The Hindu Vocabulary 3 November 2022

2022-11-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 3 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Seeds of hope: On GM crops and scientific consent’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Consent

Noun

Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something. (सहमति)

Acquiescence, Approval, Assent, Authorization, Compliance, Permit

Denial, Disagreement, Refusal, Disapproval, Dissent, Rejection, Prohibition

Parliamentary consent is required in passing a bill.

Verb

Agree to something or give permission for something to happen.

(सहमत होना)

Subscribe, Comply, Acquiesce, Concede, Accept, Allow, Approve

Deny, Disagree, Condemn, Disallow, Dispute, Dissent, Forbid

She consented to our request of getting vaccinated.

In Limbo

Idiom

In an indefinite or suspended state in which the outcome is not certain.

(अनिश्चित या निलंबित अवस्था में जिसमें परिणाम निश्चित नहीं है।)

-

-

The person of contact in the organization has left the organization and now my case is in limbo.

Surge

Noun

A sudden powerful forward or upward movement, especially by a crowd or by a natural force such as the waves or tide.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Swell, Upsurge, Flow

Decline, Decrease

The surge in the prices of Fuel has put a burden on the common man’s life.

Verb

Move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward.

(बढ़ोतरी)

Climb, Grow, Rise, Gush

Descend, Lessen

The price of Onion hasged rapidly during last season.

Optimism

Noun

An attitude reflecting a belief or hope that the outcome of some specific endeavour.

(आशावाद)

Certainty, Anticipation, Trust, Cheerfulness, Easiness

Depression, Distrust, Fear, Uncertainty, Gloom

It is the optimism and hard work that helped us achieve our goals.

Genetic

Adjective

Relating to genes or heredity.

Influenced by genes.

(आनुवंशिक/ जननिक/ जीव संबंधी/ औत्पत्तिक)

Ancestral, Hereditary, Historical, Abiogenetic

Acquired

Nowadays, themany vegetables arenetic variations of existing ones.

Apex

Noun

The uppermost point.

The highest point.

(सर्वोच्च/ चोटी)

Acme, Apogee, Capstone, Nadir, Crest, Meridian, Pinnacle, Crown

Base, Bottom, Nadir

She is at the apex of her performance in her career.

Precursor

Noun

A person or thing that precedes in a job.

Anything that precedes something happening afterward and is also an indicator of the events happening afterward.

(अग्रगामी/ प्रणेता/ आगे जानेवाला/ पूर्वगामी)

Forerunner, Harbinger, Herald, Messenger

Derivative, Outgrowth, Daughter, Descendant

The emissions of Nitrogen Oxides is areprecursor of smog.

Amenable

Adjective

Willing to answer.

Liable to be called to account.

Capable of being tested.

Readily brought to cooperate.

Capable of submission as to judgment.

(वश्य/ जिम्मेदार/ वशवर्ती/ प्रतिसंवेदी)

Agreeable, Responsive, Susceptible, Acquiescent, Accountable, Answerable, Liable, Chargeable

Unsusceptible, Intractable, Irresponsible, Nonconforming, Disinclined, Unamenable

Mr. Haller has been amenable to the idea.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

They have managed to hold themselves despite such a big loss in their lives.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Sandeep did not stand up to her obligations, even in her own despite.

Exacerbate

Verb

Make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.

(बिगाड़ देना)

Aggravate, Worsen, Inflame, Compound, Intensify, Increase, Magnify

Calm, Reduce, Settle, Lower, Lessen, Set, Pacify

Her comments at the meeting have exacerbated the whole situation.

Backtrack

Verb

To return over the same course.

To withdraw from an undertaking.

To retrace one’s course.

To reverse a position.

(पीछा करना/ निगरानी करना/ देख-भाल करना)

Retract, Reverse, Back, Change

Advance, Remain, Stay

The hikers went on the wrong way and had to backtrack to the camp.

Transgenic

Adjective

Relating to an organism that contains genetic material into which DNA from an unrelated organism has been artificially introduced.

(एक ऐसे जीव से संबंधित जिसमें आनुवंशिक सामग्री होती है जिसमें एक असंबंधित जीव के डीएनए को कृत्रिम रूप से पेश किया गया है ।)

-

-

Scientists are working for a long time on transgenic vegetables and fruits.

Scrutiny

Noun

A searching examination or inspection.

(जांच)

Audit, Check, Examination, Inspection, Review, Scan

Ignore

Police are doing full-scale scrutiny of the accused.

Throttle

Verb

Choke

To decrease the flow of something such as fuel to the engine by a valve.

To regulate the speed of something.

(दबाना/ कुचलना/ दम घुटना/ साँस स्र्कना)

Burke, Control, Silence, Inhibit

Encourage, Help, Release, Free

He was arrested in a complaint against him for throttling the stray animal.

Moratorium

Noun

A suspension of activity.

A legally authorized period to delay payment of money due.

An authorized period of waiting.

A waiting period set by the authority.

(रोक/ प्रतिबंध/ पाबंदी/ निषेध)

Ban, Delay, Freeze, Halt

Continuation, Continuance

The party leaders are on a moratorium on talking to the press until the dispute is settled.

Persist

Verb

To continue firmly in some course of action in spite of opposition.

To last tenaciously.

(दृढ़ रहना)

Continue, Endure, Linger, Persevere

Cease, Discontinue, Halt, Leave

He persisted for a long duration and finally achieved success.

Panacea

Noun

A solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases.

(रामबाण)

Elixir, Nostrum, Catholicon, Cure, Relief, Remedy

Disease, Injury, Pain

Vaccination acted as a panacea in the fight against the Pandemic.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The crisis has taken an ugly turn.

FEBRUARY OFFER get 25% Off
Use Coupon code FEB23

six months current affairs 2022 july december Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly current affairs july december july december 2022 in detail Rs.219/- Read More
half yearly current affairs in hindi jul dec 2022 in detail Rs.219/- Read More
six months current affairs 2022 book in hindi july december Rs.199/- Read More

Share Blog


Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz



Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat