The Hindu Vocabulary 9 December 2022

2022-12-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Winning formula: On BJP’s strategy.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Strategy

Noun

A plan of action or policy designed to achieve a major or overall aim.

(रणनीति)

Action, Approach, Blueprint, Design, Project, Scheme, Policy

Honesty, Openness

He planned a strategy for scoring better in mains exam.

Tactics

Noun

A system or strategy planned to achieve a specific thing.

(रणनीति/ कार्यनीति)

Ploy, Gambit, Stratagem

-

He used various tactics to get the project.

Eclipses

Verb

(of a celestial body) obscure the light from or to (another celestial body)

Obscure, Veil

Surpass achievement

(ग्रहण लगना)

Concealment, Decline, Dim, Overshadow, Exceed, Outdo, Outshine, Overrun, Transcend

Fail, Lose, Brighten, Clear up, Increase

The new record made by BJP in the Gujarat election has eclipsed its old record.

Merge

Verb

Bring or come together

(विलय होना)

Absorb, Blend, Combine, Consolidate, Fuse, Join, Unite

Disconnect, Divide, Part, Separate, Disperse, Scatter

The government has decided to merge the two entities.

Consolation

Noun

The act of alleviating the grief of someone.

(सांत्वना)

Comfort, Compassion, Encouragement, Pity

Disdain, Indifference, Mercilessness, Stop

He found consolation in meeting his parents after a long time.

Backdrop

Verb

To provide background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि प्रदान करन)

Background, Culture

-

The stage was backdropped with golden curtains to make it more attractive.

Noun

Background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि)

Background, Ground, Scenery, Scrim

-

The meeting took place against the backdrop of the rising COVID-19 pandemic.

Decimation

Noun

The destruction of a great number of people or things.

(बरबादी)

Demolition, Extermination, Destruction, Annihilation, Catastrophe, Carnage, Extinction

Building, Construction

Your stubbornness can lead to the decimation of our family.

Furious

Adjective

Extremely angry

(आगबबूला)

Desperate. Enraged, Fierce, Frenetic, Livid, Violent, Vehement

Calm, Cheerful, Gentle, Peaceful, Happy

She was furious that her name was not on the list.

Foray

Noun

A sudden attack or incursion into enemy territory, especially to obtain something; a raid.

(धावा)

Inroad, Invasion, Raid, Attack, Descent, Sally

Abstention, Idleness, Laziness

We cannot allow a foray into our office unit without permission.

Instructive

Adjective

Useful and Informative

(उपदेशपूर्ण)

Enlightening, Useful, Helpful, Illuminating, Explanatory

Useless, Worthless

He gave an instructive demonstration on how to use the face pack.

Latent

Adjective

(of a quality or state) existing but not yet developed or manifest; hidden or concealed.

(अव्यक्त)

Inherent, Lurking, Smoldering, Suppressed, Underlying, Unrealized, Veiled

Active, Apparent, Clear, Live, Manifest

The symptoms of this disease may be latent for some time before diagnosis.

Anti-incumbency

Noun

Sentiment in favor of voting out incumbent politicians

(विरोधी लहर)

-

-

The anti-incumbency effect can be seen in the Himachal Pradesh elections.

Harness

Verb

Control and make use of (natural resources), especially to produce energy.

(उपयोग करना)

Curb, Exploit, Mobilize, Tackle, Tame, Utilize, Constrain, Apply

Allow, Detach, Disjoin, Free, Liberate, Loosen, Permit

The scheme was launched to harness the potential of youth in India.

Sedate

Adjective

Calm, dignified, and unhurried.

(गंभीर)

Decorous, Dignified, Placid, Serene, Sober, Solemn, Staid

Agitated, Excited, Frivolous, Loud, Noisy

He carried out the work at a sedate pace so as to maintain quality.

Hover

Verb

Remain in one place in the air

(मंडराना)

Drift, Flicker, Flutter, Fly, Linger, Poise, Waver

Lie, Rest, Settle

If you hover over the icon, it will change its color.

Renew

Verb

To begin again.

To make it effective for an additional period.

To restore.

To begin again.

(नवीकरण/ नवीकरण करना/ नया करना/ पूर्व अवस्था में लाना)

Continue, Extend, Prolong, Reaffirm, Reestablish, Reopen, Repeat, Restate, Restore, Resume

Destroy, Finish, Halt, Shorten, Stop, Break, Damage, Depress

We are planning to renew our furniture.

Vigour

Noun

Effort, energy, and enthusiasm

(शक्ति)

Robustness, Hardiness, Strength, Stamina, Fitness, Bloom

Weakness, Lethargy, Slowness, Torpor, Dullness

My grandfather is 95 years old but still full of vigour and vitality.

Hegemon

Noun

Something having dominant influence over others.

(आधिपत्य)

-

-

Chinese goods remain the global hegemon.

 

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

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