The Hindu Vocabulary 13 October 2022

2022-10-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Winter is coming: On IMF’s warning.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

The CEO sent the manager outside since his phone was ringing repeatedly amid the meeting.

Impulse

Noun

The influence of a particular feeling.

Sudden prompt to action.

(आवेग/ संवेग/ लालसा/ प्रेरणा)

Desire, Feeling, Inclination, Influence, Impetus, Movement, Pulse, Vibration

Concrete, Discouragement, Dislike, Hate, Pull

He is not able to control his impulses.

Adjective

Marked by acting on impulse.

(आवेग में आके कुछ करना)

-

-

Sheela is an impulse buyer.

Outlook

Verb

View

Mental attitude.

Prospect of the future.

The place from where an observer looks.

(देखना)

Prospect, Aspect, Scene, Exposure

Neglect, Avoid, Ignore, Expel, Dismiss, Disregard

India’s economic outlook is being downgraded by many rating agencies.

Retain

Verb

To keep intact.

(बनाए रखा)

Maintain, Save, Hold, Keep

Release, Relinquish, Surrender, Yield

Rohit Sharma managed to retain his position as a Captain.

Recession

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

Many experts are predicting that a recession is near.

Caution

Noun

Alertness and prudence in a hazardous situation to minimize risk.

A person or thing that astonishes apprehension.

Care taken to avoid danger.

A warning against danger.

(चेतावनी/ सावधानी/सतर्कता/ एहतियात)

Attention, Care, Discretion, Foresight, Advice, Caveat, Counsel, Gingerliness

Carelessness, Indiscretion, Neglect, Disregard, Ignorance, Heedlessness, Imprudence

My mother always cautions me before going out in a car to drive slowly.

Verb

To give a warning to someone to be careful.

(चेतावनी देना/ सजग करना/ सचेत करना/ आगाह करना)

Admonish, Alert, Exhort, Forewarn

Imperil, Risk

I cautioned her before investing in Mutual Funds.

Monetary

Adjective

Relating to coinage or currency of a country.

Relating to money.

(मुद्रा/ मुद्रा-संबंधी)

Financial, Fiscal, Pecuniary, Pocket

Nonfinancial

His bad decisions have incurred monetary losses to the organization.

Curb

Noun

A raised edge or margin to confine.

Anything that restrains or confines.

(रोक/ प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Constraint, Limitation

Free, Ignore, Freedom, Encouragement

I sat at the curb with my wife.

Verb

To control or restrain.

(नियंत्रण करना)

Bridle, Check, Constrain, Control, Govern, Inhibit

Lose, Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The number of people who can enter the premises has been curbed because of Social distancing.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

It is the poor who are affected most by inflation.

Stubbornly

Adverb

In a manner that shows determination to not change one’s position on something.

(हठ/ हठपूर्वक)

Determinedly, Doggedly, Firmly, Resolutely

-

The unemployment rate is stubbornly high.

Mandarin

Noun

A powerful official or senior bureaucrat, especially one perceived as reactionary and secretive.

(नौकरशाह)

 

Bureaucrat, Civil Servant, Functionary, Public Servant

-

The mandarins are not able to control inflation through policymaking.

Prognosis

Noun

A forecast.

An estimate of the future.

(प्रमुख/ प्रसिद्ध/ महत्त्वपूर्ण/ प्रधान)

Diagnosis, Prediction, Prognostication, Projection

Calculation, Measurement

The specialist saw the reports and reached the prognosis.

Fragilities

Noun

The quality of being easily broken or damaged.

(भंगुरता/ कोमलता)

Frailty, Brittleness, Delicacy, Tenderness

-

The movie is based on the fragility of emotions.

Optimism

Noun

An attitude reflecting a belief or hope that the outcome of some specific endeavour.

(आशावाद)

Certainty, Anticipation, Trust, Cheerfulness, Easiness

Depression, Distrust, Fear, Uncertainty, Gloom

Indian households are filled with optimism.

Prospect

Noun

The act of looking forward.

A place that commands an extensive view.

The outlook of the future for someone or something.

(आशा/ आलोक)

Anticipation, Chance, Expectation

Hopelessness, Impossibility

You have a good prospect if you prepare well for the exams.

Resurgence

Noun

The act of rising again.

(पुनरुत्थान/ पुनर्जीवन)

Comeback, Rebirth, Rebound, Recovery

Failure

Police are worried about the resurgence of violence under such strict rules.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

Jaundice in the newborn baby was a concern for her parents.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

All these superstitions do not concern me at all.

Assertion

Noun

A positive statement.

A positive statement was made without evidence.

(बल देकर कहना/ अभिकथन)

Affirmation, Allegation, Contention, Insistence

Denial, rejection

There are still some people who make an assertion based on superstitions.

Suffice

Verb

Be adequate

(पर्याप्त)

Enough, Satisfy, Answer, Avail

Displease, Refuse, Miss, Dissatisfy

Your phone call will suffice, there is no need to send the invitation card.

Forecast

Noun

An estimate of a future happening in advance.

(पूर्वानुमान)

Cast, Prediction, Soothsaying, Vaticination, Calculation, Estimate, Outlook, Prognosis

Hindsight, Ignorance, Thoughtfulness

There is a forecast of rain and hailstorm in the coming week.

Verb

To estimate a future happening in advance.

To predict.

(पूर्वानुमान करना)

Anticipate, Augur, Calculate, Conclude

Begin, Start, Doubt, Misunderstand

They forecasted a win for Donald Trump.

Navigate

Verb

To direct or manage (a ship, aircraft, or guided missile) on its course.

(संचालन करना)

Cross, Cruise, Handle, Maneuver, Sail, Captain, Direct

Neglect, Forget

We navigated the lake in the afternoon.

Falter

Verb

To hesitate in speech, action or intent.

To walk unsteadily.

(लड़खड़ाना)

Balance, Dither, Scruple, Teeter, Anile, Senile

Certain, Clear, Decisive, Definite

He was already faltering after two shots and still, he took two more shots.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

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