The Hindu Vocabulary 14 November 2022

2022-11-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Research first: On the UGC move on research papers by Ph.D. scholars.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Scholar

Noun

A learned or erudite person.

A student.

A student who has been awarded a scholarship.

(विद्वान/ छात्र/ शागिर्द/ पंडित)

Academic, Doctor, Intellectual, Philosopher, Professor, Scientist, Student, Teacher

Ignoramus

Radhika is a renowned scholar of Modern History.

Compulsion

Noun

The action or state of forcing or being forced to do something.

(बाध्यता)

Obsession, Coercion, Urgency, Constraint, Obligation

Free will, Independence, License, Freedom

He joined skating classes under compulsion from his parents.

Mandatory

Adjective

Compulsory or required by law.

(अनिवार्य)

Binding, Compulsory, Obligatory, Essential, Forced, Imperative

Free, Inessential, Optional, Secondary, Voluntary

It is mandatory to wear a helmet while driving a two-wheeler.

Thesis

Noun

A proposition stated for consideration.

A subject for the essay.

A dissertation on a particular subject in which one has done original research.

A dissertation or proposition that a person offers to maintain by the argument for scholastic honours.

(थीसिस/ निबंध/ प्रसंग/ मान्यता)

Contention, Hypothesis, Opinion, Premise, Proposition, Supposition, Argument, Essay, Memoir, Monograph

Fact, Proof, Reality, Truth

He is being asked to submit his final thesis next month.

Substandard

Adjective

Below standard.

Of a lower quality or quality not meeting the set norms.

(रद्दी/ अवमानक)

Cheap, Inadequate, Lousy, Shoddy

Good, Adequate, Satisfactory

Professor rejected all the projects with substandard work.

Doctoral

Adjective

Relating to achieving a doctorate.

A thesis or research work that is written to obtain a doctor’s degree.

(प्रतीकवाद)

-

-

He has given five years in doing research and finally presents his doctoral thesis this coming Thursday.

Emphasize

Verb

To give emphasis to something.

(ज़ोर देना/ महत्त्व देना)

Accent, Foreground, Accentuate, Affirm

Deny, Lose, Mumble, Depreciate

He emphasized that we should focus on one thing at a time.

Conducive

Adjective

Making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible.

(अनुकूल)

Helpful, Useful, Contributive, Leading

Useless, Worthless, Discouraging, Hindering

The current global economic outlook is not conducive to investing in new businesses.

Monograph

Noun

A treatise on a particular subject.

A highly detailed and thoroughly documented study.

An account of a single thing.

A book that is a detailed study of only one subject.

(प्रबंध/ विशेष निबंध/ किसी एक विषय पर लेख/ विनिबंध/ पुस्तिका)

Dissertation, Essay, Thesis, Treatise

-

We are going to explore scholarly monography on ancient history.

Patent

Noun

Exclusive rights regarding manufacturing, using, or selling, granted by an authority to the inventor of something.

(एकस्व)

Charter, License, Privilege, Flagrant

Ambiguous, Clean, Fuzzy, Obscure

My friend has been granted two patents.

Innovation

Noun

A new idea or something different introduced.

(नवीनीकरण)

Coinage, Concoction, Wrinkle, Addition, Modernization

Stagnation, Custom, Habit, Old

We need to stay updated with the latest innovations in computer technology.

Conference

Noun

A meeting for consultation.

The act of consulting together.

An association of athletic teams.

A meeting of two or more persons for discussing matters of common concern.

(सम्मेलन/ सभा/ परामर्श/ मन्त्रणा)

Consultation, Discussion, Forum, Interview, Association, League

Silence, Quiet

He is very keen to go to the conference on automobile engineering.

Verb

To hold or participate in the conferences.

(सम्मेलनों में शामिल होना या भाग लेना।)

-

-

The manager called all the team members into the conference room to conference upon the latest changes in the product design.

Cite

Verb

To call upon officially or authoritatively to appear (as before a court)

(अदालत में तलब करना)

Call, Order, Command, Summon

Ignore

The research paper cites my professor’s previous work.

To quote by way of example, authority or proof

(उदाहरणार्थ प्रस्तुत करना)

Allege, Allude to, Indicate, Mention, Offer

Conceal, Deny, Take, Withhold

She was cited by the leader for her bravery.

Backfire

Verb

To have a loud explosion.

To bring a result opposite to what was expected.

(जवाबी हमला/ प्रतिविस्फोटन/ प्रतिज्वलन/ व्यर्थ या निष्‍फल हो जाना)

Fail, Flop, Backlash, Boomerang

Accomplish, Achieve, Succeed

The plan to fight elections with old candidates has backfired.

Peer

Noun

A person of the same status.

A person who is equal in abilities to another.

Something of equal worth.

A nobleman

(समकक्ष/ समान पद का)

Gentleman, Milord, Grandee, Nobleman, Associate, Rival, Companion, Compeer

Inferior, Superior

He was very respected among his peers.

Verb

To look narrowly or curiously.

To come slightly into view.

(बराबर होना/ झांकना)

Gape, Gawk, Bore, Eye

Ignore, Neglect

The article will be accepted only after it is peer-reviewed.

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat