The Hindu Vocabulary 14 April 2023

2023-04-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 April 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Neutral, not passive: On India’s stand on the Russia-Ukraine conflict.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Passive

Adjective

Not reacting visibly to something that might be producing emotion or feeling.

Not participating actively.

Not operating.

Relating to business activity in which the investor does not actively participate in the generation of income.

(निष्क्रिय/ सहनशील/ अप्रतिरोधी/ अनिवारक)

Apathetic, Indifferent, Laid-back, Nonviolent, Quiet, Static

Caring, Concerned, Interested, Agitated

He is a passive investor in our business.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

The conflicting partners have hampered the working of the company.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

The conflict of interest between both sisters has caused the issue.

Pragmatic

Adjective

Dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.

(व्यावहारिक)

Businesslike, Practical, Realistic, Sober, Efficient

Excited, Impractical, Irrational, Inefficient

Our manager is a very pragmatic person.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

An instance of the entrance to take possession.

(आक्रमण/ हमला/ चढ़ाई/ धावा)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The invasion of small kingdoms was done frequently during the colonial period.

Existential

Adjective

Relating to existence

(अस्तित्व संबंधी)

Empirical, Factual, Observational, Pragmatic

Unobserved, Conjectural, Hypothetical, Theoretical

Some startups are facing an existential crisis due to bad market conditions.

Integrity

 

Noun

Quality of being honest and having strong moral principles.

(सत्यनिष्ठा)

Honesty, Probity, Uprightness, Righteousness, Sincerity

Deceit, Dishonesty, Corruption, Disgrace

Ishwar is a man of integrity.

 

The state of being whole, entire, or undiminished

(अखंडता)

Unity, Wholeness, Coherence, Solidarity, Coalition

Disunity, Incompleteness

Indian Army is well equipped and motivated to protect the integrity of the nation. 

Navigate

Verb

To move on over the water.

To direct a ship.

To control a ship or aircraft.

To pass over a waterbody.

(जहाज़ चलाना/ नौचालन करना/ नौपरिवहन करना/ संचालन करना)

Cross, Cruise, Handle, Maneuver

Neglect, Forget

I navigated the lake with my friends on boat.

Geopolitics

Noun

The study of the influence of political and economic geography on the politics, power, and foreign policy of a nation.

The combination of geographic and political factors influencing a region.

(भू-राजनीति/ भूगोल पर आधारित राजनीति)

Earth science, Geology, Topography, Cartography

-

These days geopolitics is often influenced by corporate strategies.

Realpolitik

Noun

Practical politics.

A system of politics based on practical rather than moral considerations.

(राजनीति)

Civics, Government, Governance

-

The Indian foreign policy is something that acknowledges the realpolitik of the need for neutrality.

Condemn

Verb

To declare to be apprehensible.

To adjudge unfit for use.

To give reasons for censuring.

To announce unfit for service.

(निंदा करना/ भर्त्सना/ अपराधी ठहराना/ निकम्मा ठहराना)

Castigate, Censure, Chide, Criticize

Approve, Compliment, Laud, Praise, Commend, Endorse, Exalt, Sanction, Absolve

I condemned the act of the manager with strong words in the meeting.

Consensus

Noun

Majority of opinion.

The general agreement of all those concerned.

(आम सहमति)

Accord, Consent, Unanimity, Agreement

Conflict, Dissensus, Disagreement, Opposition

We were unable to reach a consensus in the meeting.

Territorial

Adjective

Associated with a particular area or territory.

(क्षेत्रीय)

Provincial, Sectional, National

Universal

The territorial disputes between India and Bangladesh are now resolved.

Noun

A member of the territorial army.

(प्रादेशिक सेना के एक सदस्य)

-

-

Suresh is territorial since 2022.

Cease

Noun

The act of cessation of something.

(समाप्ति)

Arrest, Check, Closure, Discontinuance

Continuation, Extension, Prolongation, Continuance

We worked without cease to complete the project on time.

Verb

To cause to come to an end.

(बंद करना/ समाप्त करना/ रोकना/ छोड़ना)

Desist, Discontinue, Fail, Halt, Quit, Refrain

Begin, Complete, Continue, Do

The fight has now ceased at the border.

Uphold

Verb

To give support or defend.

(बरकरार रखा)

Confirm, Defend, Support, Back, Promote

Attack, Deny, Oppose, Protest

All members have to take an oath to uphold the Constitution.

Empathize

Verb

To experience empathy.

(सहानुभूति)

Sympathize, Comprehend, Imagine, Share

Misinterpret, Mistake, Misunderstand

Megha empathized with her elder sister.

Sovereignty

Noun

Freedom from external control.

The quality of a state having supreme authority.

(प्रभुता/ प्रभुत्व)

Dominance, Jurisdiction, Supremacy, Ascendancy

Submission, Dependence, Subjection, Unfreedom

We will respond with strength to those who attacked our sovereignty.

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Question Of The Day

Which among the following lakes is known as the only "Floating Islands Lake" in India? / निम्नलिखित झीलों में से कौन सी झील भारत में एकमात्र "फ्लोटिंग आइलैंड्स झील" के रूप में जानी जाती है?


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