The Hindu Vocabulary 22 December 2022

2022-12-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Ties with Taliban: On why India should stop engaging with the repressive regime.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Engage

Verb

To do some activity actively.

To involve in conversation with someone.

To enter into a contest or battle with someone.

(काम पर लगाना/ लड़ना)

Employ, Arrest, Fascinate, Catch, Face, Meet, Join, Lock

Shun, Disenchant, Free, Break, Retreat, Surrender, Detach, Disconnect

Both parties are engaged in a legal battle over land distribution.

Repressive

Adjective

(especially in a social or political system) inhibiting or restraining the freedom of a person or group of people.

(अत्याचारी)

Harsh, Cruel, Brutal, Crushing, Oppressive

Kind, Gentle, Humble, Generous

There are protests all across the region against repressive laws passed by the house.

Curtail

Verb

Reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.

(कम करना)

Reduce, Cut, Cut down, Decrease, Lessen, Diminish, Retrench, Shrink

Increase, Lengthen, Surge, Rise, Grow, Enlarge

In situations like war and violence, many civil rights are curtailed.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

A set of rules about food or exercise that some people follow to stay healthy.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

There is a global negative image of the Chinese regime and its way of operating.

Outrageous

Adjective

Passing reasonable bounds.

Grossly offensive to the sense of right.

(अपमानजनक/ बेरहम)

Barbaric, Brazen, Disgraceful, Egregious

Clean, Gentle, Mild, Moral

He was asked to leave the premises because of his outrageous behaviour.

Societal

Adjective

 

Relating to society.

Relating to the way a society is organized.

(सामाजिक)

Social, Amusing, Civil

-

He was not ready to leave his job due to societal norms.

Decrees

Noun

A formal and authoritative order. (हुक्मनामा)

Act, Announcement, Directive, Edict

Petition, Plea, Answer, Disorganization

The law and its implementation have been annulled by a judicial decree.

Flogging

Noun

A beating with a whip or scourge.

A beating with a whip repeatedly.

(जिस्मानी सज़ा/ दण्डरूप में बेंत की मार)

Whipping, Beating, Caning, Flagellation

-

In ancient times, flogging was a common punishment.

Chaperone

Verb

To attend as a chaperone.

To act as a chaperone.

(संरक्षक के रूप में देखभाल करना)

Escort, Guard

Forget, Ignore

Her mother always chaperoned the school dance parties.

Rational

Adjective

If someone is considered rational, it means they are sensible and make decisions based on reason and not on emotions.

(विवेकी)

Urging, Goading

Suppression, Discouragement

It is not easy to make rational decisions when feelings and emotions are involved.

Diplomatic

Adjective

Connected with diplomacy

(कूटनीतिक)

Conciliatory, Gracious, Polite, Strategic

Rude, Impolite, Artless, Tactless

A diplomatic solution to many problems can be easier than a military one.

Ensure

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

The manager ensured us that our job was secured.

Plead

Verb

Make an emotional appeal.

To appeal.

To argue in a court of law.

To argue against a claim.

(निवेदन करना/ वकालत करना/ तर्क के रूप में प्रस्तुत करना/ पक्ष-समर्थन करना)

Appeal, Ask, Petition, Pray. Solicit, Implore, Importune, Supplicate, Beseech, Allege, Argue, Assert, Cite

Deny, Decide, Punish, Reply, Ignore, Answer, Sentence, Refuse

He pleaded to the judge that he is not guilty.

Acknowledge

Verb

Accept or admit the existence or truth of

Recognize the fact or importance or quality of.

(स्वीकार करना)

Admit, Accept, Grant, Confess, Appreciate

Decline, Deny, Disagree, Disapprove

He acknowledged my achievements in his speech.

Thrust

Verb

To force an entrance or passage.

To push forcibly.

(धक्का देना/ प्रेरित करना)

Dig, Elbow, Heave, Interject

Sink, Plummet, Retreat, Stop

Rajesh thrust his hands into his pocket.

Deprivation

Noun

If someone suffers deprivation, it means they are being prevented to have what they want or need.

The state of being kept away from possessing or enjoying something.

(हानि/ अपहरण)

Loss, Privation, Destitution, Hardship

Control, Possession, Advantage, Benefit

She is researching the effects of sleep deprivation.

Hardship

Noun

A difficult condition.

Something that causes suffering.

(कष्ट)

Adversity, Calamity, Catastrophe, Danger

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

She has faced many hardships in the last few years.

Goodwill

Noun

Friendly disposition.

A kind feeling of support and approval for someone.

(साख/ हादिक्रता)

Altruism, Philanthropy

Hostility

He accepted the terms of the contract with goodwill.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat