The Hindu Vocabulary 12 October 2022

2022-10-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Ordinary men: On the Aam Aadmi Party’s Hindu politics’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Ordinary

Adjective

Of no special quality.

(साधारण/ आम/ रायज/ प्रचलित)

Everyday, Natural, Normal, Traditional

Abnormal, Different, Uncommon, Unconventional

He is an ordinary man.

Footprint

Noun

The impression left by a foot or shoe on the ground or a surface.

(पदचिह्न)

The area occupied or affected by something

Footstep, Impression, Imprint, Track

-

Jacob was simply following the footprints of his father.

Cradle

Verb

To place or keep in or as if in a cradle


hold gently and protectively

(धीरे और सुरक्षात्मक रूप से पकड़ना)

Lull, Nestle, Nourish, Support, Tend

Abandon, Ignore, Neglect

My sister-in-law cradled the baby.

Capitalize

Verb

To write in capital letters.

To authorize a certain amount to be used as capital.

To issue stock as a dividend.

To take advantage of something.

(मूल बनाना/ पूंजी की भांति बरतना/ पूँजीकरण करना/ पूंजी रूप में प्रयोग करना)

Bankroll, Endow, Finance, Fund, Exploit, Gain

Forfeit, Lose, Defund

The venture was capitalized with a fund of one billion dollars.

Ambition

Noun

Strong desire for success

(महत्वाकांक्षा)

Appetite, Aspiration, Desire, Energy, Enthusiasm, Hope

Apathy, Aversion, Disgust, Dislike, Hate

His ambitions are realistic and I hope that he achieves them.

Emerge

Verb

Come out

To come into existence.

To rise or come forth from water or other liquid.

(उभरना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive, Arise, Surface, Rise, Dawn

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall, Hide, Leave, Lessen, fall

He emerged from nowhere and greeted me.

Anti-Incumbency

Noun

Sentiment in favor of voting out incumbent politicians

(विरोधी लहर)

-

-

The anti-incumbency effect has not influenced Gujarat Assembly elections for two decades.

Palatable

Adjective

Acceptable to the taste.

(स्वादिष्ट)

Acceptable, Agreeable, Appetizing, Attractive

Disagreeable, Repulsive, Unacceptable, Unattractive

My wife cooked palatable food on the occasion of Diwali.

Credential

Noun

Evidence or authority of status.

Certified documents or information that identifies an account.

(साख/ स्थिति का प्रमाण या अधिकार/ प्रमाणित दस्तावेज़ या जानकारी जो किसी खाते की पहचान करती है।)

Authentic, Conceivable, Convincing, Credible, Persuasive, Plausible, Authorization, Certification

Implausible, Improbable, Inconceivable, Incredible, Breach, Break

Guards will allow only those with proper credentials.

Verb

To give credentials to someone for academic or professional purposes.

(शैक्षणिक या व्यावसायिक उद्देश्यों के लिए किसी को साख देना।)

-

-

Rajesh has been credentialed to serve in the Ministry.

Adjective

Providing the basis of confidence.

(विश्वास का आधार प्रदान करना।)

-

-

All credential holders were asked to wear the badges and T-shirts given by the management.

Disown

Verb

To refuse to acknowledge oneself.

(अस्वीकार करना)

Contradict, Deny, Disaffirm, Disallow, Disavow, Negate, Refute, Repudiate

Acknowledge, Admit, Allow, Avow

She disowned his pet animals.

Expulsion

Noun

The act of expelling.

(निष्कासन)

Banishment, Discharge, Displacement, Ejection

Admittance, Inclusion, Welcome, Import

My mother was tense because of my expulsion from college.

Governance

Noun

The act of governing a country or organization.

A method of government.

(शासन)

Administration, Control, Law, Politics

Impotence, Opposition, Surrender, Incapacity

Narendra Modi has shown a different kind of governance.

Transparency

Noun

The quality to see through something.

(पारदर्शिता)

Clarity, Clearness, Limpidity, Lucency

Cloudiness, Opacity, Turbidity, Turbidness

There should be proper transparency in the governance.

Accountability

Noun

The fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility.

(जवाबदेही)

Responsibility, Liability, Answerability, Reporting, Obedience

-

You have to define whose accountability it will be in case of any mishappening.

Entice

Verb

To lead or attract by exciting hope.

(लुभाना/ ललचाना)

Attract, Beguile, Cajole, Coax

Repel, Repulse, Disenchant, Disgust

They were enticed towards opening a gym to earn money.

Brazen

Adjective

Unashamed

Made of brass

(बेशर्म/ तांबे का)

Audacious, Blatant, Impudent, Shameless

Humble, Meek, Quiet, Timid

My mother bought brazen cups from the mall.

Verb

To face a difficult situation with confidence.

(आत्मविश्वास के साथ व्यवहार करके एक कठिन स्थिति का सामना करना ।)

Beard, Brave, Face, Confront

Dodge, Duck, Funk, Shork

He was ready to brazen any criticism that his movie may face.

Subservience

Noun

The fact of serving in a subordinate role.

Willingness to obey others without question.

(मातहती/ उपयोगिता/ चापलूसी/ अधीनता)

Helplessness, Bashfulness, Demureness, Orderliness

Disagreement, Disregard, Fight, Dishonour

There is no hierarchy or subservience in religious service.

Scrutiny

Noun

Critical observation or examination.

(छानबीन)

Inspection, Survey, Scan, Study

-

Every move of yours is under the scrutiny of the Income Tax department.

Falter

Verb

To hesitate in speech, action or intent.

To walk unsteadily.

(लड़खड़ाना)

Balance, Dither, Scruple, Teeter, Anile, Senile

Certain, Clear, Decisive, Definite

The Share Market is giving signs that say the economy is faltering.

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Which of the following is not among the Padma Vibhushan Awardee 2023?