The Hindu Vocabulary 1 August 2022

2022-08-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Core constraints: On economic recovery.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Constraint

Noun

Something that limits or controls what one can do.

Limitations or restrictions.

Unnatural restraint in manner.

Something that constrains.

A condition of constraining.

Repression of one’s own feelings.

(बाधा/ बाध्यता/ विवशता/ निरोध)

Pressure, Restraint, Coercion, Compulsion

Deterrent, Discouragement, Freedom, Hindrance

She decided to pull out of the school trip due to financial constraints at his home.

Economic

Adjective


Justified in terms of profitability. (आर्थिक)

 

Budgetary, Financial, Commercial, Monetary, Productive, Profitable

-

He has a very impressive economic sense.

Recovery

Noun

A return to a normal state of health, mind, or strength

(वापस पाना)

Recuperation, Convalescence, Rehabilitation, Healing, Improvement

Deterioration, Relapse

The recovery seems to be quicker than expected.

Robust

Adjective

Strong and healthy; vigorous.

(मजबूत)

Strong, Sturdy, Vigorous, Powerful, tough, Stern

Weak, Debilitate, Frail, Fragile, Sensitive

The whole setup in the plant looked robust.

Successive

Adjective

Following one another or following others.

(क्रमिक)

Consecutive, Straight, Following, Running, Continuous

-

The Indian team is about to make a record for most successive wins.

Reckon

Verb

Consider or regard in a specified way.

To count.

(अनुमान करना)

Consider, Judge, View, Deem, Rate, Gauge, Estimate, Repute

Ignore, Disregard, Avoid, Avoidance, Evade, Shun

My son is reckoning days till his summer vacation.

Tad

Verb

A small child.

A very small amount.

Somewhat or rather.

(बालक/ बच्चा/ शिशु/ बहुत छोटी राशि ।/ कुछ हद तक या यों कहें ।)

Child, Infant, Neonate, Newborn, Modicum, Smidgen, Ace, bit, Crumb, Little, Mite, Nip, Ounce, Scruple, Spark, Spatter, Strain, Atom, Part, Handful, Chip

Abundance, Adult, Barrel, Bonanza, Superabundance, Chunk, Lump, Deal, Fistful, Overage

He earns a tad more than me.

Mar

Verb

To damage or harm.

To impair.

To disfigure.

(हानि करना/ बिगाड़ना/ दूषित करना/ न करना)

Blight, Bruise, Harm, Impair

Aid, Assist, Build, Clean

Many problems marred the smooth operations of the event.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

Many believe that the pandemic is not going to hurt anymore.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

Any of our health is a matter of concern for all of us.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

It is concerning for me to think about the bad possibilities of my decisions.

Fragment

Noun

A part broken off.

An incomplete or isolated part.

(टुकड़ा)

Bit, Chunk, Hunk, Lump, Piece

Lot, Whole, Total

The fragments of broken glass are dangerous and may hurt anyone.

Verb

To break into pieces.

(टुकड़ों में तोड़ना)

Disintegrate, Rend, Rive, Burst, Crumble, Disunite, Break, Fracture

Combine, Fix, Join, Complete

It is impossible to fragment an electron further.

Dissonant

Adjective

Disagreeing or harsh in sound.

Out of harmony.

Harmonically unresolved.

(कर्कश/ बेसुरा/ विभिन्न/ अमिल)

Differing, Discordant, Incongruous, Anomalous, Disconsonant, Discrepant, Dissentient, Incompatible, Incongruent, Inconsistent, Jarring, Raucous, Cacophonic

Harmonious, Coinciding, Compatible, Complementary, Concordant, Consonant, Similar

A dissonant chorus of noise was arising from our neighbour’s house.

Blip

Noun

A small problem that does not last for long.

(अस्‍थायी समस्‍या)

Glitch, Echo, Censor, Shock

Conserve, Spread

The frequent blips in trying to close the deal are causing problems.

Dampen

Verb

Make less strong or intense.

(कम करना)

Lessen, Decrease, Diminish, Reduce, Lower, Moderate, Damp

Heighten, Increased, Intensified, Enhanced, Boosted, Accelerated

Our opponent team’s coach tried to dampen our enthusiasm.

Make wet

(गीला हो जाना)

Bedew, Dabble, Humidify, Moisten, Spray, Sprinkle

Collect, Gather, Dehydrate, Dry

My school uniform has been dampened by rain.

Headwind

Noun

Wind in the opposite direction of the course of movement.

A situation that is unfavourable to the course of action.

(विपरीत परिस्थितियों)

Opposite

Support, Catalyst

Farm Bills has faced headwinds of extreme level.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

Tomorrow is going to be the most critical day for this project.

Cajoles

Verb

To persuade by flattery or promises.

To deceive someone with soothing words or false promises.

To persuade someone to do something by flattery.

(मीठी बातों से मिला लेना/ झूठ बोलना/ धोका देना/ चापलूसी करना/ ढकोसला करना)

Deceive, Delude, Dupe, Entice, Entrap, Seduce, Tantalize, Tempt, Blandish, Urge, Mislead, Jolly, Coax, Wheedle

Discourage, Bully, Force, Dissuade, Bug, Harass, Nag, Demand, Pester, Coerce, Browbeat, Bulldoze, Tease, Bully

He cajoled me into doing the movie.

Capex

Noun

Capital Expenditure.

(कैपेक्स/पूंजीगत व्यय)

-

-

In this year company’s Capex can reach up to $100 million.

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