The Hindu Vocabulary 14 September 2022

2022-09-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Part of a pattern: On Varanasi court verdict in Gyanvapi case.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Verdict

Noun

The finding of a jury on a matter.

A decision.

(निर्णय/ अधिमत)

Answer, Award, Conclusion, Decision

Accusation

We have reached a verdict and are planning to announce it tomorrow.

Toehold

Verb

Support for the toes.

Any slight or initial support.

(मज़बूत बनाना/ प्रबल करना/शक्तिशाली बनना/ पुष्ट करना)

Footing, Niche, Perch, Crevice

-

His knowledge of the C language gave him a toehold for learning python.

Revanchism

Noun

A foreign policy aimed at revenge.

(बदला लेने के उद्देश्य से एक विदेश नीति।)

-

-

Chinese revanchism finds a way through fear and terror over the weaker sections.

Maintainability

Noun

The facility with which something can be maintained.

(रख-रखाव)

-

-

It would be tough for us to cater to the maintainability of the premises.

Significance

Noun

The quality of being worthy of attention; importance.

(महत्व)

Importance, Noteworthiness, Seriousness, Obviousness, Matter, Relevance

Insignificance, Disregard, Disrespect, Imperfection, Weakness

The words you speak in the court have a larger significance than the words you speak anywhere else.

Prohibit

Verb

To forbid an action or activity by authority or law.

(निषेध)

Ban, Bar, Enjoin, Forbid, Outlaw

Allow, Let, Permit, Suffer, Assist, Continue, Facilitate, Push

Taking drugs is prohibited by law.

Consonance

Noun

Accord or agreement.

Harmony among components.

(अनुरूप/ तालमेल/ मरण)

Conformity, Accord, Chime, Chorus

Disagreement, Discord, Disunity, Dissonance

His beliefs are in consonance with our leader’s views.

Plaintiff

Noun

A person who brings legal action.

(वादी/ अभियोगी/ मुद्दई)

Complainant, Litigant, Prosecutor, Suer

Defendant

The judge asked the plaintiff’s lawyer to present evidence otherwise case will be rejected.

Assertion

Noun

A positive statement.

A positive statement was made without evidence.

(बल देकर कहना/ अभिकथन)

Affirmation, Allegation, Contention, Insistence

Denial, rejection

Some people in the village made an assertion that taking a bath in the holy pond will cure fever.

Customary

Noun

Established as per custom rather than law.

(प्रथागत)

Accepted, Traditional, Accustomed, Acknowledged

Abnormal, Different, Irregular, Occasional

He follows customary traditions and properly performs customary acts of courtesy.

Encroach

Verb

To advance beyond the proper limits.

To enter by gradual steps into the possessions of others.

(अतिक्रमण करना/ अनधिकार प्रवेश करना/ दबा लेना/ अधिक्रमण करना)

Impinge, Infringe, Intrude, Trespass

Give, Ignore

If you get involved in a startup, your work time will encroach on your family time.

Facade

Noun

The front of a building.

A false appearance.

(मुखौटा/ मोहरा)

Colour, Exterior, Front, Veneer

Reality, Truth, Character, Personality

I think my brother and his wife are just trying to preserve a façade of a happy marriage.

Litigation

Noun

The process of taking legal action

(मुकदमेबाज़ी)

Action, Case, Dispute, Lawsuit, Prosecution

-

If he takes any illegal steps, I am going to file litigation against him.

Pendency

Noun

The state of being pending.

(लम्बित)

-

-

The pendency of the payments on time is causing issues.

Vitiation

Noun

A change in process that impairs efficiency.

(ख़राबी/ बिगाड़)

Abrogation, Annulment, Dissolution, Elimination, Abolition, Breakup

Approval, Confirmation, Establishment, Enactment

Religious disputes result in the vitiation of peace and harmony in the community.

Enactment

Noun

The act of enacting.

A single provision of law.

(कानून/ अधिनियम/ अधिनियमिति/ अधिनियमित करना)

Achievement, Acting, Depiction, Legislation, Proclamation, Ratification

Failure, Neglect, Block, Disallowance, Disorganization, Lawlessness

After enactment by the Parliament, the Green Belt area’s greenery will remain conserved.

Stem

Noun

The plant part that supports the other parts.

The main body of the tree that is above ground.

The bow of a ship.

A cut flower.

(तना/ डंठल/ पतली डंडी/ प्रातिपदिका)

Branch, Trunk, Pedicel, Pedicle, Peduncle, Axis

Root

The plant stem grew into our house wall.

Verb

To originate.

To cause something.

To make headway against something such as tide or wind.

To restrain oneself.

(पैदा होना/ उत्पन्न होना/ उठना/ प्रतिबंध करना)

Arise, Derive, Head, Issue, Originate, Proceed, Emanate, Develop, Flow, Contain, Curb, Hinder, Resist

Cease, Lessen, Decrease, End, Halt, Repress, Stop, Abet, Aid, Assist, Liberate, Encourage

The Stock Market crash stemmed from the negative news.

Tandem

Noun

A group of two or more acting in conjunction.

(मिलकर)

Club, Company, Gang, Lineup

Individual, Single, One, Alone

Our project team consists of a tandem of skilled workers.

Petition

Noun

A formal drawn request bearing the names of those making requests to some higher authority demanding some favour, right, or mercy.

(याचिका/ प्रार्थना/ गिड़गिड़ाहट/ सिफ़ारिश)

Application, Prayer, Request, Suit

-

He submitted a petition for justice at the Police Station.

Frenzy

Noun

A state of extreme mental agitation.

A burst of agitated activity.

(उन्माद/ आवेश/ पागलपन/ सनक)

Burst, Craze, Excitement, Fever

Calm, Calmness, Happiness, Harmony

Big businesses want their customers into a frenzy of anticipation about their new products.

Unregenerate

Adjective

Not regenerate.

Unconvinced by a particular religion.

Not reformed.

Persisting of prior convictions.

(पुनरुत्पादित)

Absolute, Blatant, Agnostic, Atheistic

Holy, Pious, Religious, Ashamed

He is an unregenerate sinner who does not care.

Spawn

Verb

To deposit spawn.

To produce in large numbers.

To generate.

(अंडे देना/ वंश का विस्तार होना/ कुलबुलाना)

Create, Generate, Father, Hatch

Destroy, Kill, Stop

This whole idea spawned controversy.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?