The Hindu Vocabulary 13 April 2023

2023-04-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 April 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Ready, or not: On rising numbers of COVID-19 cases and India’s state of preparedness.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Preparedness

Noun

The state of being prepared.

The state of preparation.

(तत्परता)

Alertness, Mobility, Preparation, Zeal

-

Sudden problems test our preparedness against tough situations.

Clairvoyance

Noun

The power of discerning objects not present to the senses.

The supernatural power of seeing actions or objects removed in space from natural viewing.

(पेशनीगोई/ चीज़ों की तह तक प्रवेश करने की शक्ति/ अतीन्द्रिय दृष्टि/ दिव्य दृष्टि) 

Discernment, Feeling, Foreknowledge, Insight, Omen 

Ignorance, Stupidity

I had to believe in clairvoyance after she told me so many things about my grandmother.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

The lawyer is looking for evidence against the accused.

Post Facto

Noun

After the fact.

(कार्योत्तर मंजूरी)

Done Afterward, Posterior, Retroactive, Subsequent

-

The ex post facto law was amended.

Lineage

Verb

Lineal descent from an ancestor.

The line of descendants of a particular ancestor.

(वंशावली/ वंश)

Clan, Descent, Genealogy, Origin

Parent

She traced her lineage to the early visitors of the town.

Proliferation

Noun

The growth of cells by multiplication of parts.

A rapid spread or increase.

A great number.

(प्रसार/ फैलाव/ तीव्र वृद्धि/ संतान में बढ़ाव/ प्रजनन)

Generation, Propagation, Reproduction, Procreation, Expansion, Spread

Stagnation

These days almost all elections are won or lost by the proliferation of hope.

Virulent

Adjective

Marked by a rapid and destructive course.

Extremely poisonous.

Actively poisonous.

Violently hostile.

(विषैला/ जहरीला/ विषालु/ द्वेषपूर्ण)

Deadly, Destructive, fatal, Malignant, Pernicious, Acrimonious, Bitter, Hateful, Malicious, Rancorous

Harmless, Healthful, Helpful, Wholesome, Friendly, Good, Kind, Nice, Pleasant, Gentle

He got a virulent insect bite.

Scarcely

Verb

Not quite.

Definitely not.

By a narrow margin.

Probably not.

(शायद ही/ कठिनता से/ कदाचित ही)

Hardly, Rarely, Imperceptibly, Infrequently, Seldom, Just

Frequently, Commonly, Sufficiently, Adequately

The population in our village is scarcely located.

Strain

Noun

A group of presumed common ancestry with clear-cut physiological but usually morphological distinctions.

(प्रजनन द्वारा विकसित किसी जानवर या पौधे की नस्ल, स्टॉक या किस्म।)

Breed, Blood, Descent, Extraction

-

Many new strains of coronavirus are arising.

Traumatic

Adjective

Physiologically painful.

Emotionally stressful in a way that can lead to serious mental and emotional problems.

(घाव/ घाव-संबंधी/ ज़ख़मी-संबंधी)

Alarming, Appalling, Atrocious, Awesome

Calming, Comforting, Pleasing

He was dealing with a traumatic situation of a loss of a loved one.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The number of cases of the pandemic are arising for the last few weeks.

Toll

Noun

A tax paid for some privilege.

Compensation for services rendered.

A grievous price.

The number of deaths, casualties, or injuries arising from particular circumstances.

(टोल/ पथ कर)

Cost, Expense, Levy, Payment

-

The toll was very high that you cannot use the highway for small routes.

Verb

To take a toll.

To impose a tax on a person.

(टोल वसूलना)

 

Clang, Announce, Bell, Bond

Conceal, Refrain

The minister has opposed tolling roads older than 10 years.

Realm

Noun

Kingdom.

Sphere.

A primary marine division of the earth’s surface.

(क्षेत्र/ राज)

Dimension, Domain, Field, Sphere, Area, Arena, Circle, Demesne

Sky

James Webb Space Telescope is making discoveries that will help in the realm of space research.

Inevitable

Adjective

Certain to happen.

Unavoidable

(अनिवार्य)

Unavoidable, Inescapable, Certain, Inexorable, Unpreventable

Avoidable, Uncertain, Needless, Preventable

It is inevitable to get bitten by a mosquito if you wear a half t-shirt.

Naive

Adjective

Person or action showing a lack of experience, wisdom, or judgment.

(अनाड़ी)

Innocent, Simple, Sincere, Ignorant

Aware, Knowledgeable, Sophisticated, Skeptical

Vishakha had a naïve look when she smiled.

Acute

Adjective

Sharp or severe in effect.

Extremely serious.

Sharp in intellect.

Sharp at the end.

(तीव्र/ विकट/ नोकीला/ प्रखर)

Intense, Keen, Sharp, Subtle

Blunt, Calm, Dull, Forthright

He was suffering from acute pain.

Compliance

Noun

The act of complying with a desire.

A disposition to yield to others.

Conformity or accordance.

Cooperation or obedience.

Do what is required to do.

(अनुपालन/ क़बूल/ इजाज़त/ अनुमति/ पालन/ स्वीकृति)

Conformity, Consent, Acquiescence, Amenability, Assent, Complaisance, Concession, Concurrence, Deference, Docility

Difference, Disagreement, Refusal, Disobedience, Rebellion, Resistance, Defiance, Denial, Dissension, Dissent

The factory was fined for not making the product in compliance with the safety standards.

Adequate

Adjective

As much as necessary.

Barely sufficient.

(पर्याप्त)

Acceptable, Decent, Fine, Capable, Competent, Decent, Satisfactory, Comfortable

Inadequate, Poor, Inappropriate, Unable, Incapable, Incompetent, Inept, Insufficient

He has adequate evidence against the culprit.

Complacence

Noun

A feeling of quiet pleasure or security.

Calm or secure satisfaction with oneself.

(प्रसन्नता/ शालीनता/ आत्मिकशांति/ सुखपुर्ण शांति)

Arrogance, Complacency, Consequence, Immodesty

Humility, Modesty, Meekness, Shyness

The overwhelming economic strength of a nation leads to complacence.

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What is the shortcut key for the central alignment of a line or text in MS Office software? / एमएस ऑफिस सॉफ़्टवेयर में किसी पंक्ति या टेक्स्ट के केंद्रीय संरेखण के लिए शॉर्टकट कुंजी क्या है?


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