The Hindu Vocabulary 28 May 2022

2022-05-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Security in friendship: On Tokyo Quad summit.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Quad

Noun

A quadrangle especially on college campuses.

A quadruplet.

A group of four.

(चतुष्कोण/ क़ैदख़ाना/ वर्गकोशिका)

Quadrangle, Quadruplet, Quadraphonic, Quadrant

-

We were halfway across the quad when the rain started.

Adjective

Having four members or elements.

(जिसके चार सदस्य या तत्व हों।)

-

-

The Quad summit is economic cooperation group.

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

The bilateral summit resulted in many important decisions.

Alliance

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc.

(सन्धि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact

-

A closer alliance between private and public companies is required to work for the betterment of society.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

The report covers the critical analysis of the government strategies and schemes.

Juncture

Noun

A point of time of critical importance.

A serious state of crisis.

An instance of joining.

(समय/ अवसर/ उचित वेल/ उचित समय)

Crossroad, Choice, Circumstance, Condition, Contingency, Crisis

Advantage, Certainty, Peace, Blessing, Calm, Solution

The war between Russia and Ukraine is at a critical juncture.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

We need to protect our house from insect invasion.

Territorial

Adjective

Associated with a particular area or territory.

(क्षेत्रीय)

Provincial, Sectional, National

Universal

The territorial disputes between India and Pakistan are mainly due to a lack of will for solutions.

Noun

A member of the territorial army.

(प्रादेशिक सेना के एक सदस्य)

-

-

Shyam has become a territorial person.

Sovereignty

Verb

Freedom from external control.

The quality of a state having supreme authority.

(प्रभुता/ प्रभुत्व)

Dominance, Jurisdiction, Supremacy, Ascendancy

Submission, Dependence, Subjection, Unfreedom

She enjoyed sovereignty when she left his house for a bachelor’s degree.

Commodity

Verb

An economic good.

Something useful or valuable.

A quantity of goods.

An article of trade or commerce.

(वस्तु/ जिंस/ उपयोगी वस्तु/ पण्य/ पदार्थ)

Asset, Goods, Material, Produce

-

Our district is a major producer of agricultural commodities like wheat and peas.

Condemnation

Noun

The act of judicially condemning.

Strong censure.

(निंदा)

Censure, Commination, Denunciation, Excoriation

Citation, Commendation, Approval, Praise

The measures taken by the government have drawn condemnation from the Supreme Court.

Belligerence

Noun

A warlike aggressive hostile nature.

An act of warfare.

(एक जंगी आक्रामक शत्रुतापूर्ण स्वभाव।)

Aggressiveness, Belligerency, Antagonism, Aggression, Animosity, Bellicoseness

Nonaggression, Pacifism

India is tackling Chinese belligerence calmly.

Adherence

Noun

The quality of support or allegiance.

Steady or faithful.

(अनुपालन/ दृढ़ता/ हिमायत/ निष्ठा)

Adhesion, Bonding, Cling, Loyalty, Faithfulness

Disloyalty, Unsteadiness, Inconstancy

No one can doubt my adherence to the party.

Navigation

Adverb

Movement of ships.

The act of navigating.

The science of getting ships from place to place.

(पथ प्रदर्शन/ नौपरिवहन/ वायुयान-संचालन/ जहाज़-रानी)

Boating, Exploration, Shipping, Aeronautics, Captaincy, Flying

-

You need to master navigation to be a good Air Traffic Controller.

Coercive

Adjective

Relating to or using force or threats.

(बलपूर्वक/ अनिवार्य/ प्रतिरोधी/ प्रतिरोधी)

Forceful, Vigorous, Powerful, Assertive, Harsh, Insistent, Pushing, Bullying, Violent

Weak, Soft, Subtle, Kind, Submissive, Feeble, Lame, Useless

The police officer used coercive measures to get the truth out.

Unilateral

Adjective

Relating to only one side.

Undertaken by one person or party.

Having only one side.

(एक तरफा/ एकांगी)

One-sided, Independent

Bilateral, Plurilateral, Multilateral

A great leader always takes opinion of his associates and do not take unilateral decisions.

Disrupt

Verb

To cause the disorder.

To interrupt by causing a disturbance.

To break apart.

(बाधित/ भंग करना)

Break, Bust, Disintegrate, Fracture, Disturb, Rattle, Breach, Obstruct

Appease, Soothe, Calm, Close

The function of my neighbours disrupted my sleep.

Realpolitik

Noun

Practical politics.

A system of politics based on practical rather than moral considerations.

(राजनीति)

Civics, Government, Governance

-

The analysis of India’s foreign policy tells the realpolitik of India’s reliance on Soviets.

Hegemonic

Noun

Ruling or dominance in a political context.

Having dominance.

(प्रधानता वाली/ शासक/ अधिपति/ सर्वोच्च)

-

-

The public is soon going to remove leaders who try to have hegemonic control of all aspects of society.

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