The Hindu Vocabulary 6 September 2023

2023-09-06

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 6 September 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Tiers apart: On the ‘one nation, one election’ trial balloon".

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Millitates

 Verb

To oppose or work against something, typically a problem or obstacle.

(विरोध)

Oppose, Resist, Counter, Confront, Combat, Challenge, Defy, Contravene, Dispute, Contend.

Support, Aid, Assist, Promote, Advocate, Encourage, Foster, Bolster, Uphold, Back.

His lack of cooperation with the team constantly militates against their progress on the project.

Federalism

 Noun

A system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and individual states or provinces, allowing each level of government to have its own set of powers and responsibilities.

(संघटनवाद)

Alliance, Confederation, Coalition, Union, Federation, League, Compact, Guild, Syndicate, Confederacy.

Dictatorship, Monarchy, Totalitarianism, Authoritarianism, Despotism, Oligarchy, Tyranny, Centralization, Unitarism.

Federalism promotes a balance of power between the central government and regional authorities.

Perception

 Noun

Perception is how we interpret sensory information from our environment to understand the world.

(धारणा)

Awareness, Comprehension, Cognition, Understanding, Apprehension, Insight, Recognition, Sensation, Discernment, Observation.

Ignorance, Misunderstanding, Incomprehension, Confusion, Unawareness, Obliviousness, Unconsciousness, Indifference, Disregard, Neglect.

Perception shapes our understanding of reality, making it a vital aspect of human cognition.

Mandate

Noun

Typically refers to an official order or command given by an authority or government to carry out a specific action, often with the backing of laws or regulations.

(मान्यता)

Edict, Decree, Order, Command, Directive, Instruction, Authorization, Dictum, Pronouncement, Enactment.

Suggestion, Proposal, Request, Plea, Appeal, Entreaty, Petition, Supplication, Inquiry, Query.

The government issued a mandate requiring all citizens to wear masks in public places during the pandemic.

Demarcation

 Noun

The act of defining or marking the boundaries or limits of something.

(विभाजन)

Boundary, Border, Division, Separation, Limitation, Definition, Partition, Delimitation, Borderline, Segmentation.

Connection, Union, Integration, Merging, Amalgamation, Blending, Fusion, Confluence, Conjoining, Unity.

The demarcation between the two properties was clearly indicated by the fence.

Varied

 Adjective

Diverse or having many different forms, types, or elements.

(विविध)

Diverse, Different, Various, Assorted, Heterogeneous, Multifarious, Manifold, Mixed, Sundry, Heterogenous.

Uniform, Homogeneous, Consistent, Identical, Similar, Monotonous, Unvaried, Constant, Unchanging, Unvarying.

Her wardrobe contained a varied collection of clothing styles from different eras.

Affiliation

 Noun

The act of officially joining or associating with a group, organization, or institution.

(संबंधन)

Association, Connection, Membership, Relationship, Alliance, Partnership, Link, Tie-up, Cooperation, Integration.

Disassociation, Disaffiliation, Separation, Disconnection, Dissociation, Isolation, Detachment, Division, Severance, Alienation.

His affiliation with the prestigious university opened up many opportunities for research and collaboration.

Coalesced

 Verb

To come together or unite to form a single entity or whole.

(मिल जाना)

Merge, Unite, Combine, Blend, Fuse, Consolidate, Incorporate, Conjoin, Integrate, Amalgamate.

Separate, Divide, Disperse, Diverge, Isolate, Detach, Disunite, Scatter, Break, Disintegrate.

The two companies coalesced to create a stronger and more competitive business entity.

Feasibility

 Noun

Feasibility refers to the practicality or possibility of something being accomplished or implemented.

(व्यावसायिकता)

Viability, Practicability, Possibility, Workability, Doability, Suitability, Capability, Potential, Likelihood, Practicality.

Impracticality, Infeasibility, Impossibility, Unfeasibility, Unrealism, Improbability, Inaptitude, Inappropriateness, Inability, Unlikelihood.

The feasibility study determined that the construction project was financially viable and could proceed as planned.

Ratification

 Noun

The formal approval or acceptance of something, often through a vote or official process.

(पुष्टि)

Confirmation, Endorsement, Approval, Validation, Acceptance, Authorization, Sanction, Consent, Affirmation, Adoption.

Rejection, Denial, Refusal, Disapproval, Veto, Dissent, Disavowal, Repudiation, Opposition, Dissension.

The ratification of the treaty by both nations marked a significant step towards peace and cooperation.

Scrutiny

 Noun

Scrutiny is the careful examination or inspection of something.

(जांच)

Examination, Inspection, Analysis, Investigation, Review, Evaluation, Assessment, Appraisal, Study, Observation.

Neglect, Oversight, Disregard, Inattention, Carelessness, Nonchalance, Ignorance, Blindness, Avoidance, Indifference.

The financial records underwent thorough scrutiny to ensure accuracy and compliance with regulations.

Flawed

 Adjective

 Having imperfections or defects; not perfect.

(दोषपूर्ण)

Imperfect, Defective, Faulty, Blemished, Marred, Incomplete, Damaged, Flaw-ridden, Impaired, Substandard.

Perfect, Impeccable, Faultless, Flawless, Unblemished, Unimpaired, Intact, Outstanding, Exceptional, Ideal.

The plan had a flawed design that needed to be revised to avoid potential problems.

Dissolution

Noun

The act of ending, disbanding, or breaking apart, often referring to the termination of an organization or the process of a solid dissolving into a liquid.

(विघटन)

Disintegration, Disbandment, Termination, Dispersal, Dissolving, Separation, Closure, Disunion, Discontinuation, Ending.

Formation, Establishment, Union, Integration, Continuation, Unity, Commencement, Inception, Creation, Beginning.

The dissolution of the company resulted from financial difficulties and disagreements among its shareholders.

 

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___________ is the change in total utility due to consumption of one additional unit of a commodity. / ____ एक वस्तु की एक अतिरिक्त इकाई की खपत के कारण कुल उपयोगिता में परिवर्तन है।


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