The Hindu Vocabulary 13 December 2022

2022-12-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Cycles of crises: On the executive-legislature clash in Peru.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

I am going through a midlife crisis.

Executive

Noun

Someone who is employed by a business at a senior level.

The person or persons in which the supreme executive power of a government is vested.

The executive branch of a government.

(कार्यपालक/ कार्यकारिणी शक्ति/ शासनात्मक सत्ता)

Administration, Administrator, Official, Supervisor, Boss, Chief, Commander, Director

Employee, Follower, Worker

The policies are made by the executives.

Adjective

Relating to the execution of laws and the conduct of public affairs.

Of or relating to an executive.

Relating to carrying out plans.

(कार्यकारी/ शासनात्मक)

Managerial, Governing, Ruling, Controlling, Directorial

Subordinate, Nonmanagerial, Nonsupervisory

President in India is the executive head of the government.

Legislature

Noun

The legislative body of a country or state.

(विधान मंडल)

Chamber, House, Parliament, Body, Council, Assembly, Diet, Senate, House of the representatives

-

Some of the states in India have a bicameral legislature.

Widespread

Verb

Spread over a wide space.

(बड़े पैमाने पर)

Boundless, Broad, Extended, Wide

Limited, Narrow

There is widespread support for the party.

Allegation

Noun

An assertion made with little or no proof.

(आरोप)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea

Exculpation, Denial

He was upset owing to the false allegations put against him by his friends.

Vow

Noun

A solemn pledge.

(क़सम)

Promise, Oath, Pledge

Break, Breach

He took a vow not to marry anyone his entire life.

Verb

To promise as to god or a saint.

(क़सम खाना)

Affirm, Assure, Declare, Promise

Deny, Break, Disavow

Sameera vowed to help me in any way she could.

Chronic

Adjective

Never ending

(दीर्घकालिक)

Constant, Continuous, Sustained, Deep-rooted, Incurable

Ceasing, Ending, Halting, Curable

I need to get my mother operated on as she is suffering from a chronic disease.

Predecessor

Noun

A person who precedes another in the office.

Ancestor.

(पूर्वज/ पुरखा/ पूर्ववर्ती/ पूर्वाधिकारी)

Antecedent, Archetype, Daddy, Foregoer, Forerunner, Forebear, Former, Antecedent

Derivative, Descendant, Successor

My predecessor was a very respectable man.

Impeachment

Noun

The impeaching of a public official.

The process of charging with a crime that someone has done and makes them unfit for the office.

(आयात सामग्री का)

Allegation, Complaint, Denunciation, Indictment, Recrimination, Arraignment, Criticism, Animadversion

Acquittal, Approval, Praise, Commendation, Endorsement, Flattery, Harmony, Compliment, Ratification

The process of the impeachment of the President started in the lower house.

Ouster

Noun

A wrongful dispossession

A judgement removing an officer or depriving a corporation of franchise

(निकाल देना)

Ejection, Eviction, Expulsion, Overthrow, Removal, Banishment

Welcoming, Hiring, Employment, Retention

The ouster of the current regime by the opposition was applauded by all.

Erupted

Verb

To burst from limits or restraints

To become active or violent suddenly

(फूटन/ विस्फोट होना)

Appear, Blow up, Break out, Burst, Explode, Flare up, Spew

Be quiet, Calm, Silent, Restrain, Contain

The volcano erupted after a gap of 10 years.

Embolden

Verb

Give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something or to behave in a certain way.

(प्रोत्साहित करना)

Encourage, Fortify, Hearten, Stimulate, Motivate, Cheer

Discourage, Dishearten, Demotivate, Dissuade

He emboldened me to head the new project.

Invoke

Verb

To appeal to authority.

To make an earnest request for something.

To put into effect.

(आह्वान करना/ विनती करना)

Beget, Breed, Cause, Generate, Apply, Enforce

Cruelty, Indulgence, Meanness, Ignore, Neglect

He has invoked the death penalty by committing murder.

Aide

Noun

An assistant or helper.

(सहयोगी/ अंगरक्षक)

Assistant, Deputy, Supporter, Abettor

Boss, Leader

Mansi served as a close aide to her teacher.

Abstention

Noun

Withholding of a vote.

The act of choosing not to do something.

A formal refusal to vote on something.

(बचाव/ मतदान न करना/ भाग न लेना)

Abstinence, Avoidance, Self-restraint, Self-control

Self-indulgence

One should practice abstention from smoking, drugs, and alcohol.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

You should give a critical analysis of the government schemes for the welfare of women.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

Acidic food items usually trigger my headaches.

 

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

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