The Hindu Vocabulary 17 November 2022

2022-11-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Welcome pragmatism: On India’s G20 presidency.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Pragmatism

Noun

A practical approach to problems and affairs.

(व्यवहारवाद)

Advantage, Heterodoxy, Disdain, Assumption, Criterion

Disadvantage, Spiritualism, Humility, Modesty

The right person for this job is Nikhil because he balances vision with pragmatism.

Gavel

Noun

A small mallet used by the presiding officer of a meeting to signal for attention or order.

(भूमि का लगान/ भूमि का कर)

Hammer, Maul

Free will, Independence, License, Freedom

He used the gravel while imitating a judge.

Verb

To chair a session or meeting.

(किसी सत्र या बैठक की अध्यक्षता करना ।)

-

-

As a chairperson, he graveled the audience to silence.

Helm

Noun

The place or post of control.

(संचालन)

Chair, Head, Rein

-

The Manager is going to be at the helm of the entire team by the next year.

Consensus

Noun

Majority of opinion.

The general agreement of all those concerned.

(आम सहमति)

Accord, Consent, Unanimity, Agreement

Conflict, Dissensus, Disagreement, Opposition

It is going to be difficult for PM Modi to bring various nations to a consensus on some issues.

Hardship

Noun

A condition that is difficult.Something that causes suffering.

(कष्ट)

Adversity, Calamity, Catastrophe, Danger

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

My mother’s life had been full of hardships.

Polarisation

Noun

Division into two sharply distinct opposites

(दो तीव्र भिन्न विपरीतताओं में विभाजन)

Emission, Broadcast, Diffusion, Propagation

-

It is the public’s responsibility to not fall into the trap of polarisation.

Delegation

Noun

A group of delegates.

A group of persons chosen to represent something.

The act of empowering to act for another.

(प्रतिनिधि मंडल/ प्रतिनिधि की नियुक्ति/ प्रतिनिधान)

Appointment, Apportioning, Authorization, Charge, Commission, Contingent, Organization, Embassy

Keeping

He was part of the Indian delegation went to G20 summit with PM Modi

Temper

Noun

a person's state of mind seen in terms of their being angry or calm.

(गुस्सा)


the degree of hardness and elasticity in steel or other metal.

Attitude, Climate, Humor, Mood, Personality, Temperament, Drift, Anger, Fury, Ire, Impatience, Rage

Calmness, Contentment, Happiness, Peace

Sreejesh loses his temper very easily.

Verb

Improve the hardness and elasticity of (steel or other metal) by reheating and then cooling it.

(स्टील या अन्य धातु को गरमा करके और फिर ठंडा करके उनकी कठोरता और लोच में सुधार करना)

Act as a neutralizing or counterbalancing force to (something)

(किसी के लिए एक तटस्थ या प्रतिसंतुलन बल के रूप में कार्य करना)

Braze, Cement, Chill, Dry, Mold, Petrify, Set, Abate, Alleviate, Cool

Liquefy, Melt, Separate, Soften, Weaken, Discourage, Dissuade

Rahul got rejected because the employer thought of him as a short-tempered guy.

Equivocate

Verb

To use ambiguous or unclear expressions.

To avoid committing oneself in what one says.

(गोलमोल बात कहना)

Cavil, Dodge, Elude, Escape

Confront, Encounter, Face, Meet

He is equivocating about who will be the party’s contender in the elections.

Communique

Noun

An official bulletin or communication.

(विज्ञप्तियों)

Ad, Bulletin, Notice, Posting, Release, Warning, Address, News

Ignorance, Question, Concealment, Suppression

We have signed an official communique to release the data every month.

Thaw

Verb

To pass from a frozen to a semiliquid state.

To free from the physical effect of frost to a normal temperature.

(पिघलना/ गलना/ पिघलाव/ गलन)

Deliquesce, Flux, Fuse, Run

Harden, Set, Solidify

In late winters, snow thaws and creates fountains.

Demeanour

Noun

The way a person behaves towards others.

(आचरण)

Attitude, Disposition, Mien, Air

-

He was banned from the membership of the clubhouse because of his bad demeanour.

Peril

Noun

Something that may be harmful or cause injury or damage.

(जोखिम)

Hazard, Menace, Pitfall, Threat

Certainty, Protection, Security

Fire in our nearby office has put the entire building in peril.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

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