The Hindu Vocabulary 21 December 2022

2022-12-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Prosecuting Trump: On the unanimous decision by the U.S. House committee.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Prosecute

Verb

To follow to the end.

To bring legal action against a crime.

To carry on a legal suit.

(पीछा करना/ अनुसरण करना/ निर्वाह करना/ मुक़दमा करना)

Arraign, Indict, Litigate, Sue, Summon, Try, Contest, Conduct, Engage, Execute, Pursue, Continue, Direct

Exonerate, Halt, Cease, Clear, Liberate, Pardon, Free, Ignore, Leave, Neglect, fail

He decided not to proceed legally to get the thief prosecuted after he stole his ring because he returned it.

Unanimous

Adjective

Of one mind.

In complete agreement and having the consent of all.

(एकमत/ एकदिल)

Consistent, Solid, Unified, United

Divided, Split, Conflicting, Contrary

A unanimous decision to protect our heritage was received well by our critics as well.

Committee

Noun

A group of persons elected or selected to perform a specific duty such as to investigate, to research, to take action, to organize, etc.

(कमेटी)

Board, Bureau, Cabinet

Individual

The Supreme Court has asked the government to constitute a committee to investigate the matter.

Indict

Verb

To charge with an offense or crime.

To charge with a crime by finding of a jury.

(दोषी ठहराने)

Arraign, Censure, Charge, Impeach

Exonerate, Free, Absolve, Acquit

He was indicted by the jury on corruption charges.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

He was charged with tampering evidence.

Setback

Noun

 

A checking of progress.

An instance of setting back.

A reversal in progress.

(नाकामयाबी/ देर/ विलंब/ गिरना)

Blow, Defeat, Delay, Difficulty, Hindrance, Impediment, Misfortune, Obstacle

Advance, Assistance, Advantage, Aid

It was a huge setback for Argentina to lose against Saudi Arabia, but they came back and won the FIFA World Cup 2022.

Turbulent

Adjective

Being in a state of agitation.

(उपद्रवी/ अशांत)

Bitter, Bumpy, Choppy, Fierce

Agreeable, Calm, Gentle, Kind

He described two years as turbulent years of his life.

Allege

Verb

To assert without proof

To assert to be true, especially in a formal manner, as in court

 (महासंघ)

Testify, Affirm, Avouch, Charge, Cite

Deny, Dissent, Protest, Disagree

He was alleged of inciting violence in campus.

Disseminate

Verb

Spread information widely

(प्रसार)

Advertise, Circulate, Disperse, Propagate, Publish

Conceal, Hide, Collect, Gather

Radio is a very useful medium to disseminate information.

Incitement

Noun

The state of inciting.

The act of making people behave violently or illegally.

(शह/ उत्तेजना/ प्रोत्साहन/ भड़काव)

Urging, Goading

Suppression, Discouragement

He was accused of incitement of whole violent activity at the place of worship.

Insurrection

Noun

An act of rising in revolt against the established government.

(विद्रोह/ बलवा)

Coup, Insurgency, Mutiny, Revolt

Calm, Peace, Compliance, Obedience

The famous insurrection of the slaves in ancient Rome is an interesting event for historians.

Assessment

Noun

The act of evaluation.

The act or instance of making a judgment about something after evaluating it.

(मूल्यांकन/ लगान)

Appraisal, Estimate, Judgment, Computation

-

The expert’s team is performing an assessment of damage in the flood-hit region.

Cite

Verb

To call upon officially or authoritatively to appear (as before a court)

(अदालत में तलब करना)

Call, Order, Command, Summon

Ignore

He cited my name in his address to the house.

To quote by way of example, authority or proof

(उदाहरणार्थ प्रस्तुत करना)

Allege, Allude to, Indicate, Mention, Offer

Conceal, Deny, Take, Withhold

He cited my work in his book.

Incapacitated

Verb

To deprive of natural power.

To make legally ineligible.

(अशक्त करना/ अक्षम करना)

Cripple, Disable, Immobilize, Maim

Aid, Assist, Enable, Help

His betrayal has incapacitated the organization.

Partisan

Noun

A supporter of a person, cause, or a group

(पक्षपाती)

Backer, Defender, Zealot, Follower

Adversary, Antagonist, Opponent

The teacher has been partisan towards students from his region.

Adjective

Prejudiced or blind adherence in favour of something.

(पक्षपातपूर्ण)

Biased, Partial, Prejudiced

Disinterested, Equal, Equitable, Objective

Shyam played a partisan role in the cricket team.

Precedent

Noun

Any act or decision that serves as an example in subsequent situations.

(मिसाल/ पूर्व उदाहरण)

Antecedent, Criterion, Exemplar, Instance

After, Ensuing, Following, Later

The verdict given in the court had no precedent.

Adjective

Prior in time or order.

Coming before something.

(समय, क्रम, या महत्व में पूर्ववर्ती)

Antecedent, Anterior, Foregoing, Former

After, Ensuing, Following, Later

His irritating behaviour can be explained through precedent events in her life.

Ramification

Noun

A consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome.

(परिणाम)

Complication, Consequence, Upshot, Subdivision, Bifurcation

Cause, Origin, Juncture, Union, Source

If you break the rules, the ramifications will be severe.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

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