The Hindu Vocabulary 30 May 2022

2022-05-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 30 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Sex as work’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Consent

Noun

Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something. (सहमति)

Acquiescence, Approval, Assent, Authorization, Compliance, Permit

Denial, Disagreement, Refusal, Disapproval, Dissent, Rejection, Prohibition

He gave his consent for the second marriage after the death of his wife.

Verb

Agree to something or give permission for something to happen.

(सहमत होना)

Subscribe, Comply, Acquiesce, Concede, Accept, Allow, Approve

Deny, Disagree, Condemn, Disallow, Dispute, Dissent, Forbid

He consented to donate his property to the trust.

Stigma

Noun

A mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person.

(कलंक)

Shame, Disgrace, Dishonor, Stain, Blot

Approval, Benefit, Esteem, Honor, Praise

The stigma of killing my father will always be with me.

Entitled

Adjective

Believing oneself to be inherently deserving of privileges or special treatment.

(हकदार)

Honored, Powerful, Advantaged, Indulged, Empowered

Disadvantageous, Prevented

The entitled kids generally fail to understand the value of money.

Reiterate

Verb

Say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.

(दोहराना)

Repeat, Restate, Retell, Recapitulate

Ignore, Avoid, Distract, Neglect

The government reiterated its aim to reduce poverty.

Invoke

Verb

To appeal to authority.

To make an earnest request for something.

To put into effect.

(आह्वान करना/ विनती करना)

Beget, Breed, Cause, Generate, Apply, Enforce

Cruelty, Indulgence, Meanness, Ignore, Neglect

They were trying to invoke the company’s help in their personal problems.

Rehabilitation

Noun

Restoration (पुनर्वास)

Improvement, Reconstruction, Repair, Recovery

Damage, Harm, Hurt, Injury

James was sent to a rehabilitation centre to overcome his alcohol addiction.

Conducive

Adjective

Favourable

(अनुकूल)

Advantageous, Beneficial, Favorable, Helpful

Damaging, Deleterious, Disadvantageous, Harmful

The atmosphere of the school is not conducive to quality education.

Await

Verb

Wait for (an event).

(इंतज़ार करना)

Expect, Anticipate, Wait, Look for, Hope for

Ignore, Avoid, Reject, Shun, Spurn, Neglect

I am awaiting a response from the government on this matter.

Abuse

Verb

Use (something) to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse.

(दुष्प्रयोग)

Misuse, Misapply, Mishandle, Exploit

 

He abused his position to hurt his opponent.

Coerce

Verb

Persuade (an unwilling person) to do something by using force or threats.

(मजबूर करना)

Browbeat, Bully, Intimidate, Repress, Suppress, Pressure, Constrain, Force, Compel, Oblige

Allow, Encourage, Help, Let go, Aid

They were coerced to remain silent against the attack.

Recommendation

Noun

The act of recommending

(सिफ़ारिश करना)

Endorsement, Guidance, Instruction, Judgment, Order, Proposal, Proposition

Disapproval, Opposition, Refusal, Rejection

The recommendations of the finance commission were accepted by the government.

Decency

Noun

Behavior that conforms to accepted standards of morality or respectability.

(शिष्टता)

Civility, Correctness, Courtesy, Decorum, Dignity

Discourtesy, Immorality, Impoliteness, Rudeness

He maintained the decency at the party.

Exploit

Noun

A bold or daring feat.

(कारनामा)

Feat, Act, Stunt, Deed, Escapade, Attainment, Move

Failure, Debilitating, Catastrophe, Subduing, Fiasco, Debacle, Botch

He wrote a book about his youthful exploits.

Verb

Make full use of and derive benefit from a resource.

(शोषण करना)

Abuse, Apply, Employ, Handle, Manipulate, Mine, Utilize

Leave alone, Misuse

Many countries are trying to exploit the resources in Arctic region.

Brutal

Adjective

Savagely violent

(क्रूर)

Savage, Cruel, Vicious, Ferocious, Barbaric, Wicked

Calm, Civilized, Courteous, Friendly, Compassionate

The police is still investigating a brutal murder case that happened five years ago.

Detain

Verb

keep (someone) from proceeding; hold back

(रोकना)

Apprehend, Delay, Jail, Confine, Impede, Bust

Free, Liberate, Advance, Aid, Assist

He detained her from opening the door and going out.

Penalise

Verb

To punish

(दंड देना)

Castigate, Chastise, Fine, Chasten, Condemn, Judge

Compliment, Help, Aid, Assist, Excuse

Jai was penalized for throwing garbage on the street.

Brothel

Noun

House of prostitution

(गणिकागृह)

Bordello, Bagnio, Whorehouse, Bawdy house, cathouse

-

The act has a provision to punish the person who runs a brothel.

Reform

Noun

The action or process of reforming an institution or practice.

(सुधार)

Improvement, Betterment, Amelioration, Refinement, Change

-

Necessary steps have not been taken to bring reforms in Police.

Verb

Make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it.

(सुधार करना)

Amend, Improve, Rebuild, Rehabilitate, Remake, Renovate

Break, Damage, Destroy, Ruin, Harm, Hurt

The government is planning to reform the banking sector in India.

 

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