The Hindu Vocabulary 27 May 2022

2022-05-27

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 27 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Unending tragedy: On U.S. school shootings and gun control debate.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Unending

Adjective

Having no end.

Never Ending.

(असीम/ अनंत/ बेहद/ ख़तम न होनेवाला)

Ceaseless, Constant, Continual, Continous, Eternal, Everlasting, Immortal, Permanent

Bounded, Brief, Broken, Ceasing, Changeable, Completed, Mortal, Transient

The unending wait for the launch of Tesla cars in India is making many buy other companies’ vehicles.

Tragedy

Noun

A fatal event.

An extremely sad situation.

A type of literature or drama that is serious and sad.

A disastrous event.

(त्रासदी/ दुःखद घटना/ शोकपूर्ण घटना/ सुथराई)

Adversity, Calamity, Catastrophe, Failure, Wreck, Hardship, Humiliation, Disaster

Advantage, Benefit, Blessing, Gain, Happiness, Favour, Fortune

My father’s death was a tragedy for our family.

Impose

Verb

To put as by an authority.

To force something to be obeyed.

(थोपना)

Appoint, Foist. Demand, Charge, Fine

Disorder, Displace, Forget, Overlook

It is high time to impose a ban on the sale of weapons in the USA.

Expand

Verb

To increase in extent or size.

To stretch out.

To open out.

To speak in detail.

(विस्तार/ फैलाना/ प्रसार करना/ फुलाना/ बढ़ती करना)

Bolster, Broaden, Develop, Enlarge, Fatten, Heighten, Grow, Increase

Close, Compress, Decrease, Diminish, Halt, End, Shrink, Hinder

We are planning to expand our operations.

Consequence

Noun

A conclusion through logic.

Something produced by a cause following a set of conditions.

The outcome of something.

Importance or significance.

Importance in position.

(परिणाम/ महत्त्व/ नतीजा/ फल)

Aftereffect, Aftermath, Effect, Fallout, Issue, End, Reaction, Repercussion, Concern, Magnitude, Need, Value, Distinction, Eminence

Insignificance, Lowliness, Unimportance, Beginning, Triviality, Cause, Origin, Source

The matter you are discussing is of no consequence.

Unwillingness

Noun

The quality of being unwilling to do something.

(अनिच्छा/ ग़ैर रजामंदी)

Aversion, Reluctance, Diffidence, Dissatisfaction, Distaste, Objection, Opposition, Resistance

Inclination, Willingness, Liking, Love

He showed unwillingness to sell his property at the lakeside.

Outrage

Noun

An act of violence.

An action that violates the standard of behaviour.

Anything that wrongly offends the feelings.

(उल्लंघन/ ज़ुल्म/ अत्याचार)

Shock, Violence, Abuse, Affront, Fury, Indignation, Resentment, Hurt

Happiness, Cheer, Delight, Calm, Advantage, Help, Aid, Benefit, Blessing

Many followers of the famous saint expressed outrage at the court’s decision.

Verb

To subject to violence.

To offend.

To offend against shamelessly.

To violate the standards.

(भंग करना/ व्यतिक्रम करना)

Aggrieve, Incense, Infuriate, Insult

Compliment, Flatter, Gladden, Please, Praise, Aid

His speech outraged almost everyone in the meeting.

Reform

Noun

The improvement of what is wrong.

Removal of errors.

(सुधार/ दोषनिवृत्ति)

Improvement, Advancement, Change, Development

Decline, Decrease, Deterioration, Diminishment

The reforms proposed by the opposition party members will taken into consideration.

Verb

To change into an improved form.

To put an end by enforcing a better course of action.

To become improved.

(सुधारना/ फिर से बनाना/ दोष हटाना/ सुधार करना)

Amend, Improve, Rebuild, Rehabilitate, Remake, Renovate, Reorganize, Resolve

Break, Damage, Destroy, Harm, Hurt, Injure, Ruin, Abandon

The program has been designed to reform the prisoners for good.

Adjective

Relating to favouring reforms.

(सुधारों में सहयोग करने वाला |)

-

-

The pro-reform candidates have won in their constituencies.

