The Hindu Vocabulary 2 August 2022

2022-08-02

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 2 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Unpacking a conundrum: on potential severity of monkeypox.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conundrum

Noun

A riddle or puzzle.

(पहेली)

Enigma, Mystery, Puzzle, Riddle, Secret

-

The HOD has given one of the most difficult conundrums for the faculties.

Severity

Noun

The quality of being severe.

The condition of being very bad.

(तीव्रता/ कठोरता/ कठिनता/ क्रूरता) 

Harshness, Acerbity, Grimness, Sharpness, Austerity, Cruelty, Rigor, Hardness, Strictness, Unkindness

Gentility, Mildness, Softness, Pity, Kindness

The severity of the climate was something she couldn’t adapt to.

Severe

Adjective

The fact or condition of being serious.

(तीव्रता)

Seriousness, Gravity, Strength, Intensity, Ferocity

Mildness, Leniency, Geniality, Elaboration, Simplicity

Due to severe heat waves, primary schools are shut.

Fatigue

Noun

Extreme tiredness resulting from mental or physical exertion or illness.

(थकान)

 

Lethargy, Weakness, Weariness, Dullness

Ability, Energy, Liveliness, Energy

He was tired due to fatigue.

Verb

Cause (someone) to feel tired or exhausted.

(थकना)

Disable, Exhaust, Weaken, Debilitate

Activate, Add, Assist, Energize, Grow

I was fatigued after working two shifts in a row.

Fatality

Noun

An occurrence of death by accident, in war, or from disease.

A disaster resulting in death.

The fate of a person or thing.

Predetermined liability to disaster.

The quality or state of causing destruction.

A feeling that human beings cannot influence events.

(विपत्ति/ कष्ट/ मृत्यु संख्‍या)

Accident, Casualty, Disaster, Mortality, Destructiveness, Dying, Inevitability, Lethality, Noxiousness, Deadliness, Prey, Victim

Birth, Beginning, Gainer, Assassin, Killer, Victor

Car safety is important to reduce the chances of fatality in case of an accident.  

Outbreak

Noun

A sudden occurrence of something unwelcome, such as war or disease.

(प्रकोप)

Eruption, Upsurge, Flare-up, Epidemic, Breakout, Outburst, Blaze

-

The outbreak of the cases of Monkeypox in Nigeria has caused severe problems.

Surge

Noun

A sudden powerful forward or upward movement, especially by a crowd or by a natural force such as the waves or tide.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Swell, Upsurge, Flow

Decline, Decrease

The surge in stock prices trapped all the naïve traders as it plummeted soon after.

Verb

Move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward.

(बढ़ोतरी)

Climb, Grow, Rise, Gush

Descend, Lessen

The prices of commodities whose price depends on imports from Russia have surged in the past few months.

Elevated

Verb

To move to a higher position.

To raise to a higher intellectual level (तरक्की/ उन्नत करना/ उदात्तीकरण करना/ पद बढ़ाना)

Heighten, Raise, Lift, erect, Hoist, Levitate, Poise

Drop, Fall, Condemn, Decrease, Demote, Denounce, Deprecate, Depress, Disdain, Disgrace, Distress, Lessen

He has elevated his wife’s designation in the company.

Syndromes

Noun

The pattern of symptoms that characterize a particular social condition.

A group of signs that occur together to characterize a particular abnormality or condition.

A set of concurrent things that forms an identifiable pattern.

(सिंड्रोम/ रोग में अनेक लक्षणों का समावेश)

Ailment, Disorder, Malady, Problem, Sickness, Affection, Complaint, Complex, Diagnostics, Infirmity

Health

The syndrome is going to affect those who have low immunity.

Outcome

Noun

The way a thing turns out

(परिणाम)

Result, Consequence, Conclusion, Net result, Product

Cause, Origin, Beginning, Source, Start

We are hoping for a good outcome from our investment.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

A probe was ordered by the court.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

It seems that the agency is trying to probe the minister due to some secret intelligence.

Disclosure

Noun

The action of making new or secret information known.

(प्रशासन)

Revelation, Divulgence, Declaration, Announcement, News, Report, Expose, Confession

Concealment, Denial, Secret

You have to make a disclosure of your marks in every class if you want to get selected.

Progression

Noun

The act of progressing.

A passing successively from one member of a series to the next.

A sequence of numbers in which each number is related to its next and previous number by a uniform law.

(प्रगति/ बढ़ाव/ बढ़ाई/ आरोहण)

Advancement, Breakthrough, Evolution, Advance, Amelioration, Betterment, boost, Break, Development, Furtherance, Growth, headway, Improvement, Catena, Nexus

Backwash, Ebb, Retraction, Turnabout, Recess, Retrogression, Backslide, Decline, Falling, Regress, Block, Decline, Failure, Hindrance

The natural progression of musical talent in my son is amazing.

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