The Hindu Vocabulary 12 December 2022

2022-12-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Capital victory: On AAP’s win in MCD polls.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Council

Noun

An assembly of persons summoned for consultation.

An executive body whose members are equal in power and authority.

A group appointed as an advisory council.

A group of people who are elected to govern a local area.

(परिषद/ समिति)

Assembly, Board, Cabinet, Chamber

Individual, One

I am a part of the governor’s council on agriculture reforms.

Civic

Adjective

Relating to a city or citizens especially local authority like a municipality.

(नगर)

Civil, Urban, National, Local

-

It is our civic duty to follow traffic rules.

Interim

Noun

An intervening time.

A temporary or provisional arrangement.

An intervening time.

(अन्तरिम)

Meantime, Breach, Break, Breather, Hiatus, Downtime, Gap

Continuation, Continuity, Permanence

He has finally got a role in the interim.

Adjective

Belonging to a temporary period.

(अन्तरिम का)

Provisional, Stopgap, Acting, Caretaker, Makeshift

Finished, Permanent, Continual, Permanent

He asked us not to bring interim issues to the president.

Merge

Verb

Bring or come together

(विलय होना)

Absorb, Blend, Combine, Consolidate, Fuse, Join, Unite

Disconnect, Divide, Part, Separate, Disperse, Scatter

Many banks have merged into single after the board’s decision.

Efficiently

Noun

In an efficient manner.

In the best possible manner with competence and without wasting time.

(कुशलता/कुशलतापूर्वक)

Ably, Expertly, Skilfully, Adeptly

Inefficiently

He has completed his work more efficiently than me.

Mounting

Noun

Something that mounts.

The act of a person to mount.

(बढ़ते/ ढांचा खड़ा करना)

Ascending, Climbing, Growing, Increasing

Downhill, Easy, Facile

He pulled the curtain rod from its mounting and damaged it.

Permissible

Adjective

Something that can be allowed or permitted as it does not break laws or rules.

(जायज़/ अनुमेय)

Acceptable, Admissible, Bearable, Lawful

Illegal, Illegitimate, Intolerable, Prohibited

Many companies were fined because of violating permissible limits.

Dump

Noun

An accumulation of discarded garbage.

(गंदी जगह/ ढेर/ खत्ते में डालना/ खत्ता)

Depot, Cesspool, Magazine, Swamp, Shack, Hole, Hovel, Joint

-

The tractor has become a part of the dump.

Verb

To drop heavily.

To empty out as from a container.

(घूर/ घूरा/ थांग/ जेल)

Deposit, Discard, Discharge, Ditch, Drain, Jettison, Leave, Scrap, Cast, Chuck

Hold, Keep, Retain, Maintain

We dumped all the waste machinery from our farm house.

Dock

Noun

A landing pier.

An artificial basin for the reception of the ships.

(गोदी/ बंदरगाह)

Berth, Harbour, Jetty, Pier

-

I am getting a new job at the dock.

Verb

To haul alongside a dock.

To become docked.

(बाल छोटा करना/ संक्षिप्त करना)

Anchor, Berth, Hook up, Moor

Ship out

We went on a cruise and saw how a ship gets docked.

Boost

Verb

To push from below.

To increase.

(बढ़ावा)

Addition, Advance, Promote, Push

Discourage, Dissuade, Undermine, Condemn

My mother always try to boost my morale and motivate me.

Cite

Verb

To cite or appeal to.

(आह्वान)

Adduce, Invoke, Instance, Evoke

Waive, Relinquish, Abandon, Reject, Disregard, Forgo

He cited my name in each interview after his success.

Delimitation

Noun

An act of fixing the limits of something.

The resulting boundary.

(हदबंदी/ परिसीमन/ विभाजन करना/ सरहदबंदी)

Custody, Detention, Incarceration, Internment, Answer, Explanation, Interpretation, Rationale, Separation, Bound, Differentiation, Distinction

Freedom, Liberation, Liberty, Allowance, Question, Ambiguity

The delimitation of maritime boundaries has been approved by the International Court of Justice.

Slew

Noun

A large number of things.

(निहत/ अनेकता/ मोड़/ दलदल)

Abundance, Aggregation, Batch, Bunch

Individual, Lack, Debt, Ditch

He has stored a slew of cricket balls in his room.

Verb

To turn something about a fixed point that is usually the axis.

To put to death deliberately.

(घूमना/ झूलना/ झुलाना/ मदहोश करना)

Carried off, Dispatched, Assassinated, Executed

Raised, Nurtured, Animated, Restored

He slewed the microscope to get a better view of the cells.

Amendment

Noun

The process of altering a law in a constitutional procedure.

A material that aids plant growth by improving the soil condition.

(संशोधन)

Change, Modification, reform, Remedy, Act, Bill, Measure, Motion

Damage, Harm, Injury, Repose

I don’t think that you can get these many amendments passed in the house.

Ideology

Noun

The body of doctrine or beliefs that guide an individual or a group.

Visionary theorizing.

A system of ideas and ideals which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policies.

(विचारधारा/ चित्तवृत्ति)

Creed, Culture, Dogma, Outlook

-

I agree with the ideology of my political party.

Intact

Adjective

Untouched by anything that harms.

(बरकरार/ पूर्ण)

Comprehensive, Entire, Full, Perfect, Total, Flawless, Unblemished, Unbroken

Imperfect, Incomplete, Flawed

I will make sure that our family legacy is intact for years to come.

Adhere

Verb

To stay attached.

To be in support of someone or something.

To maintain loyalty.

(पालन ​​करना/ अनुसरण करना/ चिपकना/ दृढ़ रहना)

Comply, Heed, Obey, Observe, Attach, Fasten, Unite, Cement

Disobey, Ignore, Overlook, Condemn, Disregard, Detach, Disconnect, Separate, Unfasten

My father always taught us to adhere to our family values.

Sorely

Adverb

To a very high degree or level of intensity

With feelings of bitterness or grief

(कष्टदायी रूप से/ अत्यंत कष्ट से)

Abjectly, Agonizingly, Bitterly, Dolefully

Favourably, Blissfully, Gladly, Joyfully

She said that many changes are sorely needed for improvement.

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Question Of The Day

The Right to Freedom of Religion is contained within which Articles of the Constitution of India?/ धार्मिक स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार भारत के संविधान के किस अनुच्छेद में निहित है?


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