The Hindu Vocabulary 27 October 2022

2022-10-27

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 27 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The job and the man: On Rishi Sunak.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Predecessor

Noun

A person who precedes another in the office.

Ancestor.

(पूर्वज/ पुरखा/ पूर्ववर्ती/ पूर्वाधिकारी)

Antecedent, Archetype, Daddy, Foregoer, Forerunner, Forebear, Former, Antecedent

Derivative, Descendant, Successor

Manmohan Singh is the predecessor of Narendra Modi.

Ethnonationalist

Noun

A person or organization, which believes in the theory that the principal element of national identity is that a government should protect the culture, language, and religion of one group that is considered primary over other cultures or groups in the country.

(जातीय राष्ट्रवादी)

-

-

Many countries are having ethnonationalist leaders as their heads.

Majoritarian

Adjective

Constituting majority.

(बहुमत का गठन।)

-

-

People prefer and support majoritarian politics.

Noun

A person who believes in majoritarianism.

(एक व्यक्ति जो बहुसंख्यकवाद में विश्वास करता है।)

-

-

The majoritarians favoured innovations and rational approaches.

Ascent

Noun

A climb or walk to the summit of a mountain or hill.

An upward movement.

(आरोहण)

Ascendance, Ascension, Climb, Ascending, Acclivity, Grade

Descent, Landing, Lowering, Decline

His ascent to the post of manager came after a long period of hard work.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

Rishi Sunak has taken over the post of UK Prime Minister in a period of political crisis.

Symbolism

Noun

The practice of representing things by symbols.

The act of conveying some invisible meaning using visible representations.

(प्रतीकवाद)

Metaphor, Analogy, Comparison

-

The meetings between political leaders are sometimes rich in symbolism and lack any substance.

Colonial

Noun

An inhabitant of a colony.

(उपनिवेश बसानेवाला/ उपनिवेश संबंधी)

Colonist, Colonizer, Frontersman, Homesteader

-

There are many British colonial families that decided to stay in the colonies of British Empire.

Adjective

Composed of colonies.

Existing in the colony.

Made during a colonial period.

(औपनिवेशिक/ उपनिवेशी)

Crude, Dependent, Dominion, Emigrant

Gentle, Modern, Sophisticated

Colonial administrations were very advanced and ahead of time.

Outright

Adverb

In entirety.

Without restraint.

On the spot.

(सीधे/ दिल खोलकर / सफ़ाई से/ संपूर्ण)

-

-

They had won the championship outright.

Adjective

Complete or total.

Direct.

Made without encumbrance.

Given without reservation.

(प्रत्यक्ष/ सीधा/ खड़ा/ अपरोक्ष)

Absolute, Downright, Pure, Unequivocal, Consummate, Definite, Direct, Entire

Imperfect, Indefinite, Mixed, Partial

I would not be surprised by your outright rejection.

Preside

Verb

To occupy the place of authority.

To exercise management over something.

(अध्यक्षता/ सभापतित्व करना)

Administer, Chair, Govern, Officiate

Follow, Obey, Abandon, Neglect

Justice Sharma is presiding the courtroom.

Deficit

Noun

Shortage of something required

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Arrears, Default, Deficiency, Dues

Abundance, Adequacy, Advantage, Enough, Plenty

There is a deficit in monthly sales.

Hover

Verb

To hang fluttering in the air.

To wait near at hand.

To position a computer cursor over something without selecting it.

To move to and fro near a place.

(मंडराना/ उड़ना/ मंडलाना/ उड्डयिमान होना)

Drift, Flicker, Flutter, Fly

Lie, Rest, Settle

The helicopter was hovering over the building.

Rattle

Noun

A device that produces a rattle.

A rapid succession of sharp clattering sounds.

(खड़खड़/ झुनझुना)

Discord, Rumpus, Tumult, Clatter

Calm, Quietude, Quiet, Silence

He said that he would go mad if he had to endure the rattle of all cars at garage every day.

Verb

To cause a rapid succession of sharp sounds.

To move rapidly with sounds.

(खड़खड़ाना/ जल्दी जल्दी दुहराना)

Bang, Jar, Jolt, Knock, Babble, Cackle, Chat, Chatter, Bewilder, Bother, Confound, Confuse

Appease, Placate, Soothe, Calm, Clarify, Comfort, Enlighten, Explain, Gladden, Help, Order, Organize

The windows rattled because of storm.

Hardliner

Noun

A group that supports strict and fixed ideas that are often extreme.

(कट्टरपंथी)

Extremist, Radical, Fanatic, Zealot

Nonextremist, Moderate

Party is giving tickets to party hardliners only.

Apologist

Noun

A person who makes a defense in speech or writing of a belief or idea.

(क्षमा की प्रार्थना करनेवाला)

Pleader, Polemicist, Defender, Mediator, Adherent, Advocate, Ally, Angel, Backbone, Backer

Enemy, Foe

She was accused of being an apologist for Hitler.

Recession

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

It looks like a recession is not going to occur.

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

2 : 72 :: 3 : ?