The Hindu Vocabulary 11 September 2022

2022-09-11

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘AIADMK’s troubles.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Pursue

Verb

Follow (someone or something) in order to catch or attack them.

(पाने की कोशिश करना)

Chase, Course, Follow, Hound, Run, Shadow, Trace, Track, Trail

Guide, Lead, Pilot

My son Rahul is interested in pursuing a career in Law.

Overrule

Verb

To rule against the arguments.

To decide against the argument.

(रद्द/ विरुद्ध व्यवस्था देना/ उलटना)

Annul, Disallow, Invalidate, Nullify

Allow, Approve, Enforce, Keep

The Judge overruled an objection of prosecution.

Estrange

Verb

To turn away in feeling.

To remove to a distance.

(बहिष्कार करना/ बरतारफ़ करना/ चित फेर लेना/ परायापन)

Alienate, Divorce, Alien, Antagonize

Agree, Combine, Come, Connect

A quarrel between wives estranged the best friend’s friendship.

Momentarily

Adverb

For a moment.

At any moment.

(क्षण भर के लिये/ इसी समय/ हर मिनट/ अस्थायी रूप से)

Briefly, Immediately, Instantly, Temporarily

Eventually, Later, Permanently, Lengthily

He stopped momentarily while delivering the speech.

Deadlock

Noun

A state of neutralization resulting from the opposition of equally powerful persons.

(गतिरोध/ रोक/ गत्यवरोध/ संकट)

Stalemate, Gridlock, Plight, Predicament

Solution, Advantage, Continuation, Start

The Assembly has reached a deadlock over the Bill.

Verb

To come to a deadlock.

(गतिरोध में आना।)

-

-

The senior council has tried to deadlock the situation.

Interim

Noun

An intervening time.

A temporary or provisional arrangement.

An intervening time.

(अन्तरिम)

Meantime, Breach, Break, Breather, Hiatus, Downtime, Gap

Continuation, Continuity, Permanence

We are hiring interims to do basic jobs.

Adjective

Belonging to a temporary period.

(अन्तरिम का)

Provisional, Stopgap, Acting, Caretaker, Makeshift

Finished, Permanent, Continual, Permanent

You are providing an interim solution to the problem.

Elucidate

Verb

To make clear.

To provide clarification.

(स्पष्ट करना/ विशद करना)

Decode, Enlighten, Exemplify, Explicate

Cloud, Complicate, Confuse, Obscure

The teacher asked me to elucidate the text that I write in the homework.

Truce

Noun

A suspension of hostilities by mutual agreement of the parties involved.

A temporary respite.

(युद्धविराम संधि)

Accord, Amnesty, Lull, Peace

Continuation, War, Disagreement, Persistence

Bangladesh was formed after an uneasy truce between Indian and Pakistan Armed forces.

Verb

To make a peace treaty.

(शांति संधि करना)

-

-

I have finally truced with my opponent.

Underscore

Verb

To emphasize.

(ज़ोर देना)

Highlight, Spotlight, Stress, Weight, Accentuate, Prioritize

Understate, Play down, Downplay, Underrate

The Manager underscored the points in the report.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

Every party is eyeing a clear public mandate in the upcoming elections.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The wearing of the seat belt in the back seat of a car has been mandated by the authorities.

Ratify

Noun

To confirm by expressing consent.

(पुष्टि करना/ स्थिर करना/ विशोधन करना/ संपुष्टि करना)

Approve, Confirm, Endorse, Establish

Deny, Destroy, Disagree, Disapprove

Both nations have ratified the treaty.

Status quo

Noun

Current situation

(यथास्थिति)

State of affairs, Status, No Change

-

The CEO has asked about the status quo of the project.

Contemplate

Verb

Think about something seriously

(मनन)

Aim, Consider, Envisage, Forsee, Intend, Mull over, Mean

Forget, Reject, Ignore, Disregard, Neglect

We contemplated the vastness of our planet.

Loggerhead

Noun

A thick-headed or stupid person.

(लंठ/ मूर्ख)

Tortoise. Chelonian, Cooter, Snapper

Brain, Genius

He is such a loggerhead that he could not even recall his work.

Loophole

Verb

To furnish with loopholes.

(खामियों के साथ प्रस्तुत करने के लिए।)

-

-

He loopholed many departments by hacking their websites.

Noun

A means of escape or evading a law.

A small opening in a wall for looking through.

An opening or aperture.

(बचाव का रास्ता)

Alternative, Technicality, Outlet, Break, Keyhole, Exit, Inlet, Slit, Intake, Wormhole, Space

Fill, Patch, Plug, Seal, Barrier, Obstacle, Obstruction

He is someone who knows each loophole in the system.

Convene

Verb

To come together for a meeting

(आयोजित करना) 

Assemble, Gather, Open, Gamble, Summon

Disperse, Divide, Separate, Cancel

We convened at a five-star hotel for the seminar.

Rely

Verb

To be dependent.

To have confidence in someone or something.

(भरोसा करना)

Calculate, Count, Entrust, Expect, Hope, Lean

Distrust, Mistrust, Question, Subject

As per my experience, you can rely on Deepti’s work.

Fortify

Verb

To make strong by strengthening or securing a place.

To add mental or moral strength to someone.

To make strong.

(दृढ़ करना/ मजबूत करना)

Brace, Buttress, Consolidate, Entrench, Protect, Reinforce, Secure, Invigorate, Energize, Restore, Strengthen

Harm, Hurt, Injure, Unfasten, Dishearten, Weaken, Bore

My father knows a chemical process to fortify fabric.

Signatory

Noun

A signer of a document.

(हस्ताक्षरकर्ता/ हस्ताक्षरी)

Endorser, Recorder, Registrar, Scrivener, Autograph, Identification, Ink, Name

-

I am an authorized signatory of the company.

Adjective

Having signed a document.

(हस्ताक्षर किया हुआ/ दस्तख़त किया हुआ)

-

-

He has been granted signatory powers and rights.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?