The Hindu Vocabulary 15 April 2023

2023-04-15

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 15 April 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Optical relief: On headline inflation.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The retail inflation data has been released.

Moderation

Noun

The quality of being moderate.

The act of moderating.

(संयम/ संतुलन/ समभाव/ संग्रम)

Calmness, Fairness, Restraint, Patience

Agitation, Upset, Discomposure, Extreme

The court has appointed a retired judge for moderation between the two conflicting parties.

Respite

Noun

A delay for a time.

Temporary suspension of the execution of a person condemned to death.

A period of temporary delay.

(मोहलत/ स्थगितकरण)

Breather, Downtime, Hiatus, Interruption, Lull, Recess, Relief, Reprieve

Continuation, Advance, Beginning, Blame

It has been months since they had any respite from bombardment.

Verb

To grant a temporary period of relief to.

(टालना/ टाल देना/ मुलतवी करना/ स्थगित करना)

-

-

The treatment included respite from any physical activity and a proper diet.

Adjective

Providing temporary care in relief of a primary caregiver.

(प्राथमिक देखभालकर्ता की राहत में अस्थायी देखभाल प्रदान करना।)

-

-

The doctor suggested respite care for their newborn baby.

Tolerance

Noun

The capacity of enduring.

A fair attitude toward opinions and practices that differ from one’s own.

The allowable deviation from a standard.

The power of enduring the action of a drug, poison, pollutant, or biological stressor.

(सहनशीलता/ सहिष्णुता/ सहयता)

Patience, Resilience, Resistance, Strength, Broadmindedness, Toughness, Immunity, Imperviousness

Lethargy, Weakness, Disapproval, Bias, Cowardice, Timidity, Intolerance, Bigotry

The tolerance level of youth is getting lower and lower.

Threshold

Noun

The point after which something changes or begins.

(सीमा)

Brink, Verge, Door, Outset

Middle, Completion, Conclusion, End

YouTube earnings have reached a threshold for most of the creators.

Shell

Noun

A hard rigid usually large covering of an animal.

The outside part of a fruit or seed.

(शंख/ खोल)

Carapace, Frame, Crust, Case

Core, Center, Inside, Interior

The shells were collected by my brother at the beach.

Verb

To take out of the shell.

To fall out of the shell.

(छीलना/ गोले बरसाना)

Peel, Bark, Skin, Scale

-

The chef shelled the nuts and served them on the plate.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

I think BJP will get a clear mandate in the elections.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The Government should mandate income tax filing.

Framework

Noun

A basic structure or plan of concepts or rules.

A basic conceptional structure of ideas.

The large branches of the tree that determine its shape.

(रूपरेखा/ ढांचा/ तंत्र/ बनावट/ चौखटा)

Groundwork, Plan, Scheme, Structure, Cage, Architecture, Cadre, Edifice, Infrastructure, Skeleton

-

The regulatory framework has been developed by the bureaucrats.

Sanguine

Adjective

Optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.

(आशावादी)

Optimistic, Bullish, Hopeful, Buoyant, Positive

Negative, Pessimistic, Dull, Gloomy

We need to be sanguine in any difficult situation.

Barring

Preposition

Excluding something as an exception.

Except for.

(को छोड़कर/ के सिवाय/ बिना)

Except for, Excepting, Bar, Other than, Apart from, Aside from, Besides, But

All, Inclusive

Barring a cricket match coming on Sunday, I will go with you to a mall.

Trigger

Verb

To cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

Surendra triggered an unnecessary discussion with his brother.

Spur

Verb

Promote the development of.

(प्रोत्साहित करना)

Stimulate, Encourage, Prompt, Prod, Move

Hinder, Obstruct, Discourage, Boring

His passion for teaching spurred him to set up a coaching institute.

Squeeze

Verb

To press forcibly or to compress.

(निचोड़)

Crush, Express, Mash, Pack

Release, Uncompress, Loose, Allow, Expansion

He squeezed the orange and collected the juice in the glass.

Prop

Noun

A stick, rod, or pole for support. (प्रोप/ सहारा)

Aid, Assistance, Buttress, Column

Hindrance, Injury

She used the toy car as a prop in the play.

Verb

To support or strengthen against something.

(किसी चीज के खिलाफ समर्थन या मजबूती देना।)

Brace, Bolster, Buoy, Buttress

Discourage, Dissuade

She propped the cane against the wall.

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following sites of Harappan civilization is located near Bolan Pass? / हड़प्पा सभ्यता का निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा स्थल बोलन दर्रे के पास स्थित है? 


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