The Hindu Vocabulary 18 October 2022

2022-10-18

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Tread carefully: On inflation.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tread

Verb

To set down the foot in walking.

To walk along.

(पांव रखना/ पैर उठाना)

Ambulate, Pad, Step, Walk

Encourage, Release, Tiptoe

At the midnight, we slowly trod out of the campus.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The rate of inflation is expected to slow down the next year.

Acceleration

Noun

A vehicle's capacity to gain speed within a short time.

(त्वरण)

Dispatch, Expedition, Quickening, Spurring, Stimulation

Slowing, Deferral, Deceleration, Hindrance, Retardation

There has been an acceleration in the rate of accidents in India.

Monetary

Adjective

Relating to coinage or currency of a country.

Relating to money.

(मुद्रा/ मुद्रा-संबंधी)

Financial, Fiscal, Pecuniary, Pocket

Nonfinancial

The Monetary Policy Committee meets at least four times a year.

Tighten

Verb

To make tight.

(तानना/ दबा देना/ कसकर बाँधना)

Narrow, Stiffe, Toughen, Compress

Untighten, Allow, Concentrate, Enlarge

Everyone should tighten their seat belts as the swing is ready to start.

Resurgent

Adjective

Increasing or reviving after a period of little activity, popularity, or occurrence.

(पुनस्र्त्थानशील)

Renascent, Revived, Invigorated, Refreshed, Returned

Dormant, Latent

The world economy has been affected by the resurgent pandemic.

Trajectory

Noun

The path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.

(प्रक्षेपवक्र)

Course, Curve, Orbit, Path, Flow, Direction

-

You should first define the exact trajectory where you want your robot to move.

Surge

Noun

A wavelike movement.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Flood, Flow, Growth

Decline, Constant

There has been a surge in the prices of LPG.

Verb

To rise and fall immediately.

To rise suddenly.

(हिलोरे मारना)

Climb, Flow, Grow, Rise

Fall, Stagnant

The water level of the Yamuna river surged due to heavy rainfall.

Depreciation

Noun

Decrease in value due to wear and tear.

A decrease in the value of a fixed asset.

(मूल्यह्रास/ घिसावट/ विमूल्यन/ मरम्मत के लिये छूट)

Deflation, Reduction, Slump, Fall

Increase, Appreciation

After adjusting for the depreciation, the total cost of the car is Rs. 5 lakhs.

Roil

Verb

Be in a state of turbulence or agitation

(क्रोधित करना)

Disturb, Rile, Agitate, Annoy, Bother, Disquiet

Aid, Please, Calm, Quiet, Soothe

The stock market has been roiled by fake news.

Outlook

Verb

View

Mental attitude.

Prospect of the future.

The place from where an observer looks.

(देखना)

Prospect, Aspect, Scene, Exposure

Neglect, Avoid, Ignore, Expel, Dismiss, Disregard

We need to change the outlook toward the LGBTQ community.

Loom

Verb

Appear as a large or unclear shape, often in a frightening way.

(एक बड़े या अस्पष्ट के रूप में दिखाई देना)

Enlarged, Big, Huge, Great, Immense, Colossal

Small, Tiny, Minute, Minor, Slight, Small, Insignificant

He suddenly loomed out of the room and scared us all.

Recession

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

We need to make global efforts to reduce the likeliness of the occurrence of recession.

Dissent

Noun

The holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.

(मतभेद)

Disagreement, Argument, Dispute, Demur, Objection, Protest

Agreement, Acceptance, Accord, Concurrence, Consensus, Accordance

She dissented with her party members on the freedom of speech.

Momentarily

Adverb

For a moment.

At any moment.

(क्षण भर के लिये/ इसी समय/ हर मिनट/ अस्थायी रूप से)

Briefly, Immediately, Instantly, Temporarily

Eventually, Later, Permanently, Lengthily

Marina stopped momentarily and then continued walking toward her car.

Emerge

Verb

To come out.

To come into view.

To arise.

(उभरना/ प्रकट होना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

Shanaya emerged as the best project manager.

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