The Hindu Vocabulary 12 September 2022

2022-09-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Nose dose: On nasal COVID-19 vaccine.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

Nowadays, nobody is taking pandemic seriously.

Punctuate

Verb

To divide something with punctuation marks in order to make meaning clear.

To interrupt at intervals.

(बीच में रोकना/ टोकना)

Interrupt, Intersperse, Pepper, Sprinkle

Collect, Gather, Agree, Attach

Claps punctuated the CEO’s speech.

Periodically

Adverb

At regular intervals of time.

(समय-समय/ घूम-घूम कर)

Annually, Regularly, Repeatedly, Systematically

Irregular

Our company offers internships periodically.

Plough

Verb

To turn the soil using a plow.

(हल चलाना/ हल जोतना)

Dig, Dress

Disorganize, Fill

We are planning to plough our land tomorrow.

Severity

Noun

The quality of being severe.

The condition of being very bad.

(तीव्रता/ कठोरता/ कठिनता/ क्रूरता) 

Harshness, Acerbity, Grimness, Sharpness, Austerity, Cruelty, Rigor, Hardness, Strictness, Unkindness

Gentility, Mildness, Softness, Pity, Kindness

She won’t understand the severity of the issue.

Retard

Verb

To make slow.

To be delayed.

(रोकना/ गति रोकना)

Choke off, Crimp, Decelerate, Hamper

Aid, Assist, Help, Promote

Fire extinguishers retard the spread of fire.

Transmission

Noun

The process of transmitting.

Something that is transmitted.

An instance of the passage of radio waves in the space between the transmitting and receiving stations.

(हस्तांतरण/ दे देना/ सौंपना/ ब्राडकास्ट)

Communication, Transportation, Conveyance, Hauling, Sending, Transference, Conduction, Program, Show, Gears, Broadcast, Delivery

Quiet

The transmission of signals in rainy weather is not fluent.

Spritz

Verb

To disperse a spray.

(एक स्प्रे फैलाना)

Flow, Fountain, Spout, Spray

Peace, Continuity

He spritzed saltin his lemonade.

Booster

Noun

Someone or something that boosts and acts as support.

(पहले से प्रशासित इंजेक्शन के प्रभाव को बढ़ाने के लिए प्रतिरक्षादमनकारी एजेंट)

Backer, Promoter, Protagonist, Supporter

Adversary, Opponent, Detractor

I have not taken the booster dose yet.

Jab

Verb

To poke sharply.

To poke with a sharp blow.

(प्रहार करना)

Dig, Punch

Discourage, Dissuade

He jabbed the break with the fork.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

The Judge asked the Police to present the evidences soon.

Heterogenous

Verb

Having its source outside the organism.

(विषमलैंगिक)

-

-

The heterogenous proteins are present in the blood.

Realm

Noun

Kingdom.

Sphere.

A primary marine division of the earth’s surface.

(क्षेत्र/ राज)

Dimension, Domain, Fielf, Sphere

Sky

Your idea seems to be in the realm of possibility.

Pursue

Verb

Follow (someone or something) in order to catch or attack them.

(पाने की कोशिश करना)

Chase, Course, Follow, Hound, Run, Shadow, Trace, Track, Trail

Guide, Lead, Pilot

My wife wants to pursue a career in Law.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?