The Hindu Vocabulary 16 December 2022

2022-12-16

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 16 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘An energy conundrum: On India betting big on solar power’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conundrum

Noun

A riddle or puzzle.

An intricate and difficult problem

(पहेली)

Enigma, Mystery, Puzzle, Riddle, Secret

-

Shanu is faced with a conundrum of trying to save his mother without having enough money.

Transformation

Noun

A thorough or dramatic change in form or appearance.

(परिवर्तन)

Change, Alteration, Modification, Variation, Conversion, Revision, Amendment, Evolution

-

The park will be part of a transformation of the nearby lake.

Commitment


Noun

An agreement or pledge to do something in the future.

(प्रतिबद्धता)

Assurance, Promise, Pledge, Vow, Guarantee, Oath

Disbelief, Mistrust, Fake, Deceive, Cheat

India has made a commitment to source most of its energy from renewable resources by 2030.

Disclosure

Noun

The action of making new or secret information known.

(परदाफ़ाश)

Revelation, Divulgence, Declaration, Announcement, News, Report, Expose, Confession

Concealment, Denial, Secret

We were waiting for the disclosure of the final results.

Headwind

Noun

Wind in the opposite direction of the course of movement.

A situation that is unfavourable to the course of action.

(विपरीत परिस्थितियों)

Opposite

Support, Catalyst

The government is facing a headwind from the local population regarding the acquisition of land.

Quest

Noun

A long or arduous search for something.

(तलाश)

Search, Hunt, Pursuit, Investigation, Research

-

His quest for his birth mother has finally ended.

Facilitate

Verb

Make an action or process easy or easier

(सुगम बनाना)

Aid, Ease, Expedite, Further, Promote, Speed, Simplify

Block, Cease, Check, Delay, Halt, Hinder

The new company policy will facilitate a better working environment.

Tardy

Adjective

Delaying or delayed beyond the right or expected time; late.

(मंदा)

Late, Unpunctual, Behind, Overdue, Behindhand

Punctual, Early, On time, Prompt

There has been tardy progress in your recovery.

Acquire

Verb

Buy or Obtain for oneself

Learn or develop a skill, habit or quality

(अधिग्रहण करना)

Achieve, Bring in, Take, Collect, Earn, Gain

Disperse, Divide, Misunderstand, Fail, Lose

The government is unable to acquire the land in the village.

Halt

Verb

To stop temporarily or permanently.

To cease a journey.

(डेरा डालना)

Adjourn, Arrest, Bar, Block, Dither, Hobble, Limp, Hamper

Continue, Persist, Stay, Remain, Advance, Allow, Assist, Begin

The train was halted due to a medical emergency.

Noun

A permanent or temporary stop.

(पड़ाव)

Cutoff, Freeze, Interruption, Layoff, Deadlock, Impasse, Standoff

Stride, Continuation, Start, Beginning

We decided to put a halt to our restaurant owing to losses.

Encroach

Verb

To advance beyond the proper limits.

To enter by gradual steps into the possessions of others.

(अतिक्रमण करना/ अनधिकार प्रवेश करना/ दबा लेना/ अधिक्रमण करना)

Impinge, Infringe, Intrude, Trespass

Give, Ignore

Human developmental activities have encroached on the habitat of many animals.

Notwithstanding

Adverb

Nevertheless.

Anyway.

(इसके बावजूद)

Nevertheless, Nonetheless, Withal, Yet

-

Notwithstanding his fault, he was adamant to divorce her.

Conjunction

In spite the fact that.

(हालांकि)

Although

-

Rohini could not clear the exam notwithstanding she has been preparing for the last two years.

Lagging

Verb

Fail to keep up with another or others in movement or development.

(पीछे रह जाना)

Fall behind, Straggle, Linger, Dally, Dawdle

Lead, Keep up, Hurry, Guide, Conduct, Usher

You are lagging behind in your syllabus.

Parity

Noun

The state or condition of being equal, especially as regards status or pay.

(समानता, समतुल्यता)

Equality, Equivalence, Sameness, Consistency, Congruence, Unity

Dissimilarity, Disparity, Difference, Discord, Disagreement

There was no parity of income between the two colleagues working on the same post.

Concession

Noun

A thing that is granted, especially in response to demands.

(छूट)

Adjustment, Modification, Allowance, Exception

Raise, Increase, Increment, Denial

He provided us with additional concessions in the policy.

Viability

Noun

Ability to work successfully.

(व्यवहार्यता)

Activity, Growth, Survival, Endurance

Abstract, Inanimate, Apathy, Inactivity

The commercial viability of the product needs to be ensured.

Panacea

Noun

A solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases.

(रामबाण)

Elixir, Nostrum, Catholicon, Cure, Relief, Remedy

Disease, Injury, Pain

The new product will act as a panacea for hair loss.

 

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

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