The Hindu Vocabulary 19 October 2022

2022-10-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Whose pleasure? On Kerala Governor’s remarks.’

Read List of Governors of Indian States and Union Territories

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Provision

Noun

The action of providing or supplying something for use.

(प्रावधान)

Arrangement, Plan, Providing, Equipping

Removal, Taking

There were no provisions at the store for the exchange of purchased items.

Sack

Verb

Dismiss from employment.

(निकाल देना)

Discharge, Dismiss, Expel, Fire, Terminate, Drop

Employ, Engage, Hire, Hold, Keep, Welcome

You have no authority to sack the officers on duty.

Dignity

Noun

Nobility or worthiness of character.

High rank, office, or position.

(गौरव/ मर्यादा)

Decency, Decorum, Grandeur, Grace

Dishonour, Evil, Immorality, Insignificance

He tried to harm the dignity of the office.

Withdrawal

Noun

The action of withdrawing something.

(वापसी)

Remove, Abolition, Cancellation, Ending

Start, Begin, Introduction, Proceed, Kick-start

You need to postpone the withdrawal of your decision as the atmosphere is not conducive right now.

Incumbent

Noun

Officeholder

(पदधारी)

Occupant, Official

-

The incumbent President decided to resign owing to allegations of corruption against him.

Euphemism

Noun

A mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.

(प्रेयोक्ति)

Circumlocution, Delicacy, Floridness, Pomposity, Pretense

-

Sometimes people use the word “naive” as a euphemism for a foolish person.

Confrontation

Noun

A face-to-face meeting.

The clashing of forces or ideas.

(आमना-सामना)

Battle, Contest, Crisis, Meeting, Dispute, Combat, Conflict, War

Agreement, Calm, Peace

We were disturbed by the confrontation between our senior managers at our workplace.

Reluctance

Noun

Unwillingness or disinclination to do something.

(अनिच्छा)

Unwillingness, Disinclination, Hesitation, Hesitance, Hesitancy, Timidity

Willingness, Eagerness, Readiness, Preparedness, Predisposition

His reluctance to resign from the Vice Chairman’s post irritated us.

Grant

Verb

Agree to give or allow (something requested) to.

(देना)

Accept, Accord, Allocate, Allot, Assign, Award, Bestow, Cede

Deny, Disagree, Disallow, Fight, Hold, Keep, Refuse

He did not grant us leave on the festival.

Noun

A sum of money given by a government or other organization for a particular purpose.

(अनुदान)

Allocation, Allotment, Appropriation, Assistance, Award, Concession, Contribution, Endowment

Refusal, Disadvantage, Forfeit, Loss

I will pay you after I receive my research grant.

Assent

Noun

An act of agreeing to something.

(अनुमति)

Acknowledgment, Concurrence, Consent, Acceptance

Disagreement, Denial, Refusal, Dissension

We don’t need his assent to start a new business.

Verb

To agree.

To approve something.

(अनुमति देना)

Accede, Subscribe, Accept, Accord

Argue, Decline, Deny, Differ

The President gave his assent to the bill regarding the protection of whistleblowers.

Constitutional

Adjective


relating to an established set of principles governing a state.

(संवैधानिक)

relating to someone's physical or mental condition.

(शरीर रचना संबंधी)

Democratic, Lawful, Legal, Statutory, Representative, Chartered, Essential, Fundamental, Native, Natural, Inherent, Organic

Illegal, Illicit, Unlawful, Illegitimate, Unnatural, Learned

The post of Governor is constitutional.

Reconsideration

Noun

The act of considering something again; review.

(पुनर्विचार)

Review, Reassessment, Re-evaluation, Reappraisal, Rethink, Relook

Forethought, Prophesy, Prospect

The manager returned the proposal for reconsideration.

Withhold

Verb

Refuse to give (something that is due to or is desired by another).

(रोक लेना)

Conceal, Deduct, Deny, Detain, Hide, Keep, Resist, Retain

Allow, Disclose, Divulge, Expose, Free, Grant, Let out

He is trying to withhold our payment by making new excuses every day.

