The Hindu Vocabulary 14 October 2022

2022-10-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘In preparation: On the 36th National Games.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Splurge

Verb

To indulge oneself in some luxury.

To show off.

(डींग मारना/ शेख़ी करना)

Binge, Celebrate, Fling, Rampage

Hoard, Save

For anyone who wants to splurge on a watch, this is the one.

Noun

An ostentatious display.

An ostentatious expenditure.

(शेख़ी/ डींग)

-

-

I don’t find a luxury car worthy of a splurge.

Reiterate

Verb

To say something again or several times, typically for emphasis or clarity.

(दोहराना/ बारम्बार दुहराना)

Repeat, Restate, Retell, Recapitulate, Echo, Renew, Ingeminate, Recap

Ignore, Avoid, Distract, Neglect

He reiterated his idea to everyone in the room.

Tandem

Noun

A group of two or more acting in conjunction.

(मिलकर)

Club, Company, Gang, Lineup

Individual, Single, One, Alone

Grassland and cheetah repopulation will flourish in tandem.

Studded

Adjective

Decorate with something.

(जड़ा हुआ)

Carpeted, Dotted, Overgrown, Bejeweled

Bare, Empty, Exposed, Open

The party was star-studded and my friend felt left out among such celebrities.

Tumble

Verb

Fall suddenly clumsily or headlong.

(गिरना)

 

Drop, Descend, Dip, Slip, Skid

Ascend, Increase, Go up, Rise

News saying that the USA may ban Russian Aluminium has tumbled the stock prices of Russian Metal companies.

Dominance

Noun

Control or influence.

The state of being dominant.

(प्रभाव/ प्रधानता/ प्राबल्य/ प्राबल्य)

Control, Domination, Influence, Power

Impotence, Incapacity, Powerlessness, Submission

The dominance of Sachin Tendulkar over bowlers was unmatched.

Verb

To give a warning to someone to be careful.

(चेतावनी देना/ सजग करना/ सचेत करना/ आगाह करना)

Admonish, Alert, Exhort, Forewarn

Imperil, Risk

I cautioned her before investing in Mutual Funds.

Hog

Verb

Keep or use all of (something) for oneself in an unfair or selfish way.

(अपने लिए (कुछ) अनुचित या स्वार्थी तरीके से रखना या उपयोग करना।)

Gobble up, Monopolize, Be greedy, Grab all of

-

Henry hogged all the limelight after his performance.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Despite all his efforts, his children were not ready to go to boarding school.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting them.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Her friend was upset because of despite.

Criticism

Noun

The act of criticizing usually favourably.

The act of evaluating some work.

The expression of disapproval of someone or something on perceived mistakes.

The act of passing judgments on the merits of anything.

A critical comment.

A method of studying texts to reconstruct them.

(आलोचना/ समालोचना/ छिद्रान्वेषण/ समीक्षा)

Assessment, Comment, Critique, Judgment, Denunciation, Objection, Animadversion, Aspersion

Heedlessness, Compliment, Neglect, Approval, Estimation, Flattery, Praise, Sanction

He was not able to handle his criticism well.

Baton

Noun

A rod of lightweight metal filled with a weighted metal at both ends.

A slender rod with a leader directs a band.

A staff borne as a symbol of office.

A hollow cylinder rod carried by each member of a relay team and passed on to the next runner.

(छड़ी/ डंडा)

Cudgel, Mace, Nightstick, Rod

-

The Police have beaten his friend with batons.

Infrastructure

Noun

The fundamental facilities serving an area as transportation, schools, power plants, residences, etc.

The basic framework of a system.

The permanent installations required for a military operation.

(आधारभूत संरचना/ पूर्वावश्यकता/ भूमिकारूप व्यवस्था)

Architecture, Armature, Cadre, Configuration, Edifice, Fabric, Frame, Skeleton, Base, Groundwork, Framework

-

The government is improving the infrastructure of tourist places.

Replicate

Verb

Make an exact copy of

(पुन: पेश)

Copy, Reproduce, Duplicate, Imitate, Reflect

-

The 3D printer replicated the pen’s design within seconds.

Noun

A close or exact copy

(सटीक प्रति)

-

-

Both the twins were replicate of each other.

Adjective

Of the nature of a copy

(प्रतिकृति)

-

-

The winner was upset because he was awarded a replicated trophy.

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