The Hindu Vocabulary 17 October 2022

2022-10-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Questionable urgency: On the Supreme Court’s stay on G.N. Saibaba’s acquittal.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Questionable

Adjective

Doubtful as regards truth or quality.

(संदिग्ध)

Ambiguous, Arguable, Controversial, Debatable, Problematic, Suspicious, Dubious

Certain, Indubious, Definite, Clear, Trustworthy, Undoubted

His sudden change of behavior is questionable in many ways.

Acquittal

Noun

A judgment that a person is not guilty of the crime with which the person has been charged.

(दोषमुक्ति)

Absolution, Amnesty, Clearance, Discharge, Exemption, Dismissal

Hold, Retention, Blame, Hiring

The court gave an acquittal order to the officers who were charged with murder.

Alleged

Verb

To assert without proof

To assert to be true, especially in a formal manner, as in court

(आरोपित करना)

Testify, Affirm, Avouch, Charge, Cite, Accuse

Deny, Dissent, Protest, Disagree

Mayra was alleged of stealing her friend’s toys.

Conviction

Noun

A fixed or firm belief.

The act of finding a person guilty of a crime, especially in a court proceeding

The act of convincing a person.

(दोषसिद्धि/ धारणा/ आस्था/ प्रतीति/ दृढ विश्वास/ प्रत्यय)

Confidence, Faith, Feeling, Dogma, Principle, Doubtlessness, Face, Positiveness

Doubt, Incertitude, Nonconfidence, Uncertainty

They supported my strong conviction of not buying that property.

Aggrieved

Adjective

Very distressed

(पीड़ित)

Disturbed, Grieving, Oppressed, Persecuted, Depressed

Comforted, Happy, Pleased

Saru was feeling aggrieved as her father did not allow her to study further.

Restrain

Verb

Prevent (someone or something) from doing something; keep under control or within limits.

(नियंत्रित करना)

Confine, Constrain, Curb, Curtail, Detain, Deter, Govern, Hamper, Inhibit

Aid, Allow, Assist, Encourage, Free, Help, Liberate

We were restrained from roaming around in the courtyard of the college.

Gist

Noun

The substance or essence of a speech or text.

(सार)

Summary, Tenor, Upshot, Basis, Core

Exterior, Insignificance, Surface, Meaninglessness

Can you provide me with the gist of the science notes?

Verdict

Noun

The finding of a jury on a matter.

A decision.

(निर्णय/ अधिमत)

Answer, Award, Conclusion, Decision

Accusation

The court gave the verdict in favour of the LGBT community.

Prosecution

Noun

The act of prosecuting.

The party by which criminal proceedings are conducted.

The following up of something begun, to its completion.

(अभियोग पक्ष/ अभियोजन/ अभियोग)

Pursuit, Accomplishment, Execution, Achievement, Pursuance, Performance, Implementation, Perpetration, Commission

Defeat, Failure, Neglect, Nonfulfillment, Non-performance

The prosecution presented all false evidence but could not win the case.

Sanction

Noun

Official permission or approval for an action.

(प्रतिबंध)

Authorization, Consent, Leave, Permission, Authority

Prohibition, Ban, Prohibit, Obstruct, Hinder

The company put sanctions on the raw materials being imported from the Chinese company.  

Cognisance

Noun

Knowledge or awareness.

(ध्यान में रखते)

Awareness, Notice, Knowledge, Consciousness, Apprehension

Negligence, Carelessness, Neglect, Inattention, Forgetfulness

Taking cognizance of the situation, the government declared an emergency.

Render

Verb

To cause to become.

To melt down.

To present for consideration.

To provide a due reward.

(प्रस्तुत करना)

Cede, Deliver, Relinquish, Surrender, Give, Interpret, Portray, Reproduce

Take, Cloud, Conceal, fail, Obscure

We were charged a penalty for rendering ineffective services.

Vitiate

Verb

spoil or impair the quality or efficiency of.

(भ्रष्ट करना)

Debase, Defile, Sully, Blemish, Corrupt

Clean, Honor, Purify, Aid, Assist, Bless

Our product has been vitiated by low-quality raw material.

Curable

Adjective

Able to be improved, fixed

(इलाज संभव)

Correctable, Amenable, Capable, Mendable, Restorable, Improvable

Incurable

The disease is curable.

Interdict

Noun

An authoritative prohibition

(पाबंदी)

Ban, Forbid, Halt, Inhibit, Outlaw, Prevent, Prohibit

Aid, Allow, Approve, Assist, Continue, Help, Permit

I will not pay attention to the interdict by the authority.

 

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