The Hindu Vocabulary 19 November 2022

2022-11-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Malady and remedy: On the collegium system of judicial appointments.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Malady

Noun

Any disorder or disease of the body, that is chronic.

A disordered condition in the human or animal body.

Any undesirable condition.

(रोग/ नुक़सान/बुराई/ हानि)

Epidemic, Fever, Flu, Illness, Sickness, Syndrome, Virus, Infirmity

Comfort, Health, Relief, Strength

He was told by his family physician that he had a malady.

Remedy

Noun

Something that cures or relieves a disease.

(निदान/ उपाय)

Antidote, Countermeasure

Damage, Harm

There is a remedy to all problems.

Verb

To correct something that was wrong.

To cure.

(उपचार करना/ प्रतिकार करना)

Alleviate, Ameliorate, Amend, Assuage

Aggravate, Damage

My issues were remedied by my mother.

Collegium

Noun

A group of ruling officials each with equal rank and power

(अधिशासी मंडल)

-

-

The collegium will recommend the names of Padma Awardees.

Judicial

Adjective

About court proceedings.

Ordered by the court.

Sanctioned by a court.

Giving judgment.

Inclined to make judgments.

By a court or a judge.

(अदालती/ न्यायतंत्र/ न्यायालय-संबंधी)

Juridical, Administrative, Authoritative, Constitutional

Illegal

It is the duty of law enforcement agencies to make sure that the judicial orders are followed.

Flaws

Noun

A feature that defects the perfection of something.

A defect in physical form or structure.

(गलती/ दोष/ खोट/ नुक्स)

Blemish, Bug, Defect, Failing

Advantage, Blessing, Perfection, Strength

There are many flaws in the design.

Verb

To make a flaw.

(गलती करना/ किसी चीज में कोई खोट निकालना)

-

-

This accident has flawed his character.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

He asked me to work on the critical issues first.

Aspect

Noun

A particular status or phase in which something appears.

The side facing a given direction.

A particular appearance of the face.

(पहलू/ आकृति)

Attitude, Condition, Facet, Form, Phase, Prospect

Whole

He asked me to think of every aspect of the outcomes of my decisions.

Recommendation

Noun

The act of recommending

(सिफ़ारिश करना)

Endorsement, Guidance, Instruction, Judgment, Order, Proposal, Proposition

Disapproval, Opposition, Refusal, Rejection

He was recruited to the post of developer on my recommendation.

Wrest

Verb

To take away by force.

(खींच)

Exact, Extort, Seize, Prize, Uproot, Yank, Usurp, Wrench

Give

He wrested the knife from his infant’s hand.

Opaqueness

Noun

The property of blocking the passage of radiant energy.

The property of being hard to explain.

(धुँधलापन/ अस्पष्टता)

Ambiguity, Equivocalness, Muddiness, Murkiness

Certainty, Definiteness

Public cannot tolerate opaqueness and unaccountability of the system for so long.

Accountability

Noun

The fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility.

(जवाबदेही)

Responsibility, Liability, Answerability, Reporting, Obedience

-

Prime Minister is very vocal about the accountability of his government.

Criticism

Noun

The act of criticizing usually favourably.

The act of evaluating some work.

The expression of disapproval of someone or something on perceived mistakes.

The act of passing judgments on the merits of anything.

A critical comment.

A method of studying texts to reconstruct them.

(आलोचना/ समालोचना/ छिद्रान्वेषण/ समीक्षा)

Assessment, Comment, Critique, Judgment, Denunciation, Objection, Animadversion, Aspersion

Heedlessness, Compliment, Neglect, Approval, Estimation, Flattery, Praise, Sanction

Politicians hardly get affected by their criticism.

Persist

Verb

To continue firmly in some course of action in spite of opposition.

To last tenaciously.

(दृढ़ रहना)

Continue, Endure, Linger, Persevere

Cease, Discontinue, Halt, Leave

He is the kind of person who can persist in all kinds of situations.

Petulant

Adjective

Showing sudden impatient irritation.

Rude in speech or behaviour.

(ढीठ/धृष्ट/ चिड़चिड़ा/ गुस्ताख़)

Cranky, Fractious, Impatient, Irritable

Agreeable, Cheerful, Happy, Nice

He is being called petulant and silly by his critics.

Executive

Noun

Someone who is employed by a business at a senior level.

The person or persons in which the supreme executive power of a government is vested.

The executive branch of a government.

(कार्यपालक/ कार्यकारिणी शक्ति/ शासनात्मक सत्ता)

Administration, Administrator, Official, Supervisor, Boss, Chief, Commander, Director

Employee, Follower, Worker

Her husband is working as a senior executive in the company.

Adjective

Relating to the execution of laws and the conduct of public affairs.

Of or relating to an executive.

Relating to carrying out plans.

(कार्यकारी/ शासनात्मक)

Managerial, Governing, Ruling, Controlling, Directorial

Subordinate, Nonmanagerial, Nonsupervisory

She is being elected as a member of the executive body.

Pitfalls

Noun

A lightly covered pit prepared as a trap for animals.

Any trap for the unwary.

(ख़तरा/ चूक/ फंसाने का जाल/ कठिनाई)

Danger, Difficulty, Drawback, Peril

Advantage, Safety, Security, Blessing

The pitfalls of working abroad are a lot and cannot be ignored.

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

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