intentionally; on purpose.

(जान - बूझकर)

Intentionally, Consciously, Pointedly, Purposely, Voluntarily, Wilfully

Unintentionally, Unwittingly

He deliberately provoked me to prove his point.

Guardrail

Noun

A rail that prevents people from falling off or being hit by something.

(रेलिंग)

Railing, Bannister

-

We were very lucky that our car only hit the guardrail.

Expel

Verb

Deprive (someone) of membership of or involvement in a school or other organization.

(निष्कासित करना)

Ban, Discharge, Dismiss, Displace, Eliminate, Oust, Suspend, Exclude, Fire

Accept, Allow, Admit, Engage, Employ, Hire, Include, Keep, Take in

We were expelled from college for our involvement in a fight.

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

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