Governors and Lieutenant Governors of Indian States and UTs


2022-05-27 | Priyanka Chaudhary

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Governor is the executive head of the State and all the executive actions are taken in his name. A governor is the representative of the Central Government and acts as a bridge between the state and the central government. The governor is appointed by the President of India and holds office during the pleasure of President. Everything related to Governor, i.e. his appointment, removal, powers and functions, etc. are mentioned under Article Art 153 to Art 162 of the Indian Constitution.

Appointment of a Governor

The governor of a state is appointed by the president of India (article 155). He/ She could be the Governor of more than one state at a time (Article 153).

Term of Governor’s office

The Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the President (Article 156). The normal duration of office is five years but may be terminated earlier by

(i) Dismissal by the President or

(ii) Resignation addressed to the President.

Duties, Responsibilities and Powers of the Governor

  • The President consults the Governor in the appointment of the Judges of the state High Court.
  • The Governor has the power to pardon; he cannot pardon a death sentence.
  • Signing or vetoing bills passed by the Legislature.
  • Serves as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
  • Declaring special elections to fill vacancies in certain elected offices.
  • Governor can nominate one member in the state legislative assembly and one-sixth members of the legislative council.
  • In case no political party bags a majority in the Vidhan Sabha of the state, the Governor holds power to use his discretion to select the Chief Minister.

NOTE: The powers of Governor and Lt. Governor are more or less similar. Lt. Governor is also appointed by the President of India. 

Article 239 states that every UT in India shall be administered by the President through appointment of an administrator. 

List of Current State Governors

State

Governors

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

B.D. Mishra

ANDHRA PRADESH

Biswa Bhushan Harichandan

ASSAM

Jagdish Mukhi

BIHAR

Phagu Chauhan

CHHATTISGARH

Anusuiya Uikey

GOA

PS Sreedharan Pillai

GUJARAT

Acharya Devvrat

HARYANA

Bandaru Dattatreya

HIMACHAL PRADESH

Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar

JHARKHAND

Ramesh Bais

KARNATAKA

Thaawarchand Gehlot

KERALA

Arif Mohammad Khan

MADHYA PRADESH

Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel

MAHARASHTRA

Bhagat Singh Koshyari

MANIPUR

La Ganesan

MEGHALAYA

Satya Pal Malik

MIZORAM

Kambhampati Haribabu

NAGALAND

Jagdish Mukhi (Additional Charge)

ODISHA

Professor Ganeshi Lal

PUNJAB

Banwarilal Purohit 

RAJASTHAN

Kalraj Mishra

SIKKIM

Ganga Prasad

TAMIL NADU

R N Ravi

TELANGANA

Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan

TRIPURA

Satyadev Narayan Arya

UTTAR PRADESH

Anandiben Patel

UTTARAKHAND

Lt Gen Gurmit Singh

WEST BENGAL

Jagdeep Dhankar

 

List of Current Lieutenant Governors

Union Territories

Lieutenant Governors/ Administrators

ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS

Devendra Kumar Joshi (LG)

CHANDIGARH

Banwarilal Purohit (Additional Charge) (Administrator)

DADRA AND NAGAR HAVELI & DAMAN AND DIU

Praful Khoda Patel (Administrator)

DELHI

Vinai Kumar Saxena (LG)

JAMMU AND KASHMIR

Manoj Sinha (LG)

LADAKH

Radha Krishna Mathur (LG)

LAKSHADWEEP

Praful Patel (Administrator)

PUDUCHERRY

Tamilisai Soudararajan (Additional Charge) (LG)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Governor of a State/ LG and administrators of UTs

Who appoints the Governor of a State?

The President of India appoints the Governor of a State by warrant under his hand and seal.

Which article states that he/she could be the governor of more than one state?

Article 153 states that he/she could be the governor of more than one state.

Who administers the oath of office to the Lieutenant Governor?

The Chief Justice of the concerned State/UT High court administers the oath of office to the Governor/Lieutenant Governor. In his absence, senior most-judge of High Court or acting Chief Justice administers the oath.

Priyanka Chaudhary

Joined On : 01-Jan-19

Priyanka is an expert in General Awareness and has experience of over 5 years of teaching various subjects of General Awareness and Current Affairs.

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