The Hindu Vocabulary 28 October 2022

2022-10-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Limits of pleasure: On Kerala Governor-government spat.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Spat

Noun

A quarrel about an unimportant matter

(झगड़ा/ मनमुटाव/ मछली का अंडा/ झापड़)

Altercate, Argue

Harmony, Concord

The spat between the two friends took an ugly form.

Conflate

Verb

combine (two or more texts, ideas, etc.) into one.

(मिलाना)

Confound, Confuse, Mix up, Mistake

Difference, Differentiate, Discriminate, Distinguish, Separate

The movie conflated real-life footage of the cricketer and some dramatized footage.

Seditious

Adjective

Relating to the nature of sedition.

Arouse to take part in sedition.

(दंगे का/ राजद्रोही/ उपद्रवी/ मलिन करनेवाला)

Anarchistic, Bellicose, Defiant, Disloyal, Disobedient, Disorderly

Conciliatory, Pacific, Diplomatic, Calming

Many rioters will face seditious conspiracy charges.

Circumstance

Noun

A condition.

An inevitable condition.

(परिस्थिति/ स्थिति/ घटना/ हालत)

Hyperbole, Oratory, Address, Bombast

Quiet, Conciseness

He has faced some harsh circumstances over the last year.

Verb

To place in particular circumstances.

(विशेष परिस्थितियों में लगाने के लिए ।)

-

-

The company has been circumstanced favourably after receiving both projects.

Unrelenting

Adjective

Not relenting.

Not softening or yielding in determination.

(बेदर्द/ बेरहम/ कठोर)

Adamant, Adamantine, Bull-headed, Continual, Continuous, Persistent

Broken, Ceasing, Changeable, Completed

The Government has to step backward after seeing an unrelenting protest against farm bills.

Evoke

Verb

To call up.

To draw forth.

To cite with approval for support.

(आह्वान/ पुकारना)

Arouse, Conjure, Elicit, Invoke, Provoke, Recall

Calm, Deaden, Decrease, Ignore

The meetings between political leaders are sometimes rich in symbolism and lack any substance.

Doctrine

Noun

A particular principle or belief of a group or government.

Something that is taught.

(सिद्धांत)

Attitude, Axiom, Concept, Precept, Canon, Dogma, Regulation, Rule

Ambiguity, Heterodoxy, Skepticism, Disbelief

He is planning to start an NGO on the doctrine of providing healthcare for the poor.

Underlying

Adjective

Lying or situated beneath.

Fundamental or basic.

Discoverable only by close scrutiny or analysis.

Anterior and prior in the claim.

(सीधे/ दिल खोलकर / सफ़ाई से/ संपूर्ण)

Abecedarian, Basal, Basic, Beginning, Basic, Elemental, Hidden, Bottom

Secondary

The underlying cause of their unhappiness is money.

Infirmity

Noun

A physical weakness.

A quality of being infirm.

A moral weakness.

The condition of being feeble.

(दुर्बलता/ अवसन्नता/ अशक्ति/ निश्शक्तता)

Affliction, Ailment, Deficiency, Frailty

Health, Perfection, Ability, Advantage

Rajesh has to reduce his workload because of his age and infirmity.

Apex

Noun

The uppermost point.

The highest point.

(सर्वोच्च/ चोटी)

Acme, Apogee, Capstone, Nadir, Crest, Meridian, Pinnacle, Crown

Base, Bottom, Nadir

Virat Kohli is at the apex of his form.

Subsequently

Adverb

Later in time.

(इस के बाद)

Afterward, Later, After, Consequently

Earlier, Former, Prior

If you will not perform well in every department then you will be subsequently thrown out of the World Cup.

Deem

Verb

To form an opinion.

To come to judge.

(समझना/ विचार करना/ मान लेना/ निर्णय करना)

Conceive, Figure, Hold, Think, Allow, Assume, Believe, Presume

Disbelieve, Disregard, Forget, Ignore

He deemed it wise to drive slowly.

Litigation

Noun

The process of taking legal action

(मुकदमेबाज़ी)

Action, Case, Dispute, Lawsuit, Prosecution

-

Mr. Bhushan has filed a Public Interest Litigation.

Statutory

Adjective

Required, permitted, or enacted by statute.

(वैधानिक)

Lawful, Legal, Judicial, Rightful

Illegal, Illicit, Unlawful, Illegitimate

National Human Rights Commission is a statutory body.

Tussle

Noun

A rough physical struggle.

An intense argument.

(संघर्ष)

 

Battle, Clash, Combat, Conflict, Brawl, Fray, Scuffle, Skirmish

Agreement, Harmony, Calm, Peace

A tussle for taking over the entire company was going on.

Verb

To engage in a rough struggle.

(जोरदार संघर्ष या हाथापाई में शामिल होना)

Grapple, Scuffle, Wrestle, Tangle, Battle, Box, Battle, Conflict

Agree, Concur

The goalkeeper and the attacker tussled over the ball.

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

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