The Hindu Vocabulary 15 December 2022

2022-12-15

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 15 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Gujarat as a Model'.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Empathetic

Adjective

Showing an ability to understand and share the feelings of another.

(सहानुभूतिपूर्ण)

Sensitive, Emotive, Sympathy, Sensibility, Feeling, Awareness

Distance, Space, Gap, Afar, Differences

He was empathetic towards his colleagues fighting for their rights.

Paradigm

Noun

A typical example or pattern of something; a pattern or model.

(उदाहरण)

Model, Pattern, Example, Standard, Prototype

-

The couple has become the paradigm of love in our society.   

Governance

Noun

The act of governing a country or organization.

A method of government.

(शासन)

Administration, Control, Law, Politics

Impotence, Opposition, Surrender, Incapacity

The party leader is facing issues in the governance of the party.

Oath

Noun

A solemn promise, often invoking a divine witness, regarding one's future action or behavior.

(शपथ)

Vow, Promise, Pledge, Attestation, Word

Break, Silence, Kindness

He was administered an oath by the governor.

Emerge

Verb

Come Out; Arise

(उभरना)

Appear, Arrive, Develop, Derive, Show

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Drop, Fall

His proposal emerged out of the blue.

Defectors

Noun

A person who defects from a cause, country, alliance, etc

(दल-बदलू)

Deserter, Renegade, Betrayer, Apostate

-

The defectors were banished from entry into the country.

Resentment

Noun

Bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly.

(नाराज़गी)

Acrimony, Animosity, Annoyance, Irritation

Calm, Cheer, Comfort, Delight

Shaurya was filled with resentment toward his father.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

Inflation has been on the rise for the past two years.

Proactive

Adjective

Acting in anticipation of future problems.

Serving to prepare for an expected negative situation.

(सक्रिय)

Farseeing, Forehand, Prescient, Visionary

Improvident, Myopic, Shortsighted, Lazy

The authorities took some proactive measures to prevent dog bite cases in the city.

Sway

Verb

move or cause to move slowly or rhythmically backward and forward or from side to side.

Influence

(डोलना/ प्रभावित करना)

Bend, Lean, Swing, Waver, Dominate, Impress, Inspire, Overrule, Persuade

Straighten, Stabilize, Remain, Discourage, Mislead, Dissuade, Neglect, Misguide

He tried to sway me from my decision.

Noun

Rule or Control

(बोलबाला)

 

Jurisdiction, Rule, Government, Sovereignty, Dominion, Control, Power

Inability, Powerlessness, Weakness

Many people want to remain under the sway of the present government.

Suffice

Verb

Be adequate

(पर्याप्त)

Enough, Satisfy, Answer, Avail

Displease, Refuse, Miss, Dissatisfy

The funds won’t suffice for the new project.

Tackling

Verb

To solve or deal with.

(सुलझाना)

Attack, Dive, Wade, Begin, Try

Abstain, Complete, Conclude, Dodge

Let her tackle her own problems.

Ensuring

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

My father ensured me that I don’t fail in the exam.

Transparency

Noun

The quality to see through something.

(पारदर्शिता)

Clarity, Clearness, Limpidity, Lucency

Cloudiness, Opacity, Turbidity, Turbidness

The new scheme will bring transparency for project allocation.

Aggravated

Verb

Make (a problem, injury, or offence) worse or more serious.

(भड़काना)

Irritate, Exasperate, Anger, Irk, Vex

Calm, Conciliate, Appease, Placate

He aggravated the situation by blaming his in-laws for his condition.

Commensurate

Adjective

Corresponding in size, importance, quality, etc.

(आकार, महत्व, योग्‍यता आदि के अनुरूप)

Compatible, Comparable, Consistent, Sufficient

Incompatible, Unsuitable, Inappropriate, Unacceptable

I asked for compensation commensurate with my loss.

Prosperity

Noun

A successful condition

A condition in which a person or community is doing well financially

(समृद्धि)

Accomplishment, Benefit, Boom, Expansion, Growth, Inflation, Interest

Decreases, Disadvantage, Failure, Lessening, Loss, Shrinkage, Stagnation

We wished a lot of happiness and prosperity to the newlywed couple.

Persistent

Adjective

Continuing to exist or endure over a prolonged period.

(लंबे समय तक अस्तित्व में रहना) 

Constant, Continual, Endless, Incessant, Tenacious, Determined, Persevering, Purposeful

Broke, Ceasing, Disloyal, Inconstant

He was persistent in completing his work on time.

Mandate

Noun

An official order or commission to do something.

(आदेश)

Authorization, Command, Decree, Directive

Breach, Question, Break, Denial

The new mandate regarding COVID-19 precautions was not clear enough.

 

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat