The Hindu Vocabulary 29 May 2022

2022-05-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Conviction and repression: On Yasin Malik and separatism.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conviction

Noun

A fixed or firm belief.

The act of finding a person guilty of a crime, especially in a court proceeding

The act of convincing a person.

(दोषसिद्धि/ धारणा/ आस्था/ प्रतीति/ दृढ विश्वास/ प्रत्यय)

Confidence, Faith, Feeling, Dogma, Principle, Doubtlessness, Face, Positiveness

Doubt, Incertitude, Nonconfidence, Uncertainty

His conviction has been overturned by the upper court.

Repression

Noun

The act of repressing.

The act of keeping under control or check.

The act of controlling or suppressing someone or something by force.

(दमन/ दमन/ रोक/ निरोध)

Oppression, Control, Restraint, Suppression

Freedom, Liberty, Aid, Allowance

The repression of innocent citizens was discussed in the UN.

Separatism

Noun

Beliefs and activities of separatists.

A movement for separation.

(अलगाववाद/ पृथकतावाद/ पार्थक्यवाद/ भिन्नमतावलंबन)

Apartheid, Discrimination, Dissociation, Disunion

Attachment, Juncture, Union, Connection

We should not tolerate any group or person who promotes separatism in our country.

Inflame

Verb

To excite excessive feeling.

To cause anger or excitement.

To burst into flame.

To be kindled as passion.

(भड़काना/ जलना/ उत्तेजित करना/ फूल आना/ प्रज्वलित करना)

Agitate, Arouse, Disturb, Embitter

Aid, Appease, Calm, Comfort

The villain’s face was inflamed with anger in the movie.

Plead

Verb

Make an emotional appeal.

To appeal.

To argue in a court of law.

To argue against a claim.

(निवेदन करना/ वकालत करना/ तर्क के रूप में प्रस्तुत करना/ पक्ष-समर्थन करना)

Appeal, Ask, Petition, Pray. Solicit, Implore, Importune, Supplicate, Beseech, Allege, Argue, Assert, Cite

Deny, Decide, Punish, Reply, Ignore, Answer, Sentence, Refuse

Government lawyers are provided to those who cannot afford a lawyer to plead.

Stringent

Adjective

Strict, precise, and exacting.

(कठोर)

Binding, Demanding, Strict, Stiff, Confining

Amenable, Calm, Easy, Pliable, Gentle

Stringent laws against separatist activities are very much required.

Inevitable

Adjective

Certain to happen. Incapable of being avoided.

(अनिवार्य)

Unavoidable, Inescapable, Certain, Inexorable, Unpreventable

Avoidable, Uncertain, Needless, Preventable

It is inevitable to get wet when you bathe your infant.

Chequered

Adjective

Marked by fluctuations of fortune.

Varied past with good and bad periods.

Having a pattern consisting of alternate squares of different colours.

(विचित्र/ विविध/ चितकबरा/ नाना प्रकार का)

Checkered, Multicoloured, Harlequin, Varicoloured, Mixed, Eventful, Unstable, Diversified

Monochrome

The country has a chequered history.

Abjure

Verb

To renounce upon oath.

To promise publicly that you will give up or reject a way of behaving.

To reject or avoid.

(त्यागना/ शपथपूर्वक त्यागना/ सशपथ त्याग करना/ प्रतिज्ञापूर्वक त्याग करना)

Forswear, Renounce, Recant, Renege, Abnegate

Allow, Emphasize, Adhere

Shreelaxmi abjured her old beliefs.

Parley

Verb

To hold an informal conference.

To speak with another.

(बातचीत करना)

Advice, Confab, Confabulate, Confer, Consult

Quiet, Silence

Our company has refused to parley with the opponents.

Noun

A conference for discussion of points.

(बातचीत)

Confab, Consult, Colloquy, Conference

Quiet, Silence

The Union held a parley to debate the proposed changes.

Doggedly

Noun

In a manner that shows persistence or tenacity.

