The Hindu Vocabulary 13 September 2022

2022-09-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Three to tangle: On U.S. refitting Pakistan F-16s.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Refitting

Verb

Replace or repair machinery, equipment, and fittings in (a ship, building, etc.)

(मरम्मत करना)

Ameliorate, Heal, Rebuild, Rectify, Renew, Rejuvenate, Repair

Break, Damage, Destroy, Hurt, Injure, Ruin

We called the plumber to refit our pipes.

Undermine

Verb

Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

(दुर्बल करना)

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Diminish

Push, Urge, Stimulate, Boost, Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

He tried to undermine my confidence before the exam.

Periodically

Adverb

At regular intervals of time.

(समय-समय/ घूम-घूम कर)

Annually, Regularly, Repeatedly, Systematically

Irregular

I asked my colleagues to check the reports periodically.

Refurbish

Verb

To brighten or freshen up

(क्षण भर के लिये/ इसी समय/ हर मिनट/ अस्थायी रूप से)

Renovate, Recondition, Rehabilitate, Revamp, Make over, Overhaul

-

I purchased a refurbished phone at a low cost.

Interlocutor

Noun

A person who takes part in a conversation. (वार्ताकार)

Interrogator, Questioner, Interviewer, Speaker

-

He was appointed an interlocutor in Jammu and Kashmir.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

Rahul is a critical asset to our company.

Apprehension

Noun

Anticipation of some misfortune in the future.

Fear of future evil.

Seizure by legal process.

(आशंका)

Alarm, Disquiet, Doubt, Dread, Booking, Capture, Awareness, Perception

Belief, Calm, Calmness, Certainty, Liberation, Release, Ignorance, Misunderstanding

He was in apprehension when he knew that his hemoglobin is low in recent times.

Thaw

Verb

To pass from a frozen to a semiliquid state.

To free from the physical effect of frost to a normal temperature.

(पिघलना/ गलना/ पिघलाव/ गलन)

Deliquesce, Flux, Fuse, Run

Harden, Set, Solidify

The sunlight thaws the snow.

Summon

Verb

Call people to attend (a meeting).

To call or order someone to be present for something specific.

(गवाही के लिये सम्मन देना/ आह़वान करना/ आयोजन करना/ पुकारना/ बुलवाना)

Convene, Call, Order, Revoke, Gather, Convoke, Assemble, Gather, Meet

Scatter, Answer, Free, Differentiate, Spread, Divide

Both parties are summoned by the Police Commissioner.

Stride

Noun

A long step.

A manner of striding.

A stage of progress.

(छलांग/ प्रगति/ तरक़्क़ी/ लंबा डग)

Stalk, Traipse, Tramp, Clump

Recess, Backwash, Retraction, Turnabout

They have made great strides to advance toward their goals.

Obstacle

Noun

Something that obstructs progress.

(व्यवधान/ बाधा/ रोध/अवरोध)

Bump, Difficulty, Disincentive, Handicap

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

She is a great obstacle to my progress.

Linger

Verb

To remain in a place longer than expected.

(दीर्घ काल तक रहना/ देर तक ठहरना/ सोच विचार करना/ विलंबित करना)

Dawdle, Drift, Idle, Remain, Persist, Stay, Survive, Wait

Cease, Forge, Go, Leave, Forward, Advance, Complete, Continue

They lingered at the party for a while.

Hare

Verb

To go swiftly. (तेजी से जाना)

Barrel, Belt, Buzz, Hasten

Crawl, Creep, Poke

He always looks like haring off to some emergency.

Hound

Noun

One of any breeds of dogs used for hunting by sight or scent.

A mean or despicable person.

(शिकारी कुत्ता)

Dog, Afghan, Beagle, Airedale, Dachshund, Mongrel, Basset, Canine

-

Sales hounds were irritating me.

Verb

To harass without respite.

To pursue as if with hounds.

To affect by persistent harassment.

(बिना राहत के परेशान करना।)

Annoy, Bother, Goad, Harass, Heckle, Harry, Hassle, Hunt, Impel, Hector, Persecute, Pester

Aid, Help, Ignore, Soothe, Support, Discourage, Dissuade, Please

She hounded her juniors in college.

Nourish

Verb

To nurture.

To promote the growth of something.

(लालन-पालन करना/ पोषण करना)

Cherish, Cultivate, Sustain, Tend

Abandon, Ignore, Neglect, Condemn

Plants get nourished through rain and soil.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?