The Hindu Vocabulary 29 October 2022

2022-10-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Careless threats: On the Ukraine war and the dirty bomb talk.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Escalate

Verb

Increase rapidly

(तीव्र करना)

Soar, Shoot up, Mount, Surge, Go up, Expand

Decline, Decrease, Diminish, Drop, Reduce

Suresh escalated the matter and took it to court.

Allegation

Noun

An assertion made with little or no proof.

(आरोप)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea

Exculpation, Denial

All the allegations were proven to be false.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

His statements conflicted with his actions.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

There was a conflict of interest in investing in a competitor’s company.

Counterpart

Noun

A person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as another person or thing in a different place or situation.

A thing that fits another perfectly.

One having the same functions as another.

(समकक्ष/ प्रतिरूप/ प्रतिस्थानी/ प्रतिलेख)

Equivalent, Peer, Equal, Parallel, Match, Coequal, Compeer, Fellow, Match, Doppelganger

Enemy, Foe, Adversary, Rival, Opposite

PM Modi talked to his Russian counterpart and resolved the issue.

Conventional

Adjective

Conforming to accepted standards.

Pertaining to general agreement.

Ordinary rather than different.

(पारंपरिक/ रूढ़/ परम्परागत)

Current, Ordinary, Regular, Traditional, typical, Accepted, Rigid, Bigoted, Bourgeois, Conforming

Abnormal, Different, Extraordinary, Irregular, rare, Exotic, Foreign, Strange, Uncommon

The company follows conventional methods of production and manufacturing.  

Swathe

Noun

A band of linen.

(तह)

-

-

He wrapped the Laxmi and Ganesha idols inside a cotton swathe.

Verb

To wrap fully.

(लपेटना)

Bandage, Clothe

Uncover

The workers swathed the glass products with bubble wrap.

Uninhabitable

Noun

Not capable of being lived in.

(निर्जन)

Dilapidated, Unlivable, Run down, Unoccupiable

Inhabitable, Livable

The Jungle Safari seems cool but it is a place that is uninhabitable for Humans.

Brink

Noun

The edge of a steep place.

A river bank.

(कगार/ तट)

Fringe, Periphery

Center, Middle

He is on the brink of a financial collapse.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The environment is in crisis these days.

Tantamount

Adjective

Equal in value.

Equivalent in seriousness.

(समान/ बराबर)

Par, Identical, Commensurate, Alike

Dissimilar, Different

His speech was tantamount to the start of a war.

Armageddon

Verb

The place where the final battle between the armies of good and evil is fought.

The last battle.

Any crucial conflict.

(समझना/ विचार करना/ मान लेना/ निर्णय करना)

Annihilation, Cataclysm, Catastrophe, Devastation, Arena, Battleground, Apocalypse, Holocaust

Happiness, Miracle, Wonder

Peace and Harmony can be achieved only after nuclear disarmament and thus eliminating the threats of a nuclear Armageddon.

Deteriorate

Verb

Become progressively worse.

To disintegrate or wear away.

(बिगड़ना)

Worsen, Degenerate, Collapse, Fall

Improve, Rise, Heal, Elevate

My school bag has deteriorated due to the rain.

Intend

Verb

Have in mind, Determine

(इरादा करना)

Aim, Contemplate, Destine, Expect

Disbelieve, Disregard, Forget, Ignore

I never intended to hurt you.

Liberate

Verb

To set free from bondage.

To free an area from the control of a foreign government.

(मुक्त करना/ स्वतंत्र करना/ रिहा करना/ स्वाधीन करना)

Emancipate, Free, Rescue, Save

Hold, Incarcerate, Detain, Imprison

Rebel groups were trying to liberate their state.

Maximalist

Noun

A person who favours a radical or immediate and direct approach to achieve the completion of a program.

(अधिकतमवादी/ महिष्टवादी/ अपनी सर्वोच्च माँग पर डटा रहनेवाला व्यक्ति)

-

Minimalist

Many countries in the world are sometimes maximalist and sometimes minimalist depending on their situation.

Humanitarian

Adjective

Having concern for the welfare and happiness of people.

(मानवीय)

Altruistic, Charitable, Humane, Philanthropic

Ailing, Unfit, Fragile, Impotent

India takes decisions based on humanitarian grounds.

Noun

A person promoting activities of human welfare.

(मानवतावादी)

Altruist, Benefactor, Helper, Patron

Opponent, Egoist, Stingy

Many businessmen are humanitarian as well.

Stakeholder

Noun

A person with an interest or concern in something, especially a business.

(हितधारक)

Collaborator, Colleague, Partner, Shareholder, Associate

-

Now Elon Musk is the majority stakeholder on Twitter.

Rhetoric

Noun

The art or ability to use language effectively.

(भाषण कला)

Hyperbole, Oratory, Address, Bombast

Quiet, Conciseness

Many people try to run an anti-government rhetoric irrespective of what is right and what is wrong.

Geopolitical

Adjective

Relating to geopolitics.

(भू-राजनैतिक)

-

-

India is dealing with a complex geopolitical circumstance at the movement.

Cataclysmic

Adverb

Relating to cataclysm.

Having the effect of cataclysm.

A violent event marked by overwhelming upheaval and demolition.

(दुर्घटना/ प्रलय संबंधी/ विप्लव संबंधी)

Calamitous, Catastrophic, Disastrous, Fatal

Advantageous, Blessed, Fortunate, Happy

In 2008, The world faced an economic cataclysm.

Conscious

Adjective

Aware of one’s own existence.

Having the mental faculties fully active.

Aware of what one is doing.

(सचेत/ सचेतन)

Attentive, Aware, Certain, Cognizant, Calculated, Deliberate, Premeditated, Rational

Careless, Heedless, Ignorant, Inattentive, Impassive, Indifferent, Senseless, Unaware

He is a conscious liar.

Annexation

Noun

The act of seizing, especially territory.

(राज्य-हरण)

Incorporation, Takeover, Addition, Appropriation, Merger

Decrease, Loss, Subtraction

The annexation of many small kingdoms took place during the 1947 era.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat