The Hindu Vocabulary 20 December 2022

2022-12-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled “A planet in crisis: on tangible outcomes from biological diversity convention.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

I am unable to understand how to handle everyone during this crisis.

Tangible

Adjective

That can be clearly seen to exist

(स्‍पष्‍ट और वास्‍तविक)

Palpable, Touchable, Actual, Corporeal

Abstract, Conceptual, Intangible, Unreal

I can see tangible benefits in this deal.

Outcome

Noun

The situation that exists at the end of a process or an activity. (नतीजा)

Conclusion, Event, Fallout, Issue

Cause, Source, Origin, Start

His depression was the outcome of his constant failure.

Biological

Adjective

Relating to biology or living organisms

Genetically related

(जैविक)

Biotic, Organic, Living, Botanical, Zoological

-

He claimed his rights of being the biological son of Mr. Rajshri Gupta.

Diversity

Noun

The state of being diverse, variety

(विविधता)

Diversification, Assortment, Dissimilarity, Distinction, Divergence, Medley

Agreement, Sameness, Similarity

Tropical forests are known for their high biological diversity.

Convention

Noun

A large formal meeting of members and representatives for discussion on matters of common concern.

An agreement between countries covering particular matters, especially one less formal than a treaty.

(सम्मेलन/ अभिसमय)

Summit, Meeting, Show, Assemblage, Assembly, Agreement, Accord, Protocol, Pact, Treaty

Disagreement, Discord, Strangeness, Bad Manners

Many countries have ratified the convention on the law of the seas.

Framework

Noun

A basic structure or plan of concepts or rules.

A basic conceptional structure of ideas.

The large branches of the tree that determine its shape.

(रूपरेखा/ ढांचा/ तंत्र/ बनावट/ चौखटा)

Groundwork, Plan, Scheme, Structure, Cage, Architecture, Cadre, Edifice, Infrastructure, Skeleton

-

We prepared a framework for the agenda to be discussed in the next meeting.

Retinue

Noun

A group of advisers, assistants, or others accompanying an important person.

(परिचारक वर्ग)

Entourage, Band, Cortege, Crew, Escort, Following, Procession

-

The businessman was followed by a retinue of security guards.

Contentious

Adjective

Causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial. (विवादास्पद)

Antagonistic, Combative, Testy, Belligerent, Disagreeable

Agreeable

Caste and Religion are contentious topics among politicians.

Huddle

Noun

A crowded or confused mass of people or things.

(भीड़-भाड़)

Crowd, Gathering, Throng, Flock, Swarm, Pack, Cluster

Arrangement, Calm, Harmony, Individual, Method

He is an expert at handling the huddle.

Capitalism

Noun

An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.

(पूंजीवाद)

Commercialism, Competition, Democracy, Industrialism, Mercantilism

Communism

The new regime favours capitalism.

Cyclones

Noun

Destructive wind

(चक्रवात)

Monsoon, Typhoon, Gale, Hurricane, Storm, Tempest, Tornado

-

The cyclone is likely to die out before reaching the land.

Wrought

Adjective

Made or fashioned in a specified way.

Deeply stirred

(बनाया हुआ)

Particular, Specific, Fixed, Set, determined, Distinct

General, Common, Usual, Traditional

Since wrought iron has been used, you should not be worried about its durability.

Extinction

Noun

The fact or process of a species, family, or other group of animals or plants becoming extinct.

(समाप्ति)

Dying out, Annihilation, Destruction, Obsolescence, Elimination

-

We need to preserve biodiversity from extinction.

Evoke

Verb

Induce

(आह्वान)

Arouse, Conjure, Elicit, Provoke, Excite

Calm, Ignore, Repress, Stop

My father evoked me to prepare for the civil services exam.

Anachronistic

Adjective

Belonging to a period other than that being portrayed.

Characterizing out of date or old fashioned.

Pertaining to anachronism.

(कालभ्रमित/ कालदोष-युक्त)

Bitter, Bleak, Grim, Hard, Rigid, Sharp, Punitive, Brutal, Relentless, Ruthless

Bland, Bright, Low, Mild, Calm, Agreeable, Bland, Cheerful

Some of the rituals performed in India are anachronistic.

Adage

Noun

A saying often in a metaphorical form that expresses a common observation.

(कहावत/ लोकोक्ति/ सुक्ति/ कथन)

Aphorism, Axiom, Maxim, Motto, Precept, Dictum, Saying, Word

-

Old is Gold is one of the famous adages.

Negotiations

Noun

Discussion aimed at reaching an agreement.

(बातचीत)

Agreement, Arbitration, Conference, Consultation, Debate, Diplomacy, Discussion, Intervention

Disagreement

A draft for negotiation will be ready by this week.

 

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

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