The Hindu Vocabulary 14 December 2022

2022-12-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Ready for the worst: on government’s better preparedness for cyclones.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Preparedness

Noun

The state of being prepared.

The state of preparation.

(तत्परता)

Alertness, Mobility, Preparation, Zeal

-

The opposition demanded a status report on the preparedness of the country in an event of another pandemic.

Cyclone

Noun

A storm or system of winds that rotates about a center of low atmospheric pressure and advances at a speed of 20 to 30 miles an hour.

(चक्रवात/ बवंडर/ चक्रवात्या)

Monsoon, Tropical Cyclone, Typhoon, Tropical Storm

-

The cyclone has caused heavy destruction.

Landfall

Noun

A sighting of land after a flight.

An act of arriving somewhere after a journey at sea.

(भूम बिछल)

-

-

The landfall of a hurricane is likely to happen on Thursday.

Relief

Noun

A means that relieves pain or distress.

(राहत)

Cheer, Comfort, Consolation, Solace, Alleviation, Happiness

Hindrance, Hurt, Injury, Stop

It was a great relief to finally reach the destination.

Severe

Adjective

(of something bad or undesirable) very great

(गंभीर)

Harsh, Acute, Bitter, Dangerous, Drastic, Extreme, Fierce

Kind, Easy, Amenable, Calm, Compromising

They had a severe fight because of some misunderstanding.

Dump

Noun

An accumulation of discarded garbage.

(गंदी जगह/ ढेर/ खत्ते में डालना/ खत्ता)

Depot, Cesspool, Magazine, Swamp, Shack, Hole, Hovel, Joint

-

The old machines have become a part of the dump.

Verb

To drop heavily.

To empty out as from a container.

(घूर/ घूरा/ थांग/ जेल)

Deposit, Discard, Discharge, Ditch, Drain, Jettison, Leave, Scrap, Cast, Chuck

Hold, Keep, Retain, Maintain

We dumped all the waste products from our farm house.

Noteworthy

Adjective

Worthy of attracting attention especially because of some special excellence.

(ध्यान देने योग्य)

Conspicuous, Evident, Exceptional, Extraordinary

Common, Commonplace, Familiar, Hidden

They have made a noteworthy contribution to the cause.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He delayed everyone despite knowing the time of departure.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Rajnish ignored his friend out of despite.

Swift

Adjective

Capable of moving with great speed.

(तीव्र/ तत्पर/ शीघ्रगामी/जल्दी करनेवाला)

Abrupt, Expeditious, Hasty, Nimble

Delayed, Expected, Lazy, Leisurely

He confused the opponent with his swift moves.

Disrupt

Verb

Interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.

(अस्त-व्यस्त)

Disturb, Rattle, Disorder, Obstruct, Intrude

Organise, Soothe, Calm, Appease

Activists tried to disrupt the meeting of the two heads of the nation.

Flak

Noun

Anticraft guns.

If you get a lot of flak from someone, it means that they criticize you severely.

(यानतोड़क तोपें/ हवामार तोपख़ाना)

Abuse, Brickbat, Censure, Condemnation

Approval, Commendation, Compliment, Endorsement

She received a good deal of flak after criticizing the movie.

Subsequently

Adverb

Later in time.

(इस के बाद)

Afterward, Later, After, Consequently

Earlier, Former, Prior

If you don’t learn concepts well, you will not be able to apply them subsequently.

Vicinity

Noun

The area near or surrounding a particular place.

(आस – पास)

Environs, Neighbourhood, Proximity, Locality

Faraway

We are planning to buy a piece of land in the vicinity of the town hall.

Inundation

Noun

The condition of being flooded.

(सैलाब/ आप्लावन)

Flood, Tide

-

There is an inundation of campaign posters all across the city.

Coordination

Noun

The act of coordinating.

Proper order.

Harmonious combination.

The process of organizing people so that they work together properly.

(समन्वय/ तुक/ सामंजस्य)

Allocation, Allotment, Analysis, Arrangement

Disorganization, Keeping, Retention, Unlikeness

He was able to manage the team well and keep everything in coordination with the team’s requirements.

Forecast

Noun

An estimate of a future happening in advance.

(पूर्वानुमान)

Cast, Prediction, Soothsaying, Vaticination, Calculation, Estimate, Outlook, Prognosis

Hindsight, Ignorance, Thoughtfulness

The forecast by the IMF may be wrong.

Verb

To estimate a future happening in advance.

To predict.

(पूर्वानुमान करना)

Anticipate, Augur, Calculate, Conclude

Begin, Start, Doubt, Misunderstand

They are forecasting heat waves in the coming months.

Dissemination

Noun

The act of disseminating.

The act of spreading something.

(प्रसार/ प्रचार/ विस्तार/ फैलाव)

Circulation, Diffusion, Promulgation, Propagation

Collection, Gathering

My father does not like the dissemination of our family pics on social media.

Ensure

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

He ensured me of success in this world cup.

Empirical

Adjective

Originating in or based on observation or experience

(प्रयोगसिद्ध)

Existential, Experiential, Experimental, Objective, Observational

Nonempirical, Theoretical, Unempirical

The whole concept is derived out of empirical evidences.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat