The Hindu Vocabulary 9 September 2022

2022-09-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The spirit of 1971: On India-Bangladesh relations.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Spirit

Noun

The principle of conscious life.

The incorporeal part of humans.

(आत्मा/ प्राण)

Character, Courage, Energy, Enthusiasm

Apathy, Cowardice, Fear, Idleness

Yoga is considered good for both body and spirit.

Verb

To take someone out of somewhere secretly and mysteriously.

To encourage. (अपहरण करना/ बढ़ावा देना)

Abscond, Capture

Deliver, Ransom, Redeem, Rescue

Artists were spirited away in the car soon after the concert.

Cooperation

Noun

An act or instance of working or acting together.

(सहयोग/ मेल/ संबंध/ सहोद्योग)

Aid, Assistance, Collaboration, Participation

Hindrance, Hurt, Injury, Antagonism

The Court asked for the cooperation of various leaders in the formation of the bill.

Outcome

Noun

The situation that exists at the end of a process or an activity. (नतीजा)

Conclusion, Event, Fallout, Issue

Cause, Source, Origin, Start

Everyone was surprised y the outcome.

Precede

Verb

To go before in order, rank, or importance.

To be earlier than someone or something.

(पूर्व में होना/ बेहतर होना)

Anticipate, Foreshadow, Predate, Presage

End, Finish, Follow, Obey

She preceded me through the gate.

Contentious

Adjective

Causing or likely to cause an argument. (विवादास्पद)

Disputable, Combative, Testy

Undebatable, Agreeable

He kept himself away from getting involved in a contentious issue.

Interim

Noun

An intervening time.

A temporary or provisional arrangement.

An intervening time.

(अन्तरिम)

Meantime, Breach, Break, Breather, Hiatus, Downtime, Gap

Continuation, Continuity, Permanence

He got a pretty job inspite of being an interim.

Adjective

Belonging to a temporary period.

(अन्तरिम का)

Provisional, Stopgap, Acting, Caretaker, Makeshift

Finished, Permanent, Continual, Permanent

This is only an interim solution.

Elusive

Adjective

Difficult to find.

Hard to define.

(मायावी)

Ambiguous, Fleeting, Illusory

Definite, Honest, Intelligible, Stable

The police has found the elusive criminal afters weeks of hardwork.

Unilateral

Adjective

Relating to only one side.

Undertaken by one person or party.

Having only one side.

(एक तरफा/ एकांगी)

One-sided, Independent

Bilateral, Plurilateral, Multilateral

In a team work, decisions are also made by contribution of everyone inspite of unilateral decisions by managers.

Incumbent

Adjective

Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(निर्भर)

Binding, obligatory, Compulsory, Necessary, Required

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Free, Open

It is incumbent for the police to act quickly in case of an emergency call.

Noun

Officeholder

(पदधारी)

Occupant, Official

-

The incumbent Chief Minister has asked the MLAs to be present in the House.

Turnaround

Noun

The total time consumed on the roundtrip.

Change of policy.

(एक अचानक या अप्रत्याशित परिवर्तन, विशेष रूप से एक जिसके परिणामस्वरूप अधिक अनुकूल स्थिति होती है।)

U-turn, Turnabout, Switch, Annulment, Inversion, Doubleback, Cancellation, Reversal

Approval, Enactment, Validation

The turnaround for the whole operation is 5 days.

Annex

Noun

In a way that is unable to be disentangled or separated.

(उपभवन)

Addendum, Appendix, Addition, Adjunct

Base, Lessening, Subtraction

The Prime Minister has approved the annex in the treaty.

Verb

To attach or append.

To obtain or take for oneself.

(हड़प कर लेना/ अनुबद्ध करना)

Adjoin, Take over, Affix, Append

Detach, Disconnect, Disjoin, Disunite

They annexed a new chapter to the report.

Rhetoric

Noun

The art or ability to use language effectively.

(भाषण कला)

Hyperbole, Oratory, Address, Bombast

Quiet, Conciseness

Many newsrooms criticized the Minister for his approach to his own rhetoric.

Inimical

Adjective

Tending to obstruct or harm.

(शत्रुतापूर्ण)

Adverse, Destructive, Harmful, Hostile, Injurious, Opposed

Aiding, Favorable, Friendly, Good, Helpful, Kind

Cold weather is inimical to her health because of a sinus problem.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?