The Hindu Vocabulary 12 April 2023

2023-04-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 April 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Safeguards and procedures: On India’s preventive detention laws.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Safeguard

Noun

A measure taken to protect someone or something or to prevent something undesirable.

(रक्षा)

Security, Shield, Aegis, Armament, Bulwark, Buffer

Endangerment, Harm, Injury

There are many safeguards in the border region.

Verb

Protect from harm or damage with an appropriate measure.

(बचाव करना)

Assure, Conserve, Defend, Ensure, Preserve, Shield

Endanger, Hurt, Uncover, Destroy, Disregard

I did everything to safeguard my property.

Procedure

Noun

An act or manner of proceeding in any process.

A particular course of action.

(प्रक्रिया/ कार्यप्रणाली/ कार्यपद्धति/ कानूनी व्यवहार) 

Action, Agenda, Conduct, Form, Measure, Method, Move, Operation, Plan, Policy 

Idleness, Ignorance, Inaction, Inactivity

He followed all the procedures.

Detention

Noun

The action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody.

(निरोध)

Custody, Imprisonment, Confinement, Internment

Relaxation, Relieved, Composure, Calm

He has been in detention for a month.

Colonial

Noun

An inhabitant of a colony.

(उपनिवेश बसानेवाला/ उपनिवेश संबंधी)

Colonist, Colonizer, Frontersman, Homesteader

-

Many British colonial families decided to stay in India.

Adjective

Composed of colonies.

Existing in the colony.

Made during a colonial period.

(औपनिवेशिक/ उपनिवेशी)

Crude, Dependent, Dominion, Emigrant

Gentle, Modern, Sophisticated

Colonial administrations were modern and farsighted.

Confer

Verb

Grant or bestow (a title, degree, benefit, or right).

(प्रदान करना)

Bestow on, Present with, Grant to, Award to

Keep quiet, Refuse, Dishonor, Taking

I was conferred with an award and a cheque.

Arbitrary

Adjective

Existing by chance or unreasonable act of will.

Not restrained in the exercise of power.

Subject to individual judgment without restriction.

Having unlimited power.

(मनमाना/ विवेकाधीन/ एकपक्षीय)

Capricious, Discretionary, Erratic, Frivolous, Inconsistent, Irrational, Irresponsible, Random, Subjective, Autocratic, Absolute, Bossy, Despotic

Consistent, Definite, Regular, Reliable, Sensible, Dependable, Logical, Reasonable, Circumspect, Rational, Democratic

The administrated took an arbitrary decision.

Iteration

Noun

Execution of the repeated sequence of events.

(यात्रा/ पुनरावृत्तियों)

Emphasis, Repetition, Renewal, Replay

Decrease, Increase, Norepiting

I wrote an algorithm to perform the iteration in an efficient manner.

Perennial

Noun

A perennial plant.

Something that is continuing.

(बारहमासी पौधा/ बहुऋतुजीवी पौधा)

-

-

Some herbs plants are perennial.

Adjective

Lasting for an indefinitely long time.

(चिरस्थायी/ नित्य)

Chronic, Continual, Continuing, Eternal

Ceasing, Ending, Halting, Infrequent

Perennial crime has been a problem in the region.

Apex

Noun

The uppermost point.

The highest point.

(सर्वोच्च/ चोटी)

Acme, Apogee, Capstone, Nadir, Crest, Meridian, Pinnacle, Crown

Base, Bottom, Nadir

Rinku Singh is at the apex of his career.

Consolation

Noun

The act of alleviating the grief of someone.

(सांत्वना)

Comfort, Compassion, Encouragement, Pity

Disdain, Indifference, Mercilessness, Stop

He found consolation in meeting his wife after the operation.

Scrutinise

Verb

To examine closely with critical attention.

To conduct scrutiny.

(ताकना/ देखना/ जाँचना/ अनुसंधान करना/ संवीक्षा करना/ छानबीन करना)

Analyze, Check, Comb, Consider, Dissect, Explore, Inspect, Investigate, Peruse, Scan

Forget, Ignore, Neglect, Misunderstand

He has a habit of scrutinizing every move of his siblings.

Detenu

Noun

Any person detained in a prison by the order of the competent authority under the preventive laws.

(निवारक कानूनों के तहत सक्षम प्राधिकारी के आदेश से जेल में बंद कोई भी व्यक्ति।)

-

-

The Court was hearing the case of the detenu.

 

Unintentionally reveal

(प्रकट करना)

 

Reveal, Evince, Disclose, Manifest, Show, Inform

Conceal, Cover, Hide, Withhold

He betrayed her secret while he was drunk.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

(उदाहरण)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

Rahul asked me if I can keep this instance a secret.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

My friend instanced his driving on the hill while we discussed driving in hilly regions.

Invocation

Noun

The act of invoking a deity.

Any petition for help.

(मंगलाचरण/ आह्वान/ वंदन)

Abracadabra, Conjuration, Glamour, Spell

Revocation

His repeated invocations have finally worked out.

Bootlegger

Noun

One who bootlegs something such as liquor.

A person who makes or sells liquor illegally.

(मद्यतस्कर/ चोर विक्रेता)

Moonshiner, Rumrunner

-

The police have detained the bootlegger named Brian.

Ambit

Noun

Circumference or circuit.

The limits of a place.

A sphere of operation or scope.

(सीमा/ परिधि/ मंडल/ चक्र)

Boundary, Extension, Range, Scope, Bounds, Compass, Amplitude, Breadth, Confines, Reach, Scope, Sweep

-

The matter does not come under our ambit.

Curb

 

Noun

A raised edge or margin to confine.

Anything that restrains or confines.

(रोक/ प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Constraint, Limitation

Free, Ignore, Freedom, Encouragement

The couple enjoyed the view from the curb at the hilltop.

Verb

To control or restrain.

(नियंत्रण करना)

Bridle, Check, Constrain, Control, Govern, Inhibit

Lose, Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The number of traders trading in the market will be curbed after the new policy.

Unfetter

Verb

To release from fetters.

To liberate.

(मुक्त/ निकालना/ छुड़ाना/ बचाना)

Liberate, Loosen, Affranchise, Deliver, Acquit, Clear, Discharge, Dismiss

Employ, Engage, Hire, Hold, Injure, Keep, Maintain, Bind, Detain, Hold, Imprison, Incarcerate

The court has ordered to unfetter the prisoner.

Discretion

Noun

The freedom to decide what should be done in a particular situation.

(निर्णय)

Choice, Option, Judgement, Preference, Disposition, Wariness

Indiscretion, Rashness, Irresponsibility, Haste, Recklessness

It’s your discretion whether you want to move to Denmark or not.

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