The Hindu Vocabulary 16 November 2022

2022-11-16

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 16 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A mixed bag: On U.S. midterm elections.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The government aims to limit inflation by the end of this fiscal year.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

We shall defend our country from any kind of invasion.

Referendum

Noun

A direct and universal vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal and can have nationwide or local forms.

(जनमत संग्रह)

Election, Vote, Mandate, Poll

-

The long awaiting referendum will take place in the country tomorrow.

Retain

Verb

To keep intact.

(बनाए रखा)

Maintain, Save, Hold, Keep

Release, Relinquish, Surrender, Yield

She retained one-third of her property and sold the rest of it.

Complicate

Verb

Make (something) more difficult or confusing by causing it to be more complex.

(जटिल)

 

Confuse, Entangle, Embroil, Muddle, Mix up, Convolute, Involve, Impede

Clear up, Enlighten, Explain, Arrange, Clarify

He complicated the payment process by introducing the new app.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

The probe regarding the bishop’s murder was stopped suddenly.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

She probed her entire house to find her diamond ring.

Abortion

Noun

the act of putting an end to something planned or previously agreed to

Termination of pregnancy

(गर्भपात)

Failure, Disaster, Miscarriage, Feticide, Termination

Childbirth, Parturition, Delivery

Sex-selective abortion is prohibited in India.

Resentment

Noun

Bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly.

(नाराज़गी)

Acrimony, Animosity, Annoyance, Irritation

Calm, Cheer, Comfort, Delight

He bore bitter feelings of resentment towards his boss.

Endorsement

Noun

Approval or support.

Recommending a product or a person.

(समर्थन)

Advocacy, Affirmation, Approval, Permission

Denial, Veto, Disapproval, Refusal, Disfavour

Without your parents’ endorsement, we will not get married.

Underscore

Verb

To emphasize.

(ज़ोर देना)

Highlight, Spotlight, Stress, Weight, Accentuate, Prioritize

Understate, Play down, Downplay, Underrate

He underscored the important points in the presentation.

Extremism

Noun

The quality or state of being extreme

(उग्रवाद)

Bigotry, Hatred, Intolerance, Faction

Apathy, Calmness, Dislike, Impartiality

The government is concerned about rising extremism In the region.

Determine

Verb

Cause (something) to occur in a particular way; be the decisive factor in.

(तय करना)

Complete, Regulate, Resolve, Rule, Actuate, Arbitrate, Clinch, Check, Establish

Bear, Commence, Create, Discourage, Dissuade, Hinder, Confuse, Disprove

She is determined to achieve her goals.

 

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Which of the following is not among the Padma Vibhushan Awardee 2023?