Perish

Verb

To die through violence.

To pass away.

To suffer destruction.

To become destroyed.

Cease to exist.

(नाश/ नष्ट हो जाना/ मरना/ तबाह होना/ नाश होना/ लय होना/ समाप्त होना)

Cease, Crumble, Disappear, Disintegrate, Rot, Succumb, Vanish, Wither

Appear, Arrive, Bear, Begin, Build, Grow, Create, Improve, Breathe, Live

Many species have perished over time.

Scarcely

Verb

Not quite.

Definitely not.

By a narrow margin.

Probably not.

(शायद ही/ कठिनता से/ कदाचित ही)

Hardly, Rarely, Imperceptibly, Infrequently, Seldom, Just

Frequently, Commonly, Sufficiently, Adequately

This is scarcely a good time to laugh.

Plea

Noun

A legal suit.

An allegation made by someone in support of a cause.

Something offered by way of excuse.

(दलील)

Appeal, Application, Entreaty, Overture, Action, Apology

Truth, Decision, Sentence, Answer, Reply

The president rejected the mercy plea of the terrorist attack mastermind.

Amendment

Noun

A minor change or addition designed to improve a text, piece of legislation, etc.

(संशोधन)

Modification, Revision, Suggestion, Addendum

Repose, Rest, Worsening

All the suggested amendments have been rejected.

Fiercely

Adverb

In a violent way.

To a high degree.

(जमकर/ प्रचंडतापूर्वक)

Achingly, Archly, Awful, Extremely, Sore, Supremely, Uncommonly, Very, Frantically, Passionately

Little, Negligible, Nominally, Slightly, Calmly, Gently

The competition is getting fiercely tough.

Conservative

Adjective

Tending to maintain existing views.

Marked by moderation.

Cautiously Moderate.

Traditional in style.

(अनुदार/ रूढ़िवादी/ रूढ़ि-प्रिय)

Traditional, Cautious, Constant, Conventional, Firm, Reactionary, Right

Incautious, Changeable, Unfixed, Inconstant, Progressive, Liberal

The conservative policies have kept our country back in time.

Noun

One who is adherent to political conservatism.

One who adheres to traditional methods.

(अपरिवर्तनवादी/ अनुदारपंथी/ रूढ़िवादी व्यक्ति/ दकियानुसी)

Right-winger, Traditionalist, Tory, Classicist, Rightist, Conserver, Preserver

Left-winger, Progressive, Radical, Liberal

He is a prominent leader among conservatives.

Lobby

Noun

A corridor or hall connected with a series of rooms, used as a passage or as a waiting room.

(प्रतीक्षा कक्ष/ प्रकोष्ठ)

Corridor, Doorway, Hall

-

The new bill was supported by the bank lobby.

Verb

To try to influence the actions of legislators.

(पक्ष जुटाव)

Persuade, Press, Push, Request

Discourage, Dissuade, Pull, Repress

The number of senators lobbying for India has increased in the past decade.

Assault

Verb

To make an attack.

(हमला करना/ आक्रमण करना/ धावा करना/ धर्षण करना)

Abuse, Invade, Violate, Shoot down, Rape, Jump, Avance, Assail

Decrease, Praise, Retreat

She assaulted her colleague verbally.

Noun

A sudden violent attack.

(धावा/ वार/ चढ़ाई/ धर्षण)

Aggression, Onslaught, Rape, Strike, Charge, Incursion, Invasion, Offensive

Retreat

He has been accused of sexual assault.

Enforcement

Noun

The act of imposing upon some person.

(प्रवर्तन)

Administration, Application, Imposition, Prosecution

Abandon, Disregard, Forgetfulness, Neglect

The enforcement of road traffic laws is the basic requirement to stop rash driving.

Proliferation

Noun

The growth of cells by multiplication of parts.

A rapid spread or increase.

A great number.

(प्रसार/ फैलाव/ तीव्र वृद्धि/ संतान में बढ़ाव/ प्रजनन)

Generation, Propagation, Reproduction, Procreation, Expansion, Spread

Stagnation

People nearby Nuclear power plants live under a continuous threat of nuclear proliferation.

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