Approval

Noun

The act of approving something

(अनुमोदन)

Blessing, Consent, Confirmation, Endorsement, Green light, Permission, Recommendation, Sanction

Ban, Denial, Disapproval, Discouragement, Opposition, Refusal, Prohibition

Shashwat was waiting for his Professor’s approval regarding the Ph.D. thesis topic.

Unpalatable

Adjective

Difficult to put up with or accept.

(साथ रखना या स्वीकार करना कठिन है।)

Disagreeable, Unpleasant, Displeasing, Unattractive, Regrettable

Palatable, Acceptable, Bearable, Comforting, Pleasant, Satisfactory

Maggie and milk is an unpalatable combination.

Realm

Noun

Kingdom.

Sphere.

A primary marine division of the earth’s surface.

(क्षेत्र/ राज)

Dimension, Domain, Field, Sphere, Area, Arena, Circle, Demesne

Sky

She was awarded for her new discovery in the realm of Physics.

Friction

Noun

Disagreement

(टकराव)

Discontent, Dissension, Antagonism, Hostility, Discord

Accord, Agreement, Concord, Harmony

I don’t pay heed to the friction between my colleagues.

Statute

Noun

A written law passed by a legislative body.

(क़ानून)

Act, Bill, Decree, Edict, Measure

-

The governor does not have the power to discard the statute for which he has given his assent.

Competent

Adjective

Able

(सक्षम)

Adequate, Capable, Decent, Efficient, Proficient

Impotent, Incapable, Insufficient, Unable

He is not competent to contest the election.

Curtail

Verb

Reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.

(कम करना)

Reduce, Cut, Cut down, Decrease, Lessen, Diminish, Retrench, Shrink

Increase, Lengthen, Surge, Rise, Grow, Enlarge

The new rule curtailed our right to freedom.  

Recommend

Verb

To present as worthy of a trial.

To make acceptable.

To suggest a course of action.

(अनुशंसा करना/ सिफ़ारिश करना)

Advocate, Back, Confirm, Endorse

Censure, Condemn, Deny, Discourage

CACP recommended an increase in the MSP of Rabi crops.

Implement

Verb

Put (a decision, plan, agreement, etc.) into effect.

(लागू)

Achieve, Carry out, Complete, Enforce, Realize

Fail, Forget, Give up, Ignore, Neglect

He asked me to implement the changes within two hours.

Exaggerate

Verb

Represent (something) as being larger, better, or worse than it really is.

(विस्तृत रूप से वर्णन करना)

Overstate, Emphasise, Stress, Overstress, Overestimate

Underestimate, lower, Degrade, Devalue

He exaggerated his trip to Goa.

Notion

Noun

An individual’s conception of something known.

A personal inclination.

(धारणा/ विचार/ भाव/ अभिप्राय)

Approach, Assumption, Concept, Conception, Impulse, Wish, Caprice, Conceit

Being, Concrete, Reality, Ignorance, Reality, Truth

The notion that a girl should take care of the household needs to be changed.

Caution

Noun

Alertness and prudence in a hazardous situation to minimize risk.

A person or thing that astonishes apprehension.

Care taken to avoid danger.

A warning against danger.

(चेतावनी/ सावधानी/सतर्कता/ एहतियात)

Attention, Care, Discretion, Foresight, Advice, Caveat, Counsel, Gingerliness

Carelessness, Indiscretion, Neglect, Disregard, Ignorance, Heedlessness, Imprudence

One should take caution while going out during the pandemic.

Verb

To give a warning to someone to be careful.

(चेतावनी देना/ सजग करना/ सचेत करना/ आगाह करना)

Admonish, Alert, Exhort, Forewarn

Imperil, Risk

My husband cautioned me to eat less at the party.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

Party members warned the regime against their inconsiderate decisions.

Discretionary

Adjective

Left to individual judgment.

Subject to one’s own decision.

(विवेकाधीन)

Unrestricted, Leftover, Elective, Optional

Compulsory, Mandatory, Obligatory, Nondiscretionary

Indian Constitution provides some discretionary powers to the President.

 

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

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