The Hindu Vocabulary 18 November 2022

2022-11-18

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Trade tumult: On shrinking exports.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tumult

Noun

A loud, confused noise, especially one caused by a large mass of people.

Violent agitation of mind or feelings

(कोलाहल)

Agitation, Commotion, Convulsion, Excitement, Turmoil, Unrest

Agreement, Calm, Harmony, Order, Peace, Stillness, Quiet

Sheena’s mind was in a tumult of emotions due to her recent breakup.

Shrinking

Verb

Become or make smaller in size or amount.

Move back or away, especially because of fear or disgust.

(सिकुड़ना)

Decrease, Diminish, Drop off, Dwindle, Lessen, Shrivel, Weaken, Recede, Retreat

Develop, Enlarge, Expand, Grow, Increase, Advance, Forge, Accept, Meet

Maya did not shrink from telling the truth to the honourable judge.

Deficit

Noun

Shortage of something required

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Arrears, Default, Deficiency, Dues

Abundance, Adequacy, Advantage, Enough, Plenty

We need to reduce imports and increase export so as to reduce the trade deficit.

Intensive

Adjective

Characterized by intensity.

(गहन/ सघन)

Accelerated, Thorough, Comprehensive

Superficial, Incomplete, Incomprehensive

Intensive agriculture is observed in developing countries like India where the area is less and the population is more.

Uptick

Noun

An increase in business activity.

A selling price that is higher than the previous price.

(इजाफा)

Accretion, Accrual, Addendum, Addition, Boost, Expansion, Increase, More, Plus, Proliferation

Abatement, Decline, Decrease, Decrement, Fall, Loss, Reduction, Shrinkage

If there is no uptick in sales in the next fiscal year, we may be fired.

Sequentially

Adverb

By forming or following a logical order or sequence.

(क्रमिक रूप से)

Successively, Continuously, Progressively, Serially, Constantly, Gently, Deliberately

Abruptly, Fastly, Suddenly

We were asked to write the answers sequentially in the board exam.

Marginal

Adjective 

Relating to or at the edge. 

(सीमांत) 

Insignificant, Minimal, Minor, Negligible 

Important, Major, Significant, Central 

He could not qualify for the Olympics by marginal points. 

Slackening

Verb

Decrease

(कम करना)

Abate, Diminish, Loosen, Mitigate, Weaken

Extend, Grow, Increase, Intensify, Rise

The rise in the price of non-essential goods would result in a slackening of their demand.

Acknowledge

Verb


Accept or admit the existence or truth of

recognize the fact or importance or quality of.

(स्वीकार करना)

Admit, Accept, Grant, Confess, Appreciate

Decline, Deny, Disagree, Disapprove

The plight of Ukraine is being acknowledged by every nation.

Slump

Noun

A substantial decline especially in economic activity.

(मंदी)

Depression, Recession, Collapse, Crash

Ascend, Build, Increase, Boom

The market has been in a slump ever since the pandemic hit.

Verb

To fall or collapse.

(गिर पड़ना)

Collapse, Deteriorate, Droop, Fall

Rise, Increase

She was so tired that she slumped to the floor immediately.

Conveyed

Verb


Transport or carry to a place.

(किसी स्थान पर ले जाना)

Express message

(बताना)

Transport, Carry, Bring, Take, Fetch, Bear, Shift

Communicate, Disclose, Impart, Send, Tell

Receive, Take, Deny, Discourage, Dissuade, Free

Conceal, Keep, Cover, Hide, Suppress

She conveyed my message to the Professor that I would not be able to take the exam.

Accrue

Verb

Increase by addition or growth

To come into existence as a legally enforceable claim

(वृद्धि होना)

Accumulate, Amass, Enlarge, Build up

Disperse, Dissipate, Spend, Decrease, Diminish

Avoid taking a loan from Shreyash as your interest will accrue on monthly basis.

Deferred

Verb

Postpone

(टालना)

Shelve, Put off, Put back, Delay

Sped up, Expedite, Quick, Fast

He deferred listening to my explanation till the next morning.

Recalibrating

Verb

To correct or adjust the settings of some instrument or something.

(पुन: जांचना)

Adjust, Amend, Alter, Annotate, Improve, Redress, Regulate, Remedy

Aggravate, Damage, Harm, Hurt

I recalibrated the sensors of my car.

Turmoil

Noun

A state of extreme confusion, disturbance and commotion.

(उथल - पुथल)

Anxiety, Confusion, Riot, Strife, Trouble, Unrest

Calm, Composure, Agreement, Contentment

The market has been in turmoil since the news related to the death of a business tycoon is out.

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

They announced their wedding amid the financial crisis.

Dithering

Verb

To act nervously

(कांपना)

Balance, Falter, Halt, Scruple, Hesitate, Fluctuate, Haver

Dive, Plunge

She dithered on seeing an accident in front of her.

Noun

A highly nervous state.

(अडिग कार्य करना)

Agitation, Babble, Confusion

Calm, Peace, Sense

The news of the arrival of our grandfather had us all in a dither.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

Do not show fake concern regarding the work.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

My mother asked me not to be concerned about her.

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Question Of The Day

Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

2 : 72 :: 3 : ?