The Hindu Vocabulary 1 November 2022

2022-11-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The gun and the pen: On the conclave of State Home Ministers’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conclave

Noun

A private or secret meeting.

An assembly, especially the one with special authority or power.

(निर्वाचिका सभा/ गुप्त सभा)

Confab, Assembly, Cabinet, Conference

-

A decision on who will be the new pope is going to take place in a conclave.

Stringent

Adjective

Strict, precise, and exacting.

(कठोर)

Binding, Demanding, Strict, Stiff, Confining

Amenable, Calm, Easy, Pliable, Gentle

There is a need for stringent laws against the destruction of public property.  

Extremism

Noun

The holding of extreme political or religious views

(उग्रवाद)

Radicalism, Irrationality, Intolerance, Bigotry, Hatred, Fanaticism

Apathy, Calmness, Dislike, Irresolution, Fairness

A section of society has started enjoying extremism.

Unintended

Adjective

Not planned.

Not intended.

(अनपेक्षित)

Accidental, Inadvertent, Unexpected, Unforeseen

Expected, Intentional, Planned, Premeditative

They warned us against unintended results in this new and unique project.

Languish

Verb

Lose or lack vitality; grow weak.

To be or become feeble, weak, or enervated

Suffer from being forced to remain in an unpleasant place or situation.

(दुर्बल)

Weaken, Deteriorate, Decline, Wither

Thrive, Flourish, Prosper, Develop, Burgeon

All the cows in the flood-hit region have languished.

Disconcert

Verb

To throw into confusion.

To throw into disorder.

(घबराना)

Abash, Confound, Confuse, Embarrass, Agitate, Bewilder, Confound, Discomfit

Aid, Assist, Calm, Verify

Manager’s rude behaviour disconcerted the new employee.

Concordance

Noun

Agreement or Harmony.

(क़बूल/ इजाज़त)

Accord, Accordance

Disagreement, Discord, Opposition

The two studies are in complete concordance.

Outlook

Noun

View

Mental attitude.

Prospect of the future.

The place from where an observer looks.

(देखना)

Prospect, Aspect, Scene, Exposure

Neglect, Avoid, Ignore, Expel, Dismiss, Disregard

All the directors were on the same ground and all seemed to have the same outlook.

Invoke

Verb

To appeal to authority.

To make an earnest request for something.

To put into effect.

(आह्वान करना/ विनती करना)

Beget, Breed, Cause, Generate, Apply, Enforce

Cruelty, Indulgence, Meanness, Ignore, Neglect

He asked me not to try any further to invoke his help.

Nexus

Noun

A means of connection.

A connected group or series.

(बंधन/ संबंध)

Catena, Catenation

Divorce, Exterior

There are many theories concerning the nexus of relationships.

Incarceration

Noun

The state of being confined in prison; imprisonment

(क़ैद कर देना)

Captivity, Confinement, Restraint

Freedom

After presenting the eyewitness in the case, Micky was able to end the incarceration of Menendez.

Judicial

Adjective

About court proceedings.

Ordered by the court.

Sanctioned by a court.

Giving judgment.

Inclined to make judgments.

By a court or a judge.

(अदालती/ न्यायतंत्र/ न्यायालय-संबंधी)

Juridical, Administrative, Authoritative, Constitutional

Illegal

Trevor was finally freed from judicial custody.

Mobilise

Verb

To put into movement.

To assemble and make ready for war.

Ready for Action

(गतिमान करना/ संगठित करना)

Marshal, Rally, Assemble, Prepare

Disorganize, Discourage, Disperse, Dissuade

Our troops are mobilised to the border during tense situations with our neighbours.

Straddle

Verb

To sit or stand with one leg on either side.

(पैर फैलाकर बैठना)

 

Bestride, Sit astride, Mount, Ride

-

Sangeeta straddled the horse and rode amazingly.

Noun

A simultaneous purchase of options to buy and to sell a security or commodity at a fixed price, allows the purchaser to make a profit whether the price of the security or commodity goes up or down.

A noncommittal position.

(शेयरों का क्रय-विक्रय विकल्प)

-

-

He follows a straddle strategy in the share market.

Impediment

Noun

Anything that hinders or obstructs something.

(बाधा)

Balk, Bar, Block, Chain, Barrier, Burden, Deterrent, Difficulty, Drawback

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit, Blessing, Allowance, Boon

Funding is a big impediment to our project’s success.

Resentment

Noun

Bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly.

(नाराज़गी)

Acrimony, Animosity, Annoyance, Irritation

Calm, Cheer, Comfort, Delight

The resentment in Rahul’s heart against me is fair.

Tarnish

Noun

Something that tarnishes.

The condition of being tarnished.

(कलंक)

-

-

My wife warned me to stay away from the tarnish at the party.

Verb

To diminish the purity.

To bring disgrace on somebody or something.

(कलंकति करना)

Blemish, Darken, Mar, Spoil, Damage, Defame, Dim, Embarrass

Aid, Assist, Benefit, Clean

This police case has tarnished our image.

Dismantle

Verb

To disassemble something.

To disconnect the pieces of something.

To strip of the dress.

(विघटित / उद्ध्वस्त करना/ खोल डालना/ कपड़ा उतारना)

Demolish, Destroy, Disassemble, Raze, Undo, Wreck

Build, Construct, Create, Repair

The interns were given a task to dismantle the old idle machines.

Remedy

Noun

Something that cures or relieves a disease.

(निदान/ उपाय)

Antidote, Countermeasure

Damage, Harm

The problems are beyond remedy.

Verb

To correct something that was wrong.

To cure.

(उपचार करना/ प्रतिकार करना)

Alleviate, Ameliorate, Amend, Assuage

Aggravate, Damage

He remedied my problem.

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

2 : 72 :: 3 : ?