The Hindu Vocabulary 10 September 2022

2022-09-10

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Discovery of Congress: On Bharat Jodo Yatra.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Literally

Adverb

In a literal manner or sense; exactly.

(वस्तुत:)

Word for Word, Completely, Directly, Actually, Precisely, Really, Verbatim, Undisputably, Straight

Doubtfully, Figuratively, Loosely

My friend took it literally when I asked her to wear a Retro outfit for the party.

Ambitious

Adjective


Having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.

Requiring great effort

(महत्वाकांक्षी)

Earnest, Determined, Energetic, Aggressive, Resourceful, Enthusiastic, Ardent, Bold, Challenging, Demanding, Energetic

Lethargic, Unenthusiastic, Content, Facile, Easy, Weak

The ambitious project to develop a rapid metro system has been approved by the government.

Peninsula

Noun

A piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of water.

(प्रायद्वीप)

Cape, Headland, Neck, Point, Foreland, Horn

-

Indian Peninsula is a triangular-shaped land.

Diversity

Noun


The state of being diverse

the condition of having or being composed of differing elements

(विविधता)

Diverseness, Heterogeneity, Multiplicity, Variety, Variousness, Heterogeneousness, Assortment

-

The government is planning to start programs to increase diversity in colleges.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

 

A government in power.

 

A set of rules about food or exercise that some people follow in order to stay healthy.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The new regime will benefit workers engaged in unorganized sector.

Strident

Adjective

Loud and unpleasant

(तीक्ष्‍ण)

Blatant, Vociferous, Jarring, Discordant

Quiet, Subdued, Silent, Soft

You should get fix your car’s strident horn.

Liberalism

Noun

Willingness to respect or accept behaviour or opinions different from one's own; openness to new ideas.

A political and social philosophy that promotes individual rights, civil liberties, democracy, and free enterprise.

 (उदारतावाद)

Free Trade, Deregulation, Free Enterprise, Progressive, Radical, Altruism, Charity, Toleration

Cruelty, Intolerance, Malevolence, Refusal, Conservative

I have always supported liberalism as it does good for society.

Federalism

Noun

The distribution of power into the central authority and the constituent units.

The federal form of government.

(संघवाद/ संघीयता)

Unionism, Unitarianism, Republicanism

Antifederalism

The GST Council is a body that promotes federalism.

Revive

Verb

Restore (someone or something) to their former position or life or consciousness.

(पुनर्जीवित)

Bring back, Reelect, Restore, Reestablish, Reinstate, Recover, Revamp

Destroy, Fire, Kill, Bore, Break, Depress, Discourage

Vikas is trying to revive an old custom of giving animal sacrifice.

Sceptic/ Skeptic

Noun

A person who questions or doubts the validity of something.

(संदेहवादी)

Critic, Cynic, Rebel, Ruiner

Believer, Supporter

He is a great sceptic and does not leave a chance to poke his nose into other's matters.

Brainstorming

Noun

A sudden bright idea.

A discussion to solve a problem.

(मंथन)

-

-

The latest brainstorm is to use waste materials to create something useful.

Verb

To try to solve a problem or come up with new ideas by having a discussion

(किसी समस्या को हल करने का प्रयास करना या चर्चा करके नए विचारों के साथ आना)

Deliberate, Analyze, Conceive, Conceptualize

-

We participated in a hackathon and brainstormed to make an app to solve daily problems.

Incentivize

Verb

Motivate or encourage (someone) to do something; provide with an incentive.

(प्रोत्साहित)

Prompt, Drive, Push, Urge, Stimulate, Influence, Lead

Suppress, Demotivate, Drop, Dishearten, Dispirit, Demoralize

The government is promoting make-in-India products by incentivizing manufacturers.

Coterie

Noun


A small group of people with shared interests or tastes, especially one that is exclusive of other people.

(मंडली)

Clique, Cadre, Circle, Crowd, Gang, Crew

-

A coterie of workers gathered to protest against the manager.

Imposter

Noun

Deceiver

(ढोंगी)

Cheat, Swindler, Hypocrite, Mimic, Pretender, Con artist

-

Many imposters entered the event despite tight security.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?