The Hindu Vocabulary 17 December 2022

2022-12-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Warning sign: On a fresh India-China faceoff.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Faceoff

Noun

An argument that is meant to settle a dispute.

An open confrontation.

(सामना करना)

Argument, Conflict, Battle

Harmony, Peace

A face-off between the two parties is in the process.

Transgression

Noun

An act of violating a law.

(उल्लंघन)

Offense, Crime, Sin, Wrong, Breach, Crime, Error, Fault

Obedience, Perfection, Submission, Goodness, Virtue, Behaviour, Kindness, Noncrime

He was arrested for the transgression of laws.

Precarious

Adjective

Not safe or steady.

Dependent on chance.

(अनिश्चित)

Dangerous, Hazardous, Dicey, Insecure

Certain, Definite, Guarded, Happy

Their wealth was precarious, liable to be seized by the government in accounts of illegal activities.

Incident

Noun

An event or occurrence

(घटना)

Circumstance, Episode, Fact, Scene, Event, Adventure

-

The recent incident has shocked our neighbours.

Adjective

Likely to happen because of; resulting from.

(विशेष रूप से एक मामूली परिणाम के रूप में होने की संभावना)

Accompanying, Attending, Concomitant

Asynchronous, Non-Synchronous, Nonsimultaneous

She was in the post-incident analysis team.

Criticise

Verb

To act as a critic.

To point out the faults of someone or something.

To consider the merits and demerits and judge accordingly.

(आलोचना करना)

Blame, Blast, Castigate, Excoriate, Review, Scrutinize

Approve, Commend, Compliment, Exonerate, Praise, Estimate

She criticized the restaurant very badly.

Reticence

Noun

The quality of being reserved.

(अल्पभाषिता)

Hesitation, Shyness, Closeness, Reserve

Willingness, Conviction

The traditional emotional reticence of some people harms their overall personality.

Walkout

Adjective

Worthy of attracting attention especially because of some special excellence.

(हड़ताल)

Parade, Protest, Escape

Arrival, Coming

The speaker was worried about the walkouts of the members.

Flare

Noun

A fire or blaze of light that is used to attract attention.

(चमक/ झुलमुलाती हुई चमक)

Burst, Flicker, Outbreak

Slump, Calm

The flare of election results can be felt by us.

Verb

To burn with an unsteady flame.

To become more violent.

(हिलती ज्वाला से चमकना/ फूलना)

Blaze, Explode

Decrease, Peace

The flames were flaring out of the torch.

Unresolved

Adjective

Not having been solved.

(अनसुलझे)

Moot, Pending, Unanswered, Undecided

Certain, Decided

The producers left the mystery unresolved in the movie.

Patrol

Noun

A person or group of persons to keep watch over an area, especially guards or police walking or driving around at regular intervals.

(पहरा/ पहरेदार)

Vigilance, Garrison

Avoid, Ignore

The patrol party takes the round of the entire facility four times a night.

Verb

To maintain the order and security of an area.

(पहरा करना/ रक्षा करना)

Cruise, Inspect

Ignore, Neglect

The members of the society asked the guard to patrol throughout the night cautiously.

Disengagement

Noun

The act of disengaging.

(मुक्ति/ रिहाई)

Disconnection, Separation, Withdrawal, Break

Impede, Obstruct, Hamper, Block

Both countries have agreed upon the disengagement of the armed forces.

Unilaterally

Adverb

Involving only one person.

Decided by only one person.

(एकतरफा/ इकतरफ़ा)

One-sidedly, Independently

Bilaterally, Plurilaterally, Multilaterally

If you want everyone to feel involved, then decisions should not be taken unilaterally.

Mutually

Adverb

In a reciprocal way.

(परस्पर)

Commonly, Jointly

Dissimilarly, Distinctly

Despite having some differences, both organizations are mutually supportive.

Modus Vivendi

Noun

An agreement allowing conflicting parties to coexist peacefully until a final settlement is reached.

A way of living.

(अंतिम समझौता होने तक परस्पर विरोधी पक्षों को शांतिपूर्वक सह-अस्तित्व की अनुमति देने वाला समझौता/ जीवन शैली।)

-

-

Both parties have finally reached a modus vivendi.

Emerge

Verb

To come out.

To come into view.

To arise.

(उभरना/ प्रकट होना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

He emerged out of nowhere and helped us.

Transparency

Noun

The quality to see through something.

(पारदर्शिता)

Clarity, Clearness, Limpidity, Lucency

Cloudiness, Opacity, Turbidity, Turbidness

There should be transparency between us if we want a long-term association.

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

G20 is a multilateral summit of the top economies of the world.

Untenable

Adjective

Incapable of being defended.

Incapable of being sustained.

Not able to be occupied.

(अस्थिर/ असमर्थनीय)

Illogical, Flawed, Unsupportable, Unsound

Logical, Defendable

I am not sure if I can take you out of such an untenable position.

Transpire

Verb

To occur.

To emit.

(मालूम हो जाना)

Arise, Befall, Ensue, Betide

Cause, Stop

No one is going to forget any of the events that transpired on that day.

Resumption

Noun

The act of resuming something.

(पुनरारंभ)

Restart, Reinstitution, Continuation, Renewal, Resurgence, Revival

Closure

The local authority has finalized the resumption of the children’s park.

Multilateral

Adjective

Having many sides.

Participated by more than two parties.

(बहुपक्षीय)

-

-

Some nations were not in favour of a multilateral trade agreement.

Barring

Preposition

Excluding something as an exception.

Except for.

(को छोड़कर/ के सिवाय/ बिना)

Except for, Excepting, Bar, Other than, Apart from, Aside from, Besides, But

All, Inclusive

Barring any traffic jams, I will reach on time.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

Ukraine is in crisis for almost a year.

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

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