(हठीलेपन/ दढ़ता से)

Adamantly, Decisively, Persistently, Resolutely, Staunchly, Steadfastly, Closely, Diligently

Changeably, Indefinitely, Movably, Flexibly, Easily, Indulgently

Mr. Fard has doggedly pursued his passion.

Confrontationist

Noun

A person who confronts opposition.

(अनुपालन/ दृढ़ता/ हिमायत/ निष्ठा)

-

-

The leader is a confrontationist, one should stay away from his eye.

Adjective

Characteristic of confrontation.

(टकराव की विशेषता।)

-

-

His confrontationist language showed his plan.

Uptick

Noun

An increase in business activity.

A selling price that is higher than the previous price.

(इजाफा)

Accretion, Accrual, Addendum, Addition, Boost, Expansion, Increase, More, Plus, Proliferation

Abatement, Decline, Decrease, Decrement, Fall, Loss, Reduction, Shrinkage

The latest uptick in traffic is largely attributed to the new marketing strategies.

Clampdown

Noun

The act of making regulations more stringent.

(शिकंजा कसना)

Crackdown, Repression, Restriction, Embargo

Freedom

A clampdown on granting loans is on its way.

Verb

To impose regulations and restrictions.

(नियम और प्रतिबंध लगाने के लिए।)

Crush, Quash, Quell, Repress, Silence, Subdue

-

The police are clamping down on gangsters.

Hardliner

Noun

A group that supports strict and fixed ideas that are often extreme.

(कट्टरपंथी)

Extremist, Radical, Fanatic, Zealot

Nonextremist, Moderate

Religious hardliners have warned the local police to not get involved in religious matters.

Enforcement

Noun

The act of imposing upon some person.

(प्रवर्तन)

Administration, Application, Imposition, Prosecution

Abandon, Disregard, Forgetfulness, Neglect

The law enforcement agencies are soon going to find the irregularities in your work.

Alienation

Noun

The state of being an outsider from society.

A transfer of property to another.

The act of turning away.

(अलगाव की भावना/ हस्तांतरण/ विराग)

Disaffection, Estrangement, Indifference, Separation

Agreement, Charm, Endearment, Connection

The alienation of North Sentinel island from mainstream society is still there.

Grievance

Noun

A wrong that can cause distress and is considered a ground for complaint.

(शिकायत)

Down, Grudge, Resentment, Score

Hold, Keep, Take, Attach

I have resigned from the grievance department.

Resuscitate

Noun

To revive from apparent death or unconsciousness.

(पुनर्जीवित होना/ फिर से सक्रिय बनाना/ फिर से चालू करना)

Energize, Invigorate, Rejuvenate, Restore, Resurrect, Revitalize, Renovate, Arouse

Destroy, Bore

It requires a lot of hard work to resuscitate storm-hit coastal areas.

Judicial

Adjective

About court proceedings.

Ordered by the court.

Sanctioned by a court.

Giving judgment.

Inclined to make judgments.

By a court or a judge.

(अदालती/ न्यायतंत्र/ न्यायालय-संबंधी)

Juridical, Administrative, Authoritative, Constitutional

Illegal

He was sent to judicial custody for ten days.

Imperative

Noun

Something that is unavoidable or urgent., An obligatory duty.

(कुछ ऐसा जो अपरिहार्य हो।)

Behest, Charge, Command, Decree, Edict, Injunction

-

There is an imperative to show progress towards economic prowess.

Adjective

Absolutely unavoidable.

Not to be avoided.

(अनिवार्य/ आदेशात्मक/ आत्यावश्यक/ आज्ञार्थक)

Compulsory, Obligatory, Critical, Crucial, Essential, Bidding, Dominant, Incumbent, Required

Inessential, Insignificant, Nonessential, Optional

It is imperative that we reach home by tonight.

Prevail

Verb

To gain ascendancy through superiority.

To become effective.

To be frequent.

To succeed.

To use persuasion successfully.

To be superior in power.

(प्रचलित होना/ जीतना/ प्रबल होना/ बहकाना)

Abound, Beat, Gain, Master, Overcome, Prove

Fail, Surrender, Follow, Forfeit, Lose

Our Army is strong enough to prevail over the enemies in a war